GCSE History

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  1. in America there were certainly areas of wealth e.g. in the north eastern industrial cities of :
    • chicago
    • detroit
    • new york
    • texas
    • calafornia
  2. there were however , great numbers of poor people in the USA . A survey in 1929 showed that .....% of all American families had an income less than ....... a year which was believed to be the minimum needed to provide food and housing
    • 60
    • 2,000
  3. in 1929 the average monthly earnings of a famer in south Carolina was
  4. in 1929 the average monthly earnings of a town worker in south Carolina was $
  5. in 1929 the average monthly earnings of a town worker in new york was $
  6. in 1929 the average monthly earnings of a fruit farmer in Calafornia was $
  7. there were regional differences as the south (Mississippi , Florida , Oklahoma , Tennesse ) was generally
    backward and poor with highest , unemployment , poverty , ilness and malnutrition . Incomes in the southeast were generally lowest
  8. in the USA in th 1920's there was an
    uneven distribution of wealth
  9. which groups did not share in the prosperity
    • workers in older industries such as textiles and mining
    • farmers
    • sharecroppers
    • African-Americans
    • Immigrants
  10. why did the coal industry suffer
    it faced competition from , oil , gas and electricity so many miners lost their jobs and wages were forced down
  11. why did the textile industry suffer
    because shorter clothes came in fashion (flapper girls) so not as much cloth was needed . the protectionism policy of putting high tarrifs on foreign imports meant that the textile industry lost her overseas markets in Japan and India . Also artificial fibres were replacing cotton . Prices fell ; unemployment rose and many mills went bankrupt
  12. the unhappiness of the workers was shown in the fact that there were strikes by both coal and textile workers in the 1920's . in ..... coal miners in North Carolina went on strike to protest about the fact that men were paid $..... and women $.... for a .... week when $.... was considered to be the minimum for a decent life . the strike however did not suceed
    • 1928
    • 18
    • 9
    • 70
    • 48
  13. farmers suffered during he 1920's . Farmers had done well out of the war , but in the 1920's the prices of farm produce fell . there were two main reasons for the farmers problems . these were :
    • overproduction of crops
    • competition
  14. farmers were overprodsucing crops because
    they had new machinery , such as tractors and combine harvesters , which meant that they were producing too much food , more than the US market could take
  15. The USA farming industry faced competition from
    gain producers like Canada in the world market and so not enough food could be exported
  16. the farming industry also suffered because other countries retaliated tp the
    tariffs imposed by the USA , and imposed their own tariffs in US goods . Therefore the US farmer were left with surplus food .
  17. what did the famers do to try and stop their industry from suffering and what was the result of their actions
    farmers tried to keep uop their incomes by growing even more food , but this led to evenb lower prices . The bigger the surplus , the lower the prices fell . Thousands of farmers tried to get out of their difficulties by borrowing money from their banks . Farmers took out money worth $2000 million during the 1920's . this only made the problems worst because as their incomes continued to drop , they could not afford to repay their mortgages. When that happened banks ended their mortgages and threw them off their land . By 1929 , millions of farmers had been evicted from thier lands
  18. sharecroppers are the
    people who worked on farms. they did nort get a wage , but at the end of the year they got a share of the farmers profits , so were called sharecroppers
  19. why did sharecroppers suffer
    because they were reliant on the farmers income for a wage . their wage fluctuated . as farmers incomes fell , they cut the income of their labourers . as farming suffered many sharecroppers were forced tp leave the land and go to vities for work or west farms in Calafornia
  20. African Americans did not share in the properity of the 1920's . ...... million African Americans lived in the USA and ...... of them lived in the southern states where they were either ..... or ...... they usually had to make do with the ..... paid jobs , ..... working conditions and ..... housing
    • 11.9
    • 0.75
    • labourers
    • sharecroppers
    • lowest
    • worst
    • slum
  21. ........ ..... of a million black farm workers lost their jobs in the 1920's . Many of them made the journey to the .... (such as detroit or chicago) . some were looking for .... whilst others were trying to escape ...... and ...... that they suffered in the south . by the end of the decade ....% of blacks were living in northern cities. In these cities blacks had greater opportunities than in the south but they still faced discrimination .......% of all black women in the northern city of Milwaukee worked as .... .... .... ... in white households. Car factories hired blacks in ...... numbers ; many operated in an all white policy . Blacks in these cities tended to live in .... .... and faced great prejudice if they tried to move out of this into a white area
    • three quarters
    • north
    • worth
    • predjudicde
    • discrimination
    • 25
    • 60
    • low paid domestic servants
    • small
    • racial ghettoes
  22. however not all black people suffered . in both ..... and .... ... there was a small growing black middle class who set up thier own buisness. the popularity of jazz music made etertainers like louis armstrong rich and famous . ..... ..... the son of a former ....was able to go to uni , achieving a law degree . however as a black he found it almost impossible to earn a living as a ..... so he went into .... and ..... , becoming one of America's best known entertainers
    • chicago
    • new york
    • paul robeson
    • slave
    • lawyer
    • acting
    • singing
  23. there was a lot of racial prejudice in the USA in the 1920's so
    immigrants suffered from discrimination and many lived in poverty . there were very few job opportunities for them
  24. .... , ...... .... , ...... and other recent immigrants were people at the bottom of the wage scale . all were usually last hired and the first hirex and performed menial jobs
    • Mexicans
    • Puerto Ricans
    • Asiand
  25. mexicans were employed as
    cheap labour on Californian farms
  26. The 1920's saw the rich getting ..... and the poor getting ...
    • richer
    • poorer
  27. in 1926 it was reported that there were over ...... millionaires in the USA . this included :
    • 200
    • Ford
    • Rockefeller
    • Vanderbilt
    • JP Morgan
  28. less than ...% paid .....% of all income tax , whereas .....% of the population did not make enough money to pay any income tax at all . this shows that :
    • 1
    • 95
    • 82
    • huge wealth was in the hands of very few people
  29. wealthy people had a
    lavish lifestyle , wearing new fashions , owning cars and filling their homes with consumer goods
  30. poor people rarely went to the new department stores that were opening up . instead they :
    preferred to go to the local shop , where the owner knew them and might give them credit
  31. although the poor were ver poor they did
    join the movie craze , spending whatever they could afford on movies . there were hundreds of cinemas in the big cities , showing 4 films a day . It cost 10 or 20 cents to go to the cheaper cinemas . poor people also enjoyed listening to the radio , but they often did not own one , so had to go tp neighbours or shops to listen
  32. define uneven distribution of wealth
    the poor were very poor and the rich were very rich
  33. define prosperity
    to have wealth
  34. define overproduction
    it is when too many goods are made compared to demand , there are surpluses of the products
  35. define mortgage
    money borrowed by people that is usually repaid in installments every month along with interest . Money is borrowed by banks . they are usually on houses and if the mortgage isnt paid the house can be possesed
  36. define discrimination
    to make somebody feel they are privalaged over somebody else and to treat people unevenly
  37. what is a ghetto
    a slum area where particular groups of people live due to particular circumstances such as racism
  38. define middle class
    people who have average wages , who have money available to spend
  39. define menial jobs
    low paid jobs , that not many people want to do , they are basic unskilled jobs that are often done by people who are facing discrimination
Card Set:
GCSE History
2012-05-08 18:07:38
how far was USA divided society 1920

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