English short story stuff

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English short story stuff
2012-05-07 16:54:43
English short story stuff

English short story stuff
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  1. First person
    • Reflects only what he feels, thinks; subjective and intimate.
    • Usually main character/protagonist
  2. Third person
    gives readers some distance and objectivity
  3. third person omniscient
    narrator can get inside the mind of all characters
  4. third person limited
    narrator can get inside the mind of only one character
  5. third person objective/dramatic
    narrator is an observer only, cannot get inside any character
  6. Narrator's atttitude (tone) can be expressed:
    • as a general tone for hte story
    • toward situations in the story
    • toward other characters
    • toward the setting
  7. what are stock settings?
    stereotypical settings, the expected (Western, fairy tale, etc.)
  8. What creates the mood?
  9. Summary
    quickly sums up the events so the plot can move ahead
  10. Scenic
    narrator stretches out the description of a moment, sometimes for longer than its real time actuality allowing readers to participate more directly in the experience
  11. Flashback
    allows writers to give past history and sugggest how past events influence current actions
  12. Flash-forward
    allows writers to show how future events will proceed from the current moment
  13. What method of time movement is evident in A Midsummer Night's Dream?
    story within a story
  14. Mimetic character
    mimics a real person (believable)
  15. Thematic
    relates to the theme of the work
  16. synthetic
    plot mover
  17. archetypes
    image, character type, story pattern that occurs frequently in all lit
  18. What is meaning?
    Effect on the reader as the reader discovers what/how/whom/why (it) happens
  19. What creates conflict?
    A juxtaposition of motives
  20. What is resolution?
    • Conflict is resolve or purposely not resolve
    • some response to the climax of the conflict
    • a physical end for the story
  21. What is an epiphany?
    A grand, felt moment by a character when he/she makes a major, life-altering realization that changes the perspective of the story
  22. realization
    a subtle thought
  23. denouement
    resolution coming at the end of falling action, end result
  24. epiphany
    grand, felt moment
  25. gesture
    an action that triggers understanding
  26. statis
    a character's current state of balance, equilibrium
  27. Poe's Aesthetic Theory of Effect
    • Unity of effect or impression
    • Subordinate characters, plot, style and tone to bring about the intended preconceived effect
    • The prose tale can be used for a great variety of these effects