recognize B/G

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recognize B/G
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2012-06-04 02:15:59
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recognize B/G
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  1. Aurolate
    • Gold sudium thiomalage
    • only IM
  2. Solganal
    • Aurothioglucose
    • IM ( susp. in oil,must shake it )
  3. Ridaura
    • Auranofin
    • PO. 3 mg bid ( 6 mg QD)
  4. Gold from tx RA
    • Aurolate ( IM )
    • Solganal ( IM )
    • Ridaura ( PO )
  5. Fusilev
    Leucovorin IV
  6. Kineret
    • Anakinara
    • SQ
    • IL -1 ( interleukin 1 receptor antagonist)
    • 100 mg SQ QD
    • Nver give it w/ Embrel ,or TNF blocker
  7. Dificid
    • Fidaxomicin
    • 200mg BID x 10 days
    • TX. C. difficile ( lower recurrence rate compared to Vanco)
  8. Noxafil
    ( Inhibitor* and substrate )
    only suspension
    Dose: 200mg ( 1 teaspoon) TID W/FOOD
    • Posaconazole
    • DI: as Inhibitor will inc. level of
    • - Prograf-Tacrolimus ( so, dec.dose 66%)
    • -Neoral cyclosporine ( need to dec. dose 25%)
  9. Cancidas
    • Caspofungin
    • tx Aspeergillosis
    • IV diluted w. NS
  10. Eraxis
    • Anidulafungin
    • tx serious Candida infx ( Not Asperagillus )
    • IV
  11. Oravig
    • Micronazole Buccal tab
    • Oropharyngeal Candidadiasis
    • 50 mg buccal tabs QD in AM x 14 days
  12. What to tx Oral Thrush?
    • 1.Clotrimazole troche : dissolve in mouth 5X per day
    • 2.Nystatin solution ( Alcohol in it --> watch out DI)
    • swish & swallow s.e Diarrhea, n/v
    • 3. Oravig - Micronazole Buccal tab
    • 50 mg buccal tab QD in AM x 14 days
  13. Ancobon
    • Flucytosine
    • only PO
    • tx: Cryptococal Meningitis ( Synergistic w/ Ampho B, or Fluconazole)
    • S/E Myelosuppression
  14. Lamisil
    • Terbinafine
    • Onychomycosis
    • Fingernail: 250 mg qd x 6 wks
    • Toenail : 250 mg qd x 12 wks

    • Alternative: Sporanox-Itraconazole
    • 200 mg QD x 12 wks for both finger& toes
  15. Symmetrel
    • Amantadine
    • Cutaneous reactions
    • 100 mg bid x 5 days
  16. Vistide ( iv )
    • Cidofovir
    • give Probenecid 2 gm.PO 3 hr Before, then 1 gm 2 hr and 8 hr after to prevent KIDNEY
  17. *Tyzeka
    • Telbivudine
    • Hepititis B
  18. Intron A
    • Interferon alfa-2b
    • Heb. B
  19. Hepsera
    • Adefovir ( see renal )
    • Nephrotoxic
    • 10 mg po QD
    • Tx. hepititis B
  20. *Baraclude ( renal )
    • Entecavir
    • Hebititis B
    • 0.5- 1mg QD Empty stomach
  21. Epivir vs Epivir HBV
    • Lamivudine
    • tx Hiv 150 mg BID ( 300 mg QD )
    • tx Hepititis B; 100 mg QD x 1 year
  22. Egrifta
    Moa: Growth hormone Releasing factor ( GRF) analog.
    • Tesamorelin
    • SC
    • 2 mg SQ QD
    • CI Pregnancy, and Active malignancies
    • dilute w/ sterile water
  23. Copegus
    Rebetol
    • Rib.avirin
    • CI 1. heart dz
    • 2. cat X Pregnancy
    • W/food
  24. Pegasys
    PEG-Intron
    • Pegylated Interferon
    • One weekly inj ( less frequency )
  25. Vitrasert
    • Ganciclovir Implant
    • q 6 months
    • Insert q 6 months
  26. Vitravene
    • Fomivirsen
    • Inject ( IV) directly into eye 1/ month ( 1x month)
  27. DHPG
    • Ganciclovir
    • prevention of CMV
    • 1000 mg cap. PO w.Food
    • IV/ PO
    • Monitor : CBC
  28. Valcyte
    • Valganciclovir
    • PO.BID
  29. ActiHIB
    HibTITER
    PedvaxHIB
    • Hib ( Haemophilus Infulenza typ B )
    • 4 doses: 2,.4.6 and 12-18 months
  30. TwinRix
    • Hep A + Hep B
    • > 18 y/o
  31. TriHibit
    • Haemophilus b+ DTaP
    • children
  32. Comvax
    • Himophilus b + Hep B
    • only use in infans born to HbsAg-mother
  33. What are 3 vaccines for Post splenectomy?
    • 1. Pneumovax SQ( cover Pneumococos=Strepto.Pneumonia)
    • 2.Hib ( H.influenza b ) IM
    • 3.Menomune ( Meningococal ) SQ
    • give 3 days post splenectomy or the day prior to discharge
  34. Lithostat
    * NOT Li+ ( exception )
    • Acetohydroxamic acid
    • PO 250 mg tab
    • Tx : Chronic UTI
  35. Eskalith
    Lithotab
    • Lithium Carbonate ( IR )
    • 150 ,300, 600 Capsule
    • 300 mg Tab
  36. Lithobid
    • Li carbonate SR
    • 300 mg BID ( Instead of TID )

