FMA 2001 Exam 2

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  1. Iris opening of a lens; usually measured in f-stops.
  2. The ratio of the width of the television screen to
    its height.
    aspect ratio
  3. aspect ratio of standard tv (STV)
  4. aspect ratio of HDTV
  5. to preset a zoom lens to keep in focus thru out the zoom
    calibrate the zoom lens
  6. portable camera with built-in VTR
  7. image-sensing element that translates optical image into video signal; chip
    Charge-coupled device (CCD)
  8. object or prt of one seen at close range and framed tightly. can be extreme or loose
    close-up (CU)
  9. building intensified screen event from carefully selected and juxtaposed shots. does not need to adhere to continuity principles
    complexity editing
  10. graphic vectors extend each other; ndex and mltion vectors point and move in same direction
    continuing vectors
  11. preserving visual continuity from shot to shot
    continuity editing
  12. index and motin vectors that point toward eachother
    converging vectors
  13. similar to OTS shot, except that camera-near person is copletely out of shot
    cross-shot (X/S)
  14. shot of an object or event that is peripherally connected with the overall event and that is relatively static. commonly used to intercut btwn two shots in which screen direction reversed
  15. area in which all objects, locatec at different distances from csmera, appear in focus. depends primarily on focal length of lens, f-stops, and distance from camera to object.
    depth of field
  16. index and motion vectors point away from each other
    diverging vectors
  17. highly portable, self-contained camera for electronic news gathering (ENG) or electronic field production
    ENG/EFP camera
  18. scale on lens indicating aperture. the larger the number, the smaller the aperture and vis versa
  19. A lens that permits a relatively great amount of light to pass through at its largest aperture (lowest f-stop number). Can be used in low-light conditions.
    fast lens
  20. The portion of a scene visible through a particular lens; its vista. Expressed in symbols, such as CU for close-up.
    field of view
  21. With the lens set at infinity, the distance from the iris to the plane where the picture is in focus. Normally measured in millimeters (mm) or inches.
    focal length
  22. The space between the top of the head and the upper screen edge.
  23. Adjustable lens-opening mechanism. Also called lens diaphragm.
  24. Frame-by-frame advancement of videotape, resulting in a jerking motion.
  25. An image that jumps slightly from one screen position to another during a cut. Also, any gross visual discontinuity from shot to shot.
    jump cut
  26. The space in front of a laterally moving object or person.
  27. Object seen from far away or framed very loosely. The extreme long shot shows the object from a great distance. Also called establishing shot.
    long shot (LS)
  28. Object seen from a medium distance. Covers any framing between a long shot and a close-up.
    medium shot (MS)
  29. Tells us where things are or are supposed to be onand off-screen.
    mental map
  30. The space in front of a person looking or pointing toward the edge of the screen.
    nose room
  31. Camera looks over the camera near person's shoulder (shoulder and back of head included in shot) at the other person.
    over-the-shoulder shot (O/S)
  32. Any production activity that occurs after the production. Usually refers to either video editing and/or audio sweetening.
  33. Preparation of all production details
  34. The actual activities in which an event is videotaped and/or televised
  35. Mentally filling in missing visual information that will lead to a complete and stable configuration. Also called closure.
