GCSE History

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GCSE History
2012-05-08 07:01:13
how why did America achieve prosperity part three

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  1. during the 1920's the average pay of industrial workers :
  2. Much of the extra income was
    spent on consumer goods . This also helped buisness to boom . The supply of electricity became widespread and this led to the growth in the demand for electrical goods such as radios , vacuum cleaners , irons and refrigerators
  3. like cars , radios , vacuum cleaners , irons and refrigerators were
    mass produced and so the price was kept low
  4. by 1929 ..... million homes had radios
  5. over ...... thousand people bought refrigerators. As more of these goods were sold , more jobs were created
  6. by 1929 more than ..... milion people owned shares
  7. there was a great deal of confidence in Anmerica at this time which meant that
    buisnessmen were willing to invest in new products and new ideas and take risks
  8. The American public had the confidence to spen their money and buy goods on credit , which helped to
    create more demand and fuel the upward spiral of prosperity . Many peopl thought the boom would continue indefinately
  9. for many people the 1920's were exciting years , often called the ....... ..... or the ..... ..... . after suffering the great war , many americans simply wanted to enjoy themselves . cheap motorcars and other consumer goods helped
    • roaring twenties
    • jazz age
  10. women gained fae greater ...... in the 1920's . they were given the right to vote in ....... . the boom years of the 1920's gave women greater ..... ..... . ...... .... freed women from many domestic chores . They were also starting ty hasve greater ..... freedom . During the war women had traditionally done jobs which had traditrionally belonged to ..... . Now they bagan to want the same freedom as men . Young women , ....... , rebelled against the ...... and ...... , which their parents tried to impose on them
    • freedom
    • 1920
    • job opportunities
    • household gadgets
    • social
    • men
    • flappers
    • fashions
    • behaviour
  11. flappers
    • cut their hair short
    • wore makeup and short dresses
    • smoked in public
    • went tp parties and dances with men without chaperones
  12. there were many objections from the older people to the flappers and an
    "anti-flirt league" was set up by worried mothers . However they failed to change their behaviour
  13. ....... became a major industry in prosperous America
  14. the film industry ..... .... , its centre being ......
    • grew
    • hollywood
  15. cinemas were built in ...... ..... to show the films
    large numbers
  16. many dance halls were built as
    new dances became increasingly popular
  17. also .... ..... , especially ....... , became popular . All these provided many new jobs
    • spectator sports
    • baseball
  18. the young were able to listen and dance to ne forms of music . ....... was the most popular music of the 19120's with usicans like .... ..... , ....... .... and ....... making big money out of nightclu performances and from records . ...... and ...... brought this music into American homes . new dances went with new music . the ...... , ..... .... , ..... .... and ..... replaced dances like the waltz
    • jazz
    • louis armstrong
    • benny goodman
    • fats waller
    • radios
    • charleston , black bottom , heebie jeebies , tango
    • records
  19. in search for fun millions of people went in for
  20. crazes included
    • mah-jong
    • marathon dances
    • there were also competitions to see how long people could sit on a flagpole
    • shipwrech kelly was the champion , setting a record of 23 days sitting on a flag pole
  21. the 1920's was a golden age for sport . vast crowds would attend baseball matches , ...... tournaments and ..... contests . some of the greatest American sportsmen of all time including ....... .... in baseball and ...... .... in golf became famous in the 1920's
    • golf
    • boxing
    • babe ruth
    • bobby jones
  22. the greatest hero of this decade was
    Charles Lindebergh
  23. why was Charles Lindebergh famous
    because in 1927 he made the first non-stop flight across the Atlantic in a small one-engined plane called "spirit of st.louis"
  24. within a week Charles Lindebergh recieved ...... thousand telegrams and ...... .. ... letters . he was given a .....-.... welcome during a victory parade through new york , when ....... tonnes of paper fell on the streets along the route
    • 75
    • half a million
    • ticker-tape
    • 1,800
  25. the ....... was the most popular form of enertainment . performers like ..... .... , ...... .... and ...... ... became film stars
    • cinema
    • mary pickford
    • douglas fairbanks
    • rudolph valentino
  26. comedians like .... .... and ..... .... became household names . fan magazines and newspaper stories gave minute details their lives . their hairstyles and fashions were copied
    • buston keaton
    • charlie chaplin
  27. until 1927 films were ...... . In that year the first ever talking film came out called the ..... ..... . soon all films were .... and the popularity of the cinema increased .
    • silent
    • jazz singer
    • talkies
  28. in 1927 ..... million people went to the cinema . by 1929 the number had increased to ...... million
    • 60
    • 110
  29. the film industry was not without critics . films were said to
    encourage crime and to glamouriose violence . Others argued that the cinema was Americas greatest contribution to the arts
  30. define laissez faire
    the republican belief that the government should let buisnesses grow without interference and without putting high tazes on buisnessmen
  31. define mass production
    producing goods on a large scale , producing the quickly by usinng standardisation and an assembly line
  32. define standardisation
    the methods that keeps the cost of making goods low by by keeping all the products of the same goods the same
  33. define consumer goods
    goods that most people have
  34. define stock exchange
    the place wehere stocks and shares are bought and sold
  35. define monopoly
    a situation in which a single company owns all or nearly all of the market for a given type of product or service . This means that the single company can operate without competition
  36. define trusts
    a financial agreement in which an organisation looks after and invests money for somebody
  37. define sharecroppers
    farm workers , who didnt get paid a wage , instead when the harves came in they got money from the harvest
  38. define chaperone
    a person who accompanies and looks after another person
  39. define flappers
    fashionable young women who were intent on enjoying themselves and flouting conventional stands of behaviour