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Management of Alzheimer's dementia
prevention and treatment of anemias
- -Nitrates are used to treat and prevent attacks of angina.
- -only nitrates (sublingual, lingual spray, or intravenous) may be used in the acute treatments of attacks of angina pectoris.
- -calcium channel blockers are used prophylactically in long-term management of angina.
-antianxiety agents are used in the management of various forms of anxiety, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
-supression of cardiac arrhytmias
- -management of acute and chronic episodes of reversible bronchoconstriction.
- -goal of therapy is to treat acute attacks (short-term control) and to decrease incidence and intensity of future attacks (long-term control).
- -the choice of modalities depends on the continued requirements for short term control agents
- Atropine- Bradyarrhythmias
- Ipratropium- bronchospasm (inhalation) and rhinorrhea (intranasal)
- Scopolamine- Nausea and vomiting related to motion sickness and vertigo
- propantheline and glycopyrrolate- decreasing gastric secretory activity and increasing esophageal sphincter tone.
- -prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders including deep vein thrombosis, plumonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization
- -also used in the management of myocardial infraction (MI) sequnentially or in combination with thrombolytics and/or antiplatelet agents
-anticonvulsants are used to decrease the incidence and serverity of seizures due to various etiologies