Ch. 14 Chem Vocab & Rules

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djkingj212
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153038
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Ch. 14 Chem Vocab & Rules
Updated:
2012-05-08 23:20:06
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Chemistry 14 Vocab Rules
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Rules and definitions of vocab terms for the Ch. 14 test
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  1. acid + metal =
    salt + hydrogen
  2. acid + metallic oxide =
    salt + water
  3. acid + carbonate compound =
    salt + [acid] water + CO2
  4. acid + base =
    salt + water
  5. hydroxide + nonmetallic oxide =
    salt + water
  6. metallic oxide + nonmetallic oxide =
    salt
  7. meatllic oxide + water =
    base
  8. nonmetallic oxide + water =
    acid
  9. 1. aqueous solutions have a sour taste
    2. change color of acid-base indicators
    3. some react w/ metals to release H2
    4. react w/ oppposite = salt + water
    5. conduct an electric current
    acids
  10. an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and one of the more electronegative elements
    binary acid
  11. an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal
    oxyacid
  12. 1. aqueous solutions taste bitter
    2. change the color of acid-base indicators
    3. dilute aqueous solutions feel slippery
    4. react w/ opposite = salt + water
    5. conduct an electric current
    bases
  13. a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solution
    Arrhenius acid
  14. a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution
    Arrhenius base
  15. an acid that ionizes completely in aqeous solution
    strong acid
  16. an acid that releases few hydrogen ions in solution
    weak acid
  17. a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
    Bronstead-Lowry acid
  18. a moleculeor ion that is a proton acceptor
    Bronsted-Lowry base
  19. protons are transferred from one reactant (the acid) to another (the base)
    Bronsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
  20. an acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per molecule
    monoprotic acid
  21. an acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule
    polyprotic acid
  22. an acid that can donate two protons per molecule
    diprotic acid
  23. an acid able to donate three protons per molecule
    triprotic acid
  24. an atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electro pair to form a covalent bond
    Lewis acid
  25. an atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond
    Lewis base
  26. the formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor
    Lewis acid-base reaction
  27. the species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
    conjugate base
  28. the species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton
    conjugate acid
  29. any species that can act as either an acid or a base
    amphoteric
  30. the reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
    neutralization
  31. an ionic compund composed of a cation from a base and an anion form an acid
    salt

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