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Published Propositiones Philosophicae, wanted women's education
Agnesi

Revolutionized ancient geometry and integral calculus, invented simple machines
Archimedes

Invented an algebra which bears his name
George Boole

Anticipated much of modern computing
Ada Byron (Lady Lovelace)

Famous French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher
Rene Descartes

"Father of Algebra," Arithmetica developed # theory
Diophantus

Calculated Earthrelated measurements, prime numbers
Erastosthenes

Father of Geometry, wrote The Elements
Euclid

Lots of fields, modern math technology like mathematic function
Leonard Euler

Battled prejudices to become mathematician, number theory and elasticity
Sophie Germain

First woman math contributor, killed by Christian sect
Hypatia

Logarithms, mneumonic for triangles and formulas
John Napier

Greek astronomer, geocentric theory
Claudius Ptolemy

British, diagrams named after him
John Venn

Wife of Pythagorus, Golden Mean
Theano

4D polytopes
Alicia Stott

Apgebraeic geometry and commutative algebra (University of Michigan)
Karen E. Smith

Semilinear hyperbolic systems
Freda Porter

Abstract algebra: rings, groups, and fields
Emmy Noether

First female math professor, first Nigerian woman with PhD
Grace Alele Williams

Theory of differential equations
Sonya Kovalevsky

