Unit 2 Vocab

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AlexisNapoli
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152964
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Unit 2 Vocab
Updated:
2012-05-08 15:48:09
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reading vocab
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definitions and examples
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  1. Circumvent
    (sur-kem-vent)
    -verb
    -to avoid, prevent, escape from.

    ex: I had to swerve to the right to circumvent a hug pothole.
  2. Cohesive
    (ko-he-siv)
    -adjective
    -sticking or holding together, connected, unified

    ex: A family needs to be cohesive- to stay together even when stresses and strains threaten to tear it apart.
  3. Grievous
    (grev-es)
    -adjective
    -causing grief or pain, terrible

    ex: The assassination of a great leader, such as Mahatma Gandhi or Martin Luther King Jr. often does grievous harm to a society.
  4. Inundate
    (in-un-dat)
    -verb
    - to floodm cover, overwhelm

    ex: During the heavy rains the river overflowe and inundated the fields, destroying all the crops.
  5. Oblivious
    (e-bliv-e-es)
    -adjective
    - unaware, failing to notice

    ex: The driver continued into the intersection, apparently oblivious to the fact that the light turned red.
  6. Reticent
    (ret-i-sent)
    -adjective
    -quiet uncommunicative; reluctant to speak out

    ex: It's od that many people who love to gossip about someone else are so reticent about their own lives.
  7. Robust
    (ro-bust)
    -adjective
    -healthy and strong; vigorous

    ex: Once energetic, robust man, Mr. Rand has been considerably weakened by illness.
  8. Sanction
    (sangk-shen)
    -verb
    -to authorize, allow, or approve

    ex: The principal wouldn't sanction the use of the gym for an after school dance club, even though one of the teachers agreed to be in charge of it.
  9. Vociferous
    (vo-sif-er-se)
    - adjective
    - loud, noisy

    ex: The baseball player's protest was vociferous-he stamped his feet and screamed at the umpire.
  10. Attrition
    (e-trish-en)
    -noun
    - a natural loss of individuals

    ex: Sport teams are constantly looking for new talent to replace players lost through attrition- those who retire, quit because of injuries, and so on.
  11. Bolster
    (bol-ster)
    -verb
    - to hold up, strengthen, reinforce, support.

    ex: The front porch was sagging so we had to bolster it with cinder blocks until it could be repaired.
  12. Depreciate
    (di-pre-she-at)
    -verb
    - to lower in value

    ex: As soon as you drive a new car off the lot, it depreciates; it's immeditally worth less than you paid for it.
  13. Indiscriminate
    (in-di-skrim-i-nit)
    -adjective
    -not selective; not chosen carefully

    ex: Some people end up hopelessly in debt because of indiscriminate spending, so be selective about what and how much you buy.
  14. Inquisitive
    (in-kwiz-e-tiv)
    -adjective
    curious, eager to learn, questioning

    ex: Small children are naturally inquisitive. They wonder about the world around then, and they are constantly asking "Why?"
  15. Nebulous
    (neb-ye-les)
    -adjective
    -vague, unclear; indefinite

    ex: "A good essay cannot be nebulous," The English instructor explained. "It must contain sharp, precise details."
  16. Relegate
    (rel-e-gat)
    -verb
    -to send, to assign to a less important position.

    ex: At family gatherings, we kids were always relegated to the kitchen table, while the adults ate in the dining room.
  17. Replete
    (ri-plet)
    -adjective
    - filled, plentifully supplied

    ex: The show was replete with dazzling effect, including gorgeous scenery, glittering costumes, dramatic lighting, and thrilling music.
  18. Sedentary
    (sed-n-ter-e)
    -adjective
    - marked by much sitting

    ex: People in sedentary occupations such as bus drivers and writers, need to make a special effort to exercise.
  19. Tenet
    (ten-it)
    -noun
    - a belief or principle

    ex: One of the basic tenets of democracy is freedom of speech.
  20. Terse
    (turs)
    -adjective
    - short; brief and clear

    ex: I was hurt by Roberto's terse response to my invitation all he said was "No thanks."
  21. Clandestine
    (klan-des-tin)
    -adjective
    -secert; kept hidden

    ex: The famous "Underground Railroal" was not an actual railroad; it was a clandestine network that took escaped slaves to safety in the years before the civil war.
  22. Contingency
    (ken-tin-jen-se)
    -noun
    - a possibility

    ex: Faye thought her company night transfer her to another city. With that contingency in mind, she decided to rent a house rather that buy one.
  23. Egocentric
    (e-go-sen-trik)
    -adjective
    - self-centere, seeing everything in terms of oneself

    ex: Denise is completely egocentric. Whatever event takes place, she thinks only of how it will affect her personally.
  24. Exonerate
    (eg-zon-er-at)
    -verb
    - to be found not guilty

    ex: Saul was suspected of shoplifting, but he was exonerated when the hidden camera's photos clearly showed another man taking handfuls of DVD's from a rack and stuffing them into his backpack.
  25. Incongruous
    (in-kong-grou-es)
    -adjective
    -contradictory; out of place; inconsistent.