    Note goal tx Li 900-1800 mg divided TID
  37. Eskalith CR
    • Li carbonate CR
    • only come in 450 QD

    • Lithium Citrate is syrup ( 8 meq/ 5 ml )
    • 8 meq = 300 mg
  38. Tasmar
    • Tolcapone
    • s/e; Hepapit Failure!
  39. Comtan
    • Entacapone
    • always five w/ Levodopa
    • start w/ 200 mg PO each dose of levodopa or senemet
    • Max 8x QD ( 1600 mg )
  40. Apokyn ( SQ )
    • Apomorphine
    • tx: Wearing- off episode
    • severe N/V
    • give Tigan ( Trimethobenzamide ) 3 days b/4 initiating Apokyn
    • Monitor: Hypotention ( BP)
  41. Requip
    • Ropinirole
    • least orthostasis in DA agonist class
    • ex; Mirapex pramipexole
    • Parlodel- Bromocriptine
    • Permax Pergolide
    • Rotigotine
  42. Symmetrel
    • Amantadine
    • A=anticholinergic
    • Inc. DA
    • tx; influenza A and mild parkinson
  43. Azilect
    • Rasagiline
    • MAOI-B
    • see Azilect, see DI with all the drugs Inc. DA, MAOI, serotonin
    • esp DI w/ Meperidine--> fatal!
    • othre;Mirtazapine, cyclobenzapine, tramadol, methadone propoxyphen, otc cold; Dextromethophan!
  44. Selegiline
    MAOI-B
    • Eldepryl 5 mg cap- tx parkinson ( AM & Noon )BID*
    • Max* 10mg /day
    • Zelapar ODT
    • Emsam ( Patch* ) only for Depression
  45. Akineton
    • Biperiden
    • anticholinergic drug
    • tx; tremor in pseudoparkinson
  46. Tigan
    Trimethoenzamind
  47. MAOI-A ( 3 main drugs )
    • 1. Isocarboxazid - Marplan
    • 2.Phenelzine - Nardil
    • 3. Tranylcypromine - Parnate
  48. Elavil
    Amitryptyline
  49. Asendin
    • Amoxapine
    • TCA
  50. Norpramine
    Desipramine
  51. Pamelor, Aventyl
    Nortriptylene
  52. Anafranil
    Clomipramine
  53. Sinequan
    Doxepine
  54. Tofranil
    • Imipramine
    • night time bed wetting
  55. Fanapt
    Iloperidone
  56. Invega
    Paliperidone
  57. Saphris
    • Asenapine
    • SL* only spychosis drug
  58. Viibryd
    • Vilazodone ( SSRI newest )
    • need t titrate up ;
    • 40 mg QD w food
    • start with 10 mg QD x 7 days
    • 20 mg QD x 7 days
    • then 40 mg QD w. food!
  59. Desyrel
    Oleptro ( XR) only for Depression
    Trazodone
  60. What are drugs for OCD?
    • 1. Flovox
    • 2.Prozac
    • 3. Paxil
    • 4. Zoloft
    • 5.Anafranil- Clomipramine
  61. Aplenzin (ER)
    Bupropion
  62. Savella
    • Milnacipran ( SNRI )
    • tx; Fibromiagia
    • inc. BP & pulse
    • cross allergy to yellow #5
  63. Uloric
    • Febuxostat
    • Xanthine Ocidase Inhibitor
    • 40-80 mg QD
  64. Benemid
    Colbenemid
    • Probenecid
    • Uricosuria MOA
    • 500-1000 mg BID
    • req. adequate renal function
  65. Krystexxa ( IV )
    Fegylated urid acid enzyme
    • Pegloticase
    • MOA: Uricase..breaks down uric acid
    • 8 mg IV q 2 wks
    • may worsen heart failure
  66. Clinoril
    • Sulindac
    • 300-400 mg QD
  67. Anturane
    • Sulfinpyrazone
    • ASA
    • Not Sulfa ( exception )
    • Has " fin" Not sulfa!
    • Uricosuric class along w/ Probenecid
  68. Zarontin
    • Ethosuximide
    • Absence
  69. Celontin
    • Methsoximide
    • Refractory absence seizure
  70. Horizant*
    • Gabapentin ER tab
    • 600 mg ER
    • FDA approve only for "Restless Legs Syndrome" RLS.
  71. Zonegran ( sulfa allergy )
    • Zonisamide
    • Metabolic Acidosis--> kidney stone*
    • " Zon into the kidney"
  72. Vimpat ( C-V)
    PO/IV
    AV block
    Lacosamide
  73. Banzel
    • Rufinamide
    • tx: Lennox gastaut > 4 y/o
    • Max; 3200 mg/ day ( divided BID )
    • Initial : 400-800 mg /day
  74. Tenuate
    • Diethylpropion
    • 25 mg IR TID ( take 1 hr b4 meal and mid evening )
    • except; SR 1 po mid morning. ( it's stimulant, don't take it too late d/t insomnia )
  75. Intuniv
    ( 6-17 y/o) only
