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Osmotic diuretics act where?
Thiazide diuretics act where?
Loop diuretics act where?
- Osmotic: act on the proximal tubules and the loop of henle
- Thiazide: act on the early distal tubule (potassium excretion increased)
- Loop: act on the ascending loop of henle (potassium excretion increased)
____ diuretics are the most effective.
____ molecules move more easily across cell membranes.
What is the greatest contributor to osmolality?
How is acidosis treated?
Administer infusions of sodium bicarbonate
What are the two ways that alkalosis may be treated?
- Mild cases: Administering sodium chloride concurrently with potassium chloride, increasing renal excretion of bicarbonate
- Hydrochloic Acid and Ammonium Chloride
What is the RDA?
Minimum amount of vitamin or mineral needed to prevent a deficiency in a healthy adult.