Hebrew - John's study cards

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Author:
jhtw2000
ID:
152965
Filename:
Hebrew - John's study cards
Updated:
2012-05-08 16:00:00
Tags:
comps 2012
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Description:
John's personal study set. Content should be double-checked for accuracy. Resources drawn upon include Brian Rocine's book "Learning Biblical Hebrew."
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  1. In ancient Hebrew, what is the salience scheme for narrative discourse?
    • 1a. Mainline: Wayyiqol
    • 1b. Mainline: Pivotal/climactic event on the mainline: Isolated Weqatal
    • 2. Topicalization: X-qatal
    • 3. Embedded direct speech
    • 4. Relative past background: Qatal in a dependent clause
    • 5. Relative non-past background: Yiqtol in a dependent clause
    • 6. Backgrounded activities: Participle
    • 7. Embedded procedural discourse
    • 8. Transition marker: Wayyiqtol of היה
    • 9. Scene setting: Verbless clause
    • 10. Irrealis scene setting: Negation of any verb by לֹא
    • (Rocine 2000)
  2. In ancient Hebrew, what is the salience scheme for predictive narrative discourse?
    • 1. Mainline: Weqatal
    • 2. Topicalization: X-yiqtol
    • 3. Relative past background: Qatal in a dependent clause
    • 4. Relative non-past background: Yiqtol in a dependent clause
    • 5. Backgrounded activities: Participle
    • 6. Transition marker: Mainline form of היה.
    • 7. Scene setting: Verbless clause
    • 8. Irrealis scene setting: Negation of any verb by לֹא
    • Note: The difference between Predictive Narrative and Instructional Discourse is often elusive. Instructional Discourse has an occasional imperative form. Whereas Predictive Narrative is participant oriented, Instructional Discourse is goal oriented.
    • (Rocine 2000)
  3. In ancient Hebrew, what is the salience scheme for hortatory discourse?
    • 1a. Mainline: Imperative
    • 1b. Mainline: Jussive
    • 1c. Mainline: Cohortative
    • 1d. Mainline: Wequatal (for mitigated hortatory discourse)
    • 2. Topicalization: X-imperative
    • 3. Prohibitive commands: אַל or לֹא-yiqtol
    • 4. Express possibility: Yiqtol
    • 5. Consequence, purpose: Weqatal
    • 6. Consequence, purpose: לֹא or פֶּן + yiqtol
    • 7. Consequence, purpose: Embedded predictive narrative
    • 8. Identification of problem: Embedded historical narrative
    • 9. Backgrounded activities: Participle
    • 10. Scene setting: Verbless clause
    • (Rocine 2000)
  4. Who proposes a different (from Rocine's) analysis of Hebrew hortatory discourse, and what is the analysis?
    • Oakes 2010.
    • Imv-Imv chain focuses on the will of the speaker.
    • Imv-wQ chain focuses on the task to be done.
    • "Social inferiors, with rare exception, do not use the Imv-wQ chain with superiors. The Imv-wQ chain, then, finds use only by social superiors to address inferiors and by social peers to address each other."
    • There are also syntactic differences between the Imv-Imv chains and the Imv-wQ chains.

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