Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality

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Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
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2012-05-08 23:35:12
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Lecture 10
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  1. An area of philosophy concerned with the meaning of human existence.
    Existentialism
  2. Focuses on the idea of "Being in the world."
    Existentialism
  3. Subjective realities are important to this idea, as were the works of Albert Camus & Jean-Paul Sartre.
    Existentialism
  4. Emphasizes personal worth of the individual and the importance of human values.
    Humanism
  5. Maslow called this the "third force"
    Humanism
  6. Refers to the type of relaitonship in which both people in the relationship appreciate and highlight each other's uniqueness. Both are invested in each other, want to help bring to light the value that the other individual has. Genuine care.
    I-Thou dialogue
  7. A relationship in which you are using the other person. For example, a person who hangs out with someone who is good looking, or because they can help you get ahead in school or life.
    I-It dialogue
  8. From said that this allows us to overcome our isolation but still maintain our individual integrity.
    Love
  9. What did Fromm say that love required?
    Knowledge, effort, experience.
  10. Believed that a mature person transcends ordinary demands of life and creates an active positive identity involving productive, respectful love of others.
    Fromm
  11. This type of therapy focuses on the individual. Very client-centered.
    Rogerian therapy (Carl Rogers)
  12. Rogers believed this was a tendency towards growth and maturation, or "becoming one's self"
    Responsibility
  13. Rogers believed this was the understanding and accepting of many feelings and experiences.
    Experiencing person
  14. Rogerian therapy involves what four factors?
    • 1. Therapist is supportive and nondirective.
    • 2. Therapist is client-oriented.
    • 3. Therapist provides client with unconditional positive regard.
    • 4. Therapist provides empathetic understanding of client's internal frame of reference.
  15. These encourage people to share their common experiences, and are helpful for psychological and physical illness.
    Support Groups
  16. Maslow said that this is the innate process by which one tends to grow spiritually and realize one's potential.
    Self-actualization
  17. What are our five physiological needs?
    • 1. Water
    • 2. Food
    • 3. Sleep
    • 4. Warmth
    • 5. Activity
  18. What are our five safety needs? What do we need security of?
    • 1. Body
    • 2. Employment
    • 3. Resources
    • 4. Family
    • 5. Health
  19. Family, friendship, affection, and intimate relationships are examples of...
    Belongingness and love needs
  20. Achievement, self-esteem, respect of others, and recognition are examples of...
    Esteem needs
  21. If a person helps others, is creative, productive, and has peak experiences, he or she is likely...
    Self-actualized
  22. Maslow used what to measure self-actualization?
    Interviews, observations, projective, biographic studies
  23. This was a self-report questionnaire used by Maslow that captures some aspects of a "healthy" personality
    Personal orientation inventory
  24. What individuals think of their own level of happiness or their quality of life.
    Subjective Well-Being
  25. The movement in modern psychology to focus on positive attributes rather than on pathology.
    Positive Psychology
  26. This explores forces in life such as hope, creativity, wisdom, and spirituality.
    Positive psychology

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