    psychological closure
  36. A lens that permits a relatively small amount of light to pass through (relatively high f-stop number at its largest aperture). Can be used only in well-lighted areas
    slow lens
  37. A directional screen force that leads viewer's eye from point to point. There are graphic, index, and motion vectors
  38. An imaginary line created by extending converging index vectors or the direction of a motion vector; established by two people facing each other or thru movement in a particular direction
    vector line
  39. A small video monitor on a camera that displays the picture the camera generates
  40. Indicates screen depth. Extends from camera lens to horizon
  41. To change the focal length of the lens through the use of a zoom control while the camera remains stationary
  42. Variable-focal-length lens. All video cameras are equipped with
    zoom lens
  43. How much the focal length can be changed from a wide shot to a close-up during a zoom. The zoom range is stated as a ratio, such as 20:1. Also called zoom ratio
    zoom range
  44. basic parts of camera
    lens, imaging device, viewfinder
  45. ____ ____ has variable focal length
    zoom lens
  46. short focal length
    wide angle lens
  47. long focal length
    narrow angle lens
  48. zoomed out
    wide angle
  49. zoomed in
    narrow angle
  50. focal length decreases when
    zoom out
  51. aperture based on
  52. larger iris opening
    small f-stop #
  53. small iris opening
    larger f-stop #
  54. larger f-stop #
    less light transmitted
  55. auto iris can cause problems in
    high contrast
  56. opening lens
    lower f-stop #
  57. makes subject in foreground very short and clear
    setting distance to short distance
  58. entire z-axis is in focus
    great depth of field
  59. shrinks depth of field
    larger aperture
  60. use short focal length and small aperature and position object far from cam to acheive
    great depth of field
  61. shallow depth of field
    narrow angle lens
  62. shift focus from one object to another in continuous shot
    rack focus
  63. need shallow depth of field and narrow angle lens position
    rack focus
  64. everything in focus
    deep focus
  65. exerts strong magnetic pull
    edge of frame
  66. creates stable calming image
    level horizon
  67. creates unstable anxious image
    vertical lines
  68. what to include in image and what to leave out
    piucture composition
  69. need adequate head room and visual cures for closure in off screen space
    close ups
  70. positioning objects along z-axis creates
    picture depth
  71. distance btwn objects increases
    wide angle lens
  72. distance btwn objects compressed, god for crowd scenes
    narrow angle lens
  73. makes z-axis look expanded in shot
    wide angle lens
  74. can be lateral along frame or "coming at you" along z-axis (more dynamic)
  75. give subject lots of lead room
    lateral motion
  76. move camera toward or away from subject in straight line, viewer goes toward event
  77. event moves toward viewer
  78. moving camera laterally to follow subject
  79. swiveling camera from side to side
  80. point cam up/down
  81. moves cam up and down on moving pedestal
  82. 10 Film History eras
    • • Early Cinema (1893-1903)
    • • Development of the Classical Hollywood Cinema (1908-1927)
    • • German Expressionism (1919-1926)
    • • French Impressionism and Surrealism (1918-1930)
    • • Soviet Montage (1924-1930)
    • • Classical Hollywood Cinema After the Coming of Sound
    • • Italian Neorealism (1924-1951)
    • • The French New Wave (1959-1964)
    • • New Hollywood and Independent Filmmaking
    • • Hong Kong Cinema: 1980s-1990s
  83. control of light and shadow
  84. precise beams, hard shadows (ex: headlights, flashlight)
    directional light
  85. generalized illumination, soft or transparent shadows
    diffused light
  86. cannot be separated from object
    attached shadows
  87. bring out form and texture, due to directional lighting, must control focus of light source
    attached shadows
  88. produced when light hitting object throws shadow onto another object. seen independent of object
    cast shadow
  89. degree of change from light to shadow
  90. light areas change abruptly into shadow areas, with great contrast
    fast falloff
  91. used for dark mood or emotion, hard to see details
    fast falloff
  92. indicates very gradual change from light to dark, with minimal contrast; hides wrinkles
    slow falloff
  93. occurs when the light intensity is uniform
    no falloff
  94. amount of light that falls on an object; measured in foot candles or lux
    light intensity
  95. 1 foot candle (american)
    10 lux
  96. foot candles X 10
  97. overall light intensity
  98. difference between the lightest and the darkest parts of an image; measured in terms of ratio
  99. ideal contrast ratio for video
  100. contrast ratio of sunny day
  101. Measures incident and reflective light
    Light meter
  102. relative reddishness or bluishness of white light
    Color temperature
  103. Measured in degrees Kelvin
    color temperature
  104. 5600 k, bluish color
    outdoor light
  105. 3200 k, reddish color
    indoor light
  106. need to balance what every time you shoot in a different lighting environment
    white balance
  107. converts 5600 to 3200
    orange gels
  108. converts 3200 to 5600
    light blue gels
  109. for dominant light source
  110. components of triangle lighting
    key, back, fill
  111. triangle lighting standard for
    TV production
  112. Reveals the basic shape of the object
    Key light
  113. Outlines the subject against the background and gives the hair shine and sparkle, should match intensity of the key light
    Back light
  114. Illuminates shadow areas left by the key light; can be used to eliminate shadows
    fill light
  115. selecting certain details of an event and putting them in a certain order; can condense an event to its essence
  116. the combine shorts into a proper sequence
    simplest form of editing
  117. way to monitor sound while in production
    volume unit (VU)
  118. can continue, converge, or divurge
    Motion and index vectors
  119. if _________ crossed, mental map upset
    vector line (180 line)
  120. to hide jump cuts
    use cutaways
  121. cut where?
    at beginning of action
  122. slight adjustments to edits
Card Set:
FMA 2001 Exam 2
2012-05-08 03:57:17
FMA 2001 camera production film

stuff for my final
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