The Six Base Cases of Russian Nouns

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The Six Base Cases of Russian Nouns
2012-05-07 16:07:36
Russian Cases Nouns

Describe and explain the six cases for Russian nouns.
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  1. The Nominative Case
    Ex) Студент читает - The student is reading.
    • This case answers the question "who" or "what". This is the inital form of a word. All dictionaries give nouns in hte nomative case.
    • cтудент --> cтудент (no change)
  2. The Genitive Case
    Ex) берег реки - the bank of the river
    • This case is used to show that something (somebody) belongs or refers to something (somebody). It can be translated by "of" in English.
    • река --> реки (the ending -a becomes -и)
  3. The Dative Case
    Ex) Я иду к врачу - I go to the doctor
    Ex) Я даю это другу - I give it to the friend
    • This designates that something is given or addressed to the person (object).
    • врач --> врачу (the ending -у is added)
    • друг --> другу
  4. The Accusative Case
    Ex) Я читаю газету - I read the newspaper
    Ex) Я встретил друга - I met the friend
    • This case designates the object of an action.
    • газета --> газету (the ending -а becomes -у)
    • друг --> друга (the ending -а is added)
  5. The Instrumental Case
    Ex) Я пишу карандашом - I write with a pencil
    • This case is used to deonote an instrument that helps to make something.
    • карандаш --> карандашом (the ending -ом is added)
  6. The Prepositional Case
    Ex) Она мечтает о лете - She dreams about the summer
    Ex) Цветы стоят на столе - The flowers are on the table
    • This case is used to designate a place, or a person (object) that is an object of speech and thought. This case is always used with a preposition.
    • лето --> лете (the ending -о becomes -е)
    • стол --> столе (the ending -е is added)