Chapter 10 Section 3
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What did the Indian Removal Act of 1830 do?
-allowed gov't agents to "negotiate" treaties to gain indian lands
Why did southern whites want Indian lands? (2)
-found gold on Indian land in GA
-for cotton plantations
-new homeland for Native Americans, which contained most of present-day Oklahoma
How did Jackson feel that Indian Removal was justified? (2)
-removing indians would protect them from conflicts with whites and would help to preserve their culture
-indians were either U.S. citizens, or conquered people- either way they had to obey U.S. law
-an agency created to oversee the federal policy toward Native Americans
Bureau of Indian Affairs
How did the Cherokee attempt to prevent conflicts with the white population and avoid removal?
-they tried to adapt to white culture and get along with whites
What did the Supreme Court rule the case Worcester v. Georgia? (3)
-Tribes had a right to keep their land
-States/National Gov't did not control tribes
-U.S. gov't had to protect these rights
-a Cherokee who used 86 characters to represent Cherokee syllables to create a written language
-lead Fox and Sauk Indians against Indian removal in IL
-Led 2nd Seminole war in FL against Indian removal
What did Jackson do in response to the court's ruling?
-ignored the ruling and enforced Indian Removal
What would you like to do?
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