    • Guanfacin 1-4 mg
    • alpha 2 Agonist ( llike clonidine )
    • 3A4 substrate
    • Do Not take w/ hight fat meal d/t increase Serum level.
  76. Kapvay
    • Clonidine 0.1 -0.2 mg BiD start at HS
    • S/E rebound HTN
    • ADHD
    • very sedating
  77. Provigil
    • Modafinil
    • 200 mg QD
    • S/E Rash ( like Abacavir, Lamictal )
  78. Nuvigil
    • Armodafanil
    • ( R- isomer of Provigil )
    • 150- 250 mg QD
  79. Razadyne
    Use to name Raminyl
    • Galantamine
    • tx; Alzheimer
    • AM w/ food ( to reduce Nausea )
    • CI : allergy to Daffodil buls
  80. Cevimeline
    Cholinergic drug
    • Evoxac
    • tx; Dry mouth due to Sjogren's syndrom ( dz of dry mouth )
    • 30 mg capsule PO TID
  81. Namenda
    ( tab, ER capsule,Po solution )
    • Memantine
    • Mod - Severe dementia of the Alzheimer
    • tab IR; start 5 mg QD, then inc.to target dose 20 mg/day divided q 12 hr
    • Cap ER; start 7 mg QD, target dose 28 mg QD
    • May open capsule over apple saucse ( do not chew, or crush)
  82. Toradol
    • Ketoralac
    • Max 5 day
    • start with inj then change to Po ( total 5 days )
  83. Migranal
    ( Nasal Spray )
    • Dihydro Ergotamin w/ Caffeine
    • Max 3 mg ( 6 sprays /days )
  84. DHE 45
    ( IM Ergotamine )
    Dihydro Ergotamine
  85. Ergomar
    SL tab Ergotamine
  86. Cafagot
    Tab, and Suppository
    • Ergotamine + Caffeine
    • Note: Ergot inc. all 3 ; SE, DA, and NE like MAOI
  87. Dilantin
    ( Tab, Chewable tab, Cap, Oral Suspension* and IV 50 mg /ml)
    Note : give IV dilute w/ NS and give < 50 mg/min = 1 ml/min.
    • Phenytoin
    • Dilute w/ NS and give < 50 mg/ MIN* ( same w/ Phenobarbital )
    • Infatab chewable tab = 50 mg chewable tab!
    • TL= 10-20 mg/L ( like vanco )
    • Must shake Suspension* tell the pt!
    • Must use Filter line w/ Phenytoin 0.22- 5 micron
    • 1.5 Fos = 1 phenytoin raito
  88. Ethotoin
    • Peganone
    • ( similar to Phenytoin, but less GI S/e and also less effect as well
  89. Depacon
    Valproate sodium
  90. Stavzor
    only for 1. Migrain Prophylaxis
    2. Bipolar
    • Valproic Acid
    • Stavzor migrin: 250 mg Q 12hr
    • Bipolar750 mg/day in divied dose
  91. Imuran
    • Azathioprine
    • tab,inj, oral suspension
    • tx: RA
    • Kidney transplant
  92. Purinethol
    • 6 MP
    • Mercaptopurine take on Empty stomach!
  93. Uloric
    • Febuxostat
    • Xantine Oxidase Inh
    • Monitor Liver
    • DI same as Allopurinol
  94. Krystexxa
    • Pegloticase IV inj
    • CI G6PD
    • Caution and waring
    • 1.CHF
    • 2.Gout flares
    • 3. anaphylaxis
  95. Amrinone
    NS only
    Inamrinone
  96. Dopamine / Dobutamine
    NS or D5W
  97. Octreotide
    • Sandostatin
    • Fridge- Clear solution Protect from light*
    • IV/IM/SC
    • tx; severe Diarrhea from tumor
  98. Anectine
    • Succinylcholine
    • Fridge!
  99. Ferrous Gluconate Complex ( IV)
    • Ferrlecit
    • 12%
    • Only for " chronic hemodialysis pts
  100. what are new formular for Iron that have Vit C in it to inc. absorption?
    • Vitelle
    • Fero- Grad 500
  101. Flector Patch
    • Diclofenac patch q 12 hr.
    • Form: tab, solution ( Pensaid ) , Gel ( Votaren ), Patch
  102. Arthrotec
    • Diclofenac/ misoprolol
    • 50 / 200 mcg
  103. Maxicam
    • Isoxicam
    • NSAIDS
  104. Feldene
    • Piroxicam
    • Longest t1/2
    • 20 mg QD
  105. Oxaprozin
    Daypro
  106. Orudis
    Naplex Q; what is Oradis?
    • Ketoprofen
    • Ans: NSAIDs
  107. Toradol
    • Ketorolac
    • < 5 days
  108. Caldolor
    • Ibuprofen IV
    • 400 mg iv oer 30 min, then 400 mg q 4-6 hr
    • rx 600 , 800 mg TID ( Q 6-8 hr )
  109. Tolectin
    • Tolmetin
    • Nsaids
  110. Jantoven ( might trick you in choices )
    Warfarin