    ex: It wasn't really incongruous for former general to join the peace movement. He had seen the horrors of war.
  26. Indigenous
    (in-dij-e-nes)
    -adjective
    - native

    ex: Kangaroos are indigenous only to Australia. They have never been found living anywhere else in the world.
  27. Liability
    (li-e-bil-e-te)
    -noun
    -a handicap; disadvantage; drawback

    ex: My shyness with strangers would be a liability in any job that involve meeting the public, such as sales.
  28. Prolific
    (pro-lif-ik)
    -adjective
    -fertile; creating abundantly

    ex: Rabbits deserve, their reputation for being prolific. A female rabbit can produce three families each summer.
  29. Reinstate
    (re-in-stat)
    -verb
    - to put back; to restore to a previous position or condition

    ex: The college had canceled the course in folklore, but the demand was so great that the class had to be reinstated.
  30. Superfluous
    (soo-pur-floo-es)
    -adjective
    - unnecessary; extra, beyond what is needed

    ex: Lately, business at the store has heen so slow that the there clerks have almost nothing to do. Two of them seem superfluous.
  31. Austere
    (o-stir)
    -adjective
    -very plain; severely simple

    ex: Ms. Stone's appearance was austere. She wore plain, dark-colored clothing with no jewelry and she never used make up.
  32. Esoteric
    (es-e-ter-ik)
    -adjective
    -difficult to understand, understoo by only a certain group.

    ex: The instruction manuals that come with computer software often us such esoteric terms that they seem to be written in a foreign language.
  33. Facsimile
    (fak-sim-e-le)
    -noun
    -an accurate copy, exact copy

    ex: The word fax is short for facsimile. With a fax machine, you can send a precise image of a document across the country electronically in seconds.
  34. Grotesque
    (gro-tesk)
    -adjective
    - strange-looking; distorte shape.

    ex: Most people found the movie character E.T, adorable, but I though the little alien was grotesque, with it's weird combination of babyish features and old wrinkled skin.
  35. Mesmerize
    (mez- me-riz)
    -verb
    to fascinate; hypnotize

    ex: The intense eyes of the woman in the photograph mesmerized me. I couldn't take my eyes off the picture.
  36. Metamorphosis
    (met-e-mor-fesis)
    -noun
    - a change in for, transformation

    ex: A caterpiller's transformation into a butterfly is a well-known example of metamorphosis.
  37. Notorious
    (no-tor-e-es)
    -adjective
    -regard negatively, ill known

    ex: Batman and Robin matched wits with the Joker and The Penguin, who were notorious for their evil deeds.
  38. Perfunctory
    (per-funk-te-re)
    -adjective
    -uninterested; done only as routine.

    ex: the doctor's examination was perfunctory. It seeme to be just going through the motions without taking any interest in the patient.
  39. Provocative
    (pro-vok-e-tiv)
    -adjective
    -attention-getting; arouse interest or curiosity

    ex: "A good essay is provocative," said our English teacher, "It gets the reader interested and attentive, starting with the very first paragraph.
  40. Travesty
    (trav-is-te)
    -noun
    -mockery, joking , disrespectful imitation

    ex: The faternity skit, a travesty of college life, exaggerated and ridiculed many campus activities.
  41. Connoisseur
    (kon-e-sur)
    -noun
    - an authority; expert

    ex: Curtis has broad knowledge of French wines- where they are made, when they are at their best, and exactly how each one tastes. He's a true connoisseur.
  42. Conspiracy
    (ken-spir-e-se)
    -noun
    - secert plot

    ex: Although only Lee Harvey Oswald was arested for the assassination of Presient Kennedy. Many believe there was a conspiracy to kill the President.
  43. Contrite
    (ken-trit)
    -adjective
    - sorry

    ex: Dolores was especially contrite about tearing her sister's dress, because she borrowe it without permission.
  44. Distraught
    (di-strot)
    -adjective
    -upset; distressed, bery troubled

    ex: The parents of the little girl who wandere of in the crowde mall were distraught until she was found.
  45. Germane
    (jer-man)
    -adjective
    -related; issue at hand, relevant

    ex: Stacy went to the law library to look up information that might be germane to her client's case.
  46. Lucid
    (loo-sid)
    -adjective
    -easy to understand, clearly expressed

    ex: I usually fin computer manuals horribly unclear. but this one is lucid.
  47. Plight
    (plit)
    -noun
    -am unfortunate situation

    ex: The plight of the homeless can be smoewhat relieved by decent shelters.
  48. Superficially
    (soo-per-fish-el-le)
    -adverb
    -slightly, not thoroughly

    ex: Nina spent a full week studying for the exam. Joyce, however, reviewed superficially flipping through the pages of her text book an hour before the test.
  49. Symmetrical
    (si-met-ri-kel)
    -adjective
    -balanced

    ex: No one's face is perfectly symmetrical. For example, one eye is usually slightly higher than the other and the left and right sides of the mouth differ.
  50. Verbose
    (ver-bos)
    -adjective
    -wordy

    ex: Gabe is the most verbose person I know. He always uses ten words when one would do.

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