Ch 6-11 Test Questions - Suffrage and Presidential Candidates

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Ch 6-11 Test Questions - Suffrage and Presidential Candidates
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2012-05-07 01:50:08
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11 Test Questions Suffrage Presidential Candidates
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Suffrage and Presidential Candidates
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  1. Candidates hinder voters most by
    being ambiguous about their positions on important issues
  2. The Motor Voter Act was intended to
    increase voter registration
  3. One of the most important characteristics on which voters base their decision is a presidential candidate's
    Competence
  4. About what percentage of the electorate voted in the few last presidential campaigns?
    50%
  5. Suffrage has been granted to many groups in the US in which of the following ways?
    Amendments
  6. All the following conditions should be met for a person to vote according to his or her policy preferences EXCEPT
    The person must have developed a pattern of policy voting over several elections
  7. Which of the following groups usually have the highest voter turnout in a presidential election?
    Adults with a college education
  8. The electoral votes of most states are allocated by which method?
    All of the state's electors cast their votes for whichever candidate won their state's popular vote
  9. Which is NOT a technique employed in a modern campaign?
    Newspaper articles
  10. Presidential campaigns in the US differ most from campaigns in other countries in which way?
    American campaigns are much longer than other campaigns
  11. Which factor contributes to the cost of a presidential campaign?
    TV advertising
  12. Primary elections are not very representative of the eletorates' preferences because?
    Voters in primary elections are usually older and more affluent than the majority
  13. What statements accurately describe critical elections?
    • Critical elections tend to occur only after significant political or social events
    • Critical elections usually signal the beginning of a new political era
  14. What's led to ticket splitting in recent elections?
    Partisan dealignment
  15. Political parties play an important role in democracy because they
    Connect the public with policymaking institutions
  16. Which statement is generally true of third parties?
    • Third parties expand the political agenda. . .
    • Third parties rarely gain eneough support in the electorate to win. . .
    • Any success that a third party achieves is from discontent with the major political parties
  17. A two party systems differs from a multiparty system in that it
    Encourages moderation in policymaking and discourages change
  18. The influence of political parties has been declining for reasons EXCEPT?
    The gov has failed to enforce party membership among the electorate
  19. The Supreme Court has determined that racial gerrymandering is unconstitutional because it?
    Extends affirmative action to a point which goes beyond the intent of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  20. Southern states that created "majority-minority" congressional districts did so because they were attempting to. . .
    abide by the provisioning of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  21. What resulted from the 2000 election? The Republicans maintained ...
    their majority in the House.
  22. A primary election in which voters from one political party can cross over to express their choice for a candidate is called?
    An open primary
  23. What is a part of the Federal Election Commission's regulations?
    Matching funds made available to presidential candidates who raise money within the limits set by the comission
  24. Which is true?
    -Divided government has been endorsed by the electorate in numerous. . .
    presidential elections
  25. What statements describe voting trends in recent prresidential elections?
    • Gender gap has been a factor
    • The youth vote is on the rise
    • More people are enrolling as Independant
  26. The guiding principle that governs legislative apportionment is
    One man one vote
  27. The major impact that third political parties have on presidential elections has been to. . .
    Develop issues that are layer adopted by the major political parties
  28. What statement is true about the nature of modern party organizations?
    Local politics generates a grasroots support by party regulars
  29. What is the best indicator that realignment took place in the 1990s?
    The Republicans gained control of Congress in 1994
  30. A major difference between the Iowa caucus vote and the New Hampshire primary is?
    The fact NH encourages crossover participation from people who are registered with other political parties
  31. Q that I missed. >.<
    Greater influence in outcome of nomination process
  32. What reflects the best explaination for the headline: "Reform Party Candidate Jessie Venture: Some People Say We Should Have a Third Party"
    Voters don't seem to detect major differences between the Democrats and the Republicans
  33. The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 established rules for candidates seeking office EXCEPT:
    The restriction of spending amounts by candidates who decided not to accept matching funds
  34. What staments about campaign strategy are NOT true?
    The candidate must campaign in all 50 states
  35. Many political scientists concluded that Bill Clinton won the election of 1996 because:
    There was unity in the Democratic party
  36. The first time a candidate uses media attention and money to achieve recognition is what?
    Invisible primary
  37. What providea voters a chance to directly approve or disapprove a legislative proposition?
    Referendum
  38. Which factor DOES NOT tend to weaken a candidate's chance for election?
    Raising large amounts of $$
  39. Four decades of research on political campaigns led to:
    Campaigns mostly reinforce and activate. Only rarely do they convert.