    NOT Januvia --> DM
  111. Tretin-X
    • Tretinoin ( Vit A )
    • 0.0375 % cream TX; Acne Vulgaris
  112. Elidel
    • Pime- crolimus 1% cream
    • Note: 5% Elidel for Scabies
  113. Protopic *
    • Tacrolimus
    • 0.03%, 0.1% Oint only*
    • Bid > 2 yr

    Note :Prograf - Tacrolimus Capsule for transplant
  114. Extina
    Ketoconazole Foam OTC
  115. Taclonex ( oint, suspension )
    • Calcipotriene & betamethasone
    • Tx: Psoiasis

    • others med :Tx Psoriasis
    • 1. Dovonex- Calcipotriene
    • 2. Soriatane - Acitretin
  116. What are PDE 5- Inhibitor?
    ( Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor )
    • 1. Sildenafil ( Viagra, Revatio )
    • 2. Tadalafil ( Adcirca, Cialis ) : also use for BPH* new
    • 3. Vardenafil ( Levitra )
    • 4. Stendra ( Avanafil ) claim wrk < 15 min onset ( May 2012)
  117. Ravatio
    • Sildenafil
    • PDE 5 inh
  118. Levitra
    Staxyn ODT 10 mg
    • Vardenafil
    • S.E sudden hearing loss, seizure
  119. MUSE ( Transurethral therapy ) insert into urethra
    Carverject ( Injected into the spongy tissue of the penis ( corpus cavernosum )
    • Alprostadil
    • Prostaglandin ( PGE-1 )
    • widening blood vessels , inc blood flow to the penis and help cause erection.
  120. Thymoglobulin (IV)
    • Transplant
    • 4 doses total
  121. Neupro ( patch QD )
    • Rotigotine ( tx parkinson )
    • Dopamine agonist
  122. Bisacodyl
    • Dulcolax
    • onset ; po 6-12 hr
    • Rectal : 1 hr
  123. Sodium Phosphate ( Rx for bowel prep)
    Lead to acute phosphate nephropathy
    • Visicol
    • OsmoPrep
  124. Fleet Phospho- Soda
    ( Recalled )
    • Sodium Phosphate ( otc )
    • lead to Acute kidney injury d/t
    • " precipitaiton of Calcium- Phosphate CRYSTALs in the kidney--> lead to irreversible kiney damage!
  125. Miralax OTC
    ( not FDA approve for bowel cleansing agent )
    • Polyethylene glycol ( PEG ) WITH OUT electrolyte!
    • However, electrolyte help prevent fluid loss and dehydration.

    • Onset: 24 - 48 hours
  126. Imodium
    • Loperomide ( 2 mg tab )
    • Dose: 2tabs ( 4 mg) at first dose, then 1 tab ( 2mg ) after ech loose stool.

    • Max 16 mg--> in pt
    • Max 8 mg OTC
  127. Gas- X
    Mylicon ( infant *)
    Phazyme
    • Simethicone
    • tx : Flatulence
  128. DEET
    ( NN - diethyl meta toluamide )
