Why did the Renaissance fade?
What took its place?
In Italy its decline started in the early 1500s. The church began to attack the lavish lifestyles of the wealthy and several wars started over Europe.
Italy itself was invaded several times making living as an artist difficult. Many artists, writers and thinkers fled to other countries.
It is generally considered that the Renaissance ended by 1650 to be replaced by a period called the Enlightenment.