psych final

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psych final
2012-05-08 20:27:29
psych final

psych final
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  1. Piagets theory
    Qualitative Change= the way babies think about the world changes as they mature

    Invariant sequence- all humans go through the same stages in the same order about thinking about the world.

    Stages= sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations
  2. stage 1. of Piaget's theory
    • sensorimotor
    • seome perceptual abilities, reflexes, basic learning mechanisms, organize sensorya nd motor behavior
  3. Stage 2 of Piaget's theory
    • Preoperational. 2-7 y/o
    • Understanding symbols- language, mental imagery, ect
    • Failure to grasp logical reasoning.
    • Egocentrism
  4. Stage 3 of Piaget's theory
    • Concrete Operations. 7-12 y/o
    • Reason logically about concrete objects and events
    • Unable to reason abstractly
  5. Stage 4 of Piaget's theory
    • Formal operations. 12+
    • Can think logically about hypothetical situations
  6. skewed distribution
    • when mean median and mode are not the same.
    • Occurs when there is a large outlier. Averaging the salaries of normal people and factoring in Opera.
  7. Paul Ekman
    started the study of facial expressions
  8. components of language
    • Symbiotic
    • Phonemes- distinguishing speech sound
    • Morphemes- smallest unit of speech
    • Syntax- organization of words
    • Pragmatics- I'm sorry my dog bit you
  9. Thorstein Bevlen
    • the theory of leisure class.
    • Self respect depends on how much neighbors respect you
  10. Phenomenology
    How you feel
  11. Physiology
    what is going on in your body
  12. The Belmont Report
    • Governs research.
    • 1. Respect for Subjects.
    • 2. Beneficiaries
    • 3. Justice
  13. Milgram's Obedience Study
    man kept pushing button to give another an electric shock
  14. Hypothermia at DDachu
    the Nazis did an experiment but it was declared moot because of how it was conducted
  15. Blank Slate
    John Locke thought babies were born as blank slates- only with senses
  16. Visual Acuity
    Able to test what babies know based on what they loook at and for how long.

    • Results
    • 1. Piaget understimated infants cognitive abilities
    • 2. Infants have sophisticated knowledge about objects
    • 3. Infants can understand a lot younger than Piaget thought
  17. microexpression
    showing an emotion for a split second
  18. Anger
    • 1. Causes another to let them know they inflicted a high cost.
    • 2. attempt to change the other persons welfare with yours
  19. Theory of Mind
    Interpret, predict, and explain the actions of others in terms of underlying mental states