    The higher % , the longer it will stay on
    • Insect repellent
    • > 2months old
    • Duration of action varies with concentration

    • Q; if pt ask, which % is good?
    • A: it depends on how long you stay outdoor ( % concentrate depends on how long you stay outdoor ) usually 3-8 hrs
  129. Stromectol ( RX , po tx lice )
    • Ivermectin
    • tx Lice w/n 24 hrs
  130. Ulesfia
    • Benzyl Alcohol lotion 5%
    • Moa: Suffocating lice ( instead of paralyzing them like old one)
    • > 6 MONTHs
  131. Ovide ( rx )
    • Malathion lotion ( lice )
    • > 6 yrs
    • usually apply only one, but retreat in 7-9 days if needed
    • - flamable
  132. Astelin
    • Azelastine
    • antihistamine nasal sprays ( help w/ nasal congestions as well )
    • 1-2 sprays each nostril BID
  133. Dutasteride
    ( take 6 months to see full the effect )! tell the pt to keep taking the meds
    • Avodart
    • 5-alpha reductase Inhibitor ( block convert Testosterone--> DHT which more potent ) = stop growth prostate!
    • - take longtime to see the affect that why some time see pt get both alpha blocker & 5 alpha reductase inhibitor
  134. Finasteride
    Proscar 5 mg

    vs Propeicia -finasteride 1 mg
  135. Xarelto
    • Rivaroxaban
    • Prophylactic use after knee or hip replacement
    • 10 mg po start 6-10 hr post op
    • CI cacl < 30 ml/min
  136. Brilinta
    • Ticagrelor
    • Bind REVERSIBLY to the same P2Y12
  137. Rapaflo
    • Silodosin
    • selective alpha blocker
    • alonge with
    • Flomax
    • Uroxatral- Alfuzosin
  138. Fuzeon
    • Enfuvirtide
    • wrk on cell virus gp 120 , and gp 41
    • SC
  139. Selzentry
    • Maraviroc
    • wrk on host cell CCR5
  140. Isentress ( step 3 integration )
    • Raltegravir
    • SE myopathy ( rhadomyopathy )
  141. Edurant ( NNRTI )
    • Rilpivirin
    • QD w/food
    • " Ril- pivirin RSIV for Edurant DEEN" --> he has " rash & hepatitis "
  142. Viramune ( NNRTI )
    Nevirapine
  143. Prezista ( PI )
    • Darunavir
    • W/ Food

    Exception: only use w/ Crestor / Fluvastatin ( not Pravastatin in this case )
  144. Iprivask SC ( prophylaxis DVT ) hip/knee replacement
    • Desirudin ( Deirect thrombin inh )
    • 15 mg Q 12 ( start 5-15 min BEFORE surgery* up to 12 days post op.

    Note: others use after surgery

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