English short story stuff
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- Reflects only what he feels, thinks; subjective and intimate.
- Usually main character/protagonist
gives readers some distance and objectivity
third person omniscient
narrator can get inside the mind of all characters
third person limited
narrator can get inside the mind of only one character
third person objective/dramatic
narrator is an observer only, cannot get inside any character
Narrator's atttitude (tone) can be expressed:
- as a general tone for hte story
- toward situations in the story
- toward other characters
- toward the setting
what are stock settings?
stereotypical settings, the expected (Western, fairy tale, etc.)
What creates the mood?
quickly sums up the events so the plot can move ahead
narrator stretches out the description of a moment, sometimes for longer than its real time actuality allowing readers to participate more directly in the experience
allows writers to give past history and sugggest how past events influence current actions
allows writers to show how future events will proceed from the current moment
What method of time movement is evident in A Midsummer Night's Dream?
story within a story
mimics a real person (believable)
relates to the theme of the work
image, character type, story pattern that occurs frequently in all lit
What is meaning?
Effect on the reader as the reader discovers what/how/whom/why (it) happens
What creates conflict?
A juxtaposition of motives
What is resolution?
- Conflict is resolve or purposely not resolve
- some response to the climax of the conflict
- a physical end for the story
What is an epiphany?
A grand, felt moment by a character when he/she makes a major, life-altering realization that changes the perspective of the story
a subtle thought
resolution coming at the end of falling action, end result
grand, felt moment
an action that triggers understanding
a character's current state of balance, equilibrium
Poe's Aesthetic Theory of Effect
- Unity of effect or impression
- Subordinate characters, plot, style and tone to bring about the intended preconceived effect
- The prose tale can be used for a great variety of these effects
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