Sociology: Mod 2
Card Set Information
Sociology: Mod 2
________ is/are the language, beliefs, values, norms, and material objects of a group that are passed from one generation to the next.
The practice of people forming a line while waiting to buy tickets instead of pushing people aside is an example of
Jewelry, art, buildings, and machines are examples of
The tendency to use our own group's ways of doing things as a yardstick for judging others is
Trying to understand a culture on its own terms is known as
Nonmaterial culture is sometimes referred to as
useful shorthand ways of giving messages without using words.
In language, each word is
________ must be present if a group of people is to have a culture.
The gold medal placed around the first-place swimmer's neck at the Olympics is an example of a
Expectations or rules about behavior are known as
_______ are norms that are NOT strictly enforced.
A ________ society is made up of many different groups.
________ are one example of a counterculture in America.
Which core value in U.S. society underscored the American Revolution?
Racism in America is an example of a(n)
American society contains
thousands of subcultures.
What is the best example of an emerging value in America today?
an emphasis on leisure
The emerging U.S. value cluster focused on leisure, self-fulfillment, and physical fitness has come about because
many Americans now retire at an age when they anticipate decades of life ahead of them.
The glorification of academic progress in a culture where most people don't work as hard as they could in school is an example of
Real culture is
the norms and values that people actually follow.
It is important for sociologists to study ________ because it sets the framework for a group's nonmaterial culture.
When not all parts of a culture change at the same pace, it is called
Cultural diffusion is the process by which
groups adopt technology or nonmaterial culture from other groups.
Finding McDonald's restaurants in various countries with different cultures is an example of
________ is another name for our social environment and contact with others.
share the exact same genetic heredity.
In their research study, what did Skeels and Dye introduce to the children at the orphanage?
The phrase "Society makes us human" refers to
Charles Horton Cooley coined the term "looking-glass self" to describe
how our sense of self develops from interaction with others.
The development of a generalized other refers to one’s perception of how ________ think of us.
people in general
According to Mead, the first way children learn to take the role of the other is through
The team games stage of role taking occurs
after age 6 or 7.
Taking the role of others is essential if we are to
become cooperative members of human groups.
During the sensorimotor stage of development,
understanding is limited to direct contact
________ was interested in how humans develop their abilities to reason.
During the formal operational stage of reasoning, the child is
capable of abstract thinking.
Who is considered the founder of psychoanalysis?
According to Freud, when the superego gets out of hand
people become overly rigid in following the norms of society.
According to Freud, each child is born with a(n)
Sociologists maintain that both the mind and emotions depend on
Our __________ are the first significant others who show us how to follow the gender map.
Neighborhood, religion, day care, school, and peers are
agents of socialization
Lara Croft, the fictional, adventure-seeking archaeologist, is seen by some as
a new gender image.
Religious ideas so pervade U.S. society that they provide the foundation of ________ for both the religious and nonreligious.
Resocialization is the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors to match a person's
new situation in life.
The concept of a life course has sociological significance because passing through different life stages affects a person's
behavior and attitudes.
is a social invention, and was not recognized until the early 1900s.
Transitional ____________is described as a time when young adults gradually ease into adult responsibilities.
A fundamental reorientation in thinking that takes place during the later middle years is
a shift from measuring one's time since birth to time left to live.