Chapter 4 Nutritional Sciences

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lindseypb
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Chapter 4 Nutritional Sciences
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2012-05-08 10:46:05
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  1. Once absorbed, monosaccharide are first carried in the blood away from the small intestine and into the _____

    a) CNS

    b) liver

    c) muscle
    B
  2. Jims one-day diet record revealed that he consumes 2880 Kcal. what percent of his Kcal are coming from added sugar if his only sources of added sugar are three 10oz colat (240kcal, 0g fat, 0g protein per 20oz serving)

    a)10

    b) 15

    c) 20

    d) 25
    D
  3. Amy got up late this morning so she skipped breakfast and went straight to her soccer practice. What source of fuel is her body relying on to supply the glucose her brain needs to function?

    a)fatty acids

    b) liver glycogen

    c) glycolysis

    d)muscle glycogen
    B
  4. Which organ is able to convert galactose and fructose into glucose?

    a) muscle

    b) liver

    c) small intestine

    d) large intestine
    B
  5. The classification of polysaccharides includes starch,___, and ____


    a)sucrose, amylose

    b) glucose, glycogen

    c)glycogen, dietary fibre

    d) sucrose, dietary fibre
    C
  6. Dietary Fiber is indigestable because it contains ____ bonds

    a) a-glycosidic

    b) double

    c) b-glycosidic
    C
  7. It is reccomended that adults consume approx: ___ to ___ cups of vegetables daily

    a) 2,4

    b)3,5

    c) 4,6
    A
  8. Which two hormones are released by the adrenal glands in the fight or flight response?

    a) glucagon, cortisol

    b)insulin, cortisol

    c) cortisol, epinephrine

    d) epinephrine, insulin
    C
  9. Liam sometimes suffers from constipation. Whta foods might he eat because they are the best sources of fiber with high water-holding capacity, and thus making the fecal matter easier to eliminate?

    a) high pectin fruits

    b) leafy greens

    c) oat bran, barley, legumes
    C
  10. Suppose that Alicia wants to include foods in her diet that may lower her risk of developing CVD. To do this, she should choose food with a glycemic index of___

    a) at least 100

    b) 75-95

    c) 60-70

    d) less than 55
    D
  11. Ashey experiences nausea, dizziness, lethargy, and irritability within 1-4 hours after eating foods high in carbohydrates. She should be encouraged to eat:

    a)foods with a high glycemic index

    b)small frequent meals throughout the day

    c)meals high in protein and fat
    b
  12. Which component of the grain is righ in vitamins and minerals?

    a)germ

    b)endosperm

    c) bran
    a
  13. The enzymes involved in the digestion of starches include various____

    a)condensers

    b)amyloses

    c)amylases

    d)cofactors
    c
  14. What does it mean if a tissue has "insulin requiring glucose transporters?"

    a)the tissue is said to have impaired glucose regulation

    b)the tissue functions less effectively in the presence of insulin

    c)the tissue requires insulin to stimulate the uptake of glucose
    c
  15. Janes one-day intake revealed that she consumed the following carbohydrate sources: 2 cups cornflakes, 2 slices wg bread, 1c white rice, 1c fresh fruit, 1c broccoli and 1c tossed salad. What does she need to improve her intake and meet mypyramid reccomendations?

    a)replace the cornflakes or white rice with a WG alternative

    b)add at least and additional 1/2c fruit

    c) ad at least an additinal 1c of veggies

    d) a+b

    e) b+c
    D
  16. Epinephrine, a hormone, helps increase blood glucose levels by promoting glycogenolysis T/F
    True
  17. The most abundant saccharides in foods are the hexoses T/F
    True
  18. Dietary fiber has been shown to contribute to healthy bowel function and ____

    a) diminish blood glucose regulation

    b)increase blood cholesterol

    c)prevent colon cancer

    d) promote satiety
    D
  19. What determines wheather a carbohydrate is digestable or indigestable?

    a) the type of glycosidic bond

    b) the amount of caarbs eaten at the same time

    c) whether it is cooked or not
    a
  20. After she ate her usual dinner, amala had an ice-creamm sundae for dessert. Which metabolic process is predominating?

    a)glycogenesis

    b)glucose synthesis

    c)glycogenolysis
    A
  21. Diverticular disease:

    a) development is associated with a high fiber diet

    b) is characterized by the presence of pouches that form along the intestinal wall

    c)is always associated with the development of diverticulitis
    B
  22. The most abundant monosaccharides found in food include glucose,_____, and ____

    a)lactose, fructose

    b)sucrose, maltose

    c)sucrose, lactose

    d) fructose, galactose
    D
  23. Which hormones work together to maintain the bloog glucose level within an acceptable range?

    a)insulin,cck

    b)cortisol, epinephrine

    c)glucagon, insulin

    d)amylopectin, glucagon
    C
  24. Practically speaking, a natural sweetner such as maple sugar is more nutrient dense than sugar T/F
    false
  25. The liver determines how much glucose circulates in the blood, is stored as glycogen, and/or is stored as fat T/F
    True
  26. People who are lactose intolerant may be able to tolerate cheese and yogurt because during the manufacturing of these products most of the lactose has been converted to:


    a)glucose

    b)lactase

    c)amylose

    d)lactic acid
    D
  27. Tammy, a type 1 diabetic, consumes 2000kcal/day. How many grams of fiber should she consume per day?

    a)21

    b)25

    c)28

    d)32
    C
  28. Susan consumes 2000kcal/day. what is the reccomended total carb intake?

    a)169-244

    b)281-406

    c)225-325

    d)244-281
    C
  29. What is the RDA for carbs for adults in G/day?

    a) 130

    b)150

    c)160
    A

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