Organic Chem & Functional Groups

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Author:
Radhika316
ID:
153063
Filename:
Organic Chem & Functional Groups
Updated:
2012-05-22 07:40:04
Tags:
Organic Chem Functional Groups
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Description:
Organic Chem
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  1. Phenyl group:
    Benzene ring
  2. Phenol
    Benzene Ring + OH
  3. Benzoic Acid
    Benzene Ring + CO2H
  4. Toluene
    Benzene + CH3
  5. Aniline
    Benzene Ring + NH2
  6. Amines
  7. Alcohols
    Functional group: --OH

    Naming: Indicated Carbon position of OH, add "OL" to alkane base name... don't forget to position any substituient groups :D

    ex: 2-methyl-1-propanol

    • **CYCLOalkanes: don't position the "oh" since it's given that's the 1st carbon.
    • ex: 3-ethylcyclopentanol
  8. Aldehydes:
  9. Ketones:
    • Ending: "one" ex: PentanONE
    • Description: Carbonyl group bonded to two same or different R's
  10. Carboxylic Acids:
    • ending: "OIC ACID" ex: PropanOIC ACID
    • Description: Carbonyl group connected to an R on one side and hydroxyl group on the other (OH)



  11. ETHERS:
    • NAMING: Name substituient groups alphabetically + ETHER

    **NO CARBONYL GROUP: only Oxygen w/o CARBON! **
  12. ESTER:
    • NAMING: ends in "OATE"; ex: PropanOATE

    >>MUST NAME ALCOHOL PART FIRST THEN ACID PART +OATE!!

    ACID GIVES UP OH AND ALCOHOL GIVES UP H!
  13. isopropyl
  14. Isobutyl
    • aka:
  15. tert-butyl
  16. Which functional groups contain a carbonyl group?!
    • Aldehydes
    • Amides
    • Ketones
    • Carboxylic Acids
    • Esters
  17. Uses of:
    Ethanol
    Methanol
    Isopropyl
    Ethylene
    Glycerol
    • Ethanol-drinking
    • Methanol-blind/death
    • Isopropyl-rubbing alchol
    • Ethylene glycol: antifreeze
    • Glycerol: non-toxic sweetner

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