  40. TV news coverage of a candidate generally DOES NOT focus on:
    A candidate's explanation of a complex policy statement
  41. What campaign financing reforms have been proposed?
    Abolishing soft $$ contributions
  42. What concerns most bother politicians about the rising cost of campaigning?
    They are involved in fundraising which takes up much of their time
  43. Few developments since the Watergate crisis have generated as much cynicism about government as the. . ?
    Explosive growth of special interest groups and PACs
  44. Presidential candidates must file periodic reports with the FEC (Federal Election Committee) listing who contributed money & how it was spent regardless of. . .
    whether or not they received matching federal funding
  45. If presidential candidates accept federal support in the form of matching campaign financing, then they. . .
    Agree to limit their campaign expenditures to an amount prescribed by federal law
  46. In order to organize their Presidential campaigns effectively, a candidate must do all the following EXCEPT?
    Announce his or her choice for VP before the convention.
  47. Criticisms of the election process include all the following EXCEPT?
    The system allows little room for media involvement
  48. With the exception of Clinton & Bush, noone has been elected president since 1952 without first having won which presidential primary?
    New Hampshire Primary
  49. Before primaries existed, state parties selected their delegates to the natn'l convention through which of the following processes?
    Caucus
  50. In addition to nominating a party's candidate for the presidency, national conventions perform what task?
    Announce the party's platform
  51. What is true concerning the use of PACs in political campaigns?
    PACs must be registered with and monitored by the FEC
  52. Which is NOT a criticism raised against the primary system?
    This process of selecting delegates is unfair because it prevents representation of minority groups at the national conventions.
  53. The news media influence the outcome of a presidential election by. . .
    Making rushed judgements about the contest early in the primaries
  54. The FEC Act, Federal Election Campaign Act established all the following EXCEPT?
    A fund for public donations to congressional campaigns
  55. All the following were political consequences of the Great Depression EXCEPT. . .
    It initiated the current trend of divided government
  56. Local party organizations have little power because. . .
    Party Machines no longer control large cities
  57. Q
    The President is of a differ party from the majority in Congress
  58. The process in which parties nominate their candidate for the president is called. . .
    National Conventions
  59. The goal of the nominating game is to win a majority of delegates' support at which of the following stages of the campaign?
    The national party convention
  60. Political "spin" means. . .
    The attempt of handlers (telling you, a poltician, what to say / not to say, how to act / not to act) to present a favorable account of events
  61. When candidates use $ money $ and media attention to achieve the nomination, what is it called?
    Strategy
  62. What term represents the official designation of a person running for office?
    Party nomination
  63. What he been suggested to increase party ID?
    • The party should present clearly defined programs
    • The party should present candidates who are committed to the party's positions
  64. Which institutions have the Republicans consistently been the minority party from 1968-1994?
    House of Representatives
  65. Which event signaled the beginning of Republican party ascendency for more than 60 years?
    The Civil War
  66. What reforms took place as a result of the McGovern commission?
    Incorporation of minority delegates
  67. What time period reflects change of Republicans as the nations Majority party?
    Great Depression
  68. What determines the party's platform?
    The national convention
  69. What molds the values a person develops?
    Political socialization
  70. What characteristic reflects party politics of the 1990's?
    The Democrats' "Solid South" no longer exists in NATIONAL elections
  71. All the choices reflect major changes that have occurred to the party's system since Roosevelt's New Deal EXCEPT. . . (Which are not true since the time of the New Deal?)
    • Party organizations have become more energetic and effective
    • Party loyalty has increased
  72. What term means that people are gradually moving away from both parties?
    Dealignment
  73. What results after a critical election occurs?
    Party realignment
  74. What best describes the history of American political parties?
    America has had two parties that have consistenly dominated the political arena
  75. In the long history of the American party system, successful parties rarely stray from
    The midpoint (moderacy) of public opinion
  76. What philosophies are reflected by the majority of the American electorate?
    Middle of the road philosophy
  77. What are considered linkage instututions?
    • Political parties
    • Media
    • Interest groups
    • Elections
  78. What translates input from the public into output from the policymakers?
    Linkage institutions
  79. Relationships among which of the following exist in political parties EXCEPT
    Party and the Courts
  80. All the following are characteristic of politics EXCEPT
    The passage of laws that serve to further minority rights (it has to do with civil eights, not politics)
  81. What is a team of men and women banning together to control the government in an election?
    Political party
  82. What resulted after the Supreme Court ruling in Baker vs. Car
    The principal of "One man one vote" was established
  83. What is the most fundamental principle of Democratic theory?
    Free elections and universal suffrage
  84. All the following characteristics reflect the reasons why political parties are formed EXCEPT
    People ban together because they have similat incomes

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