CCP Review Labs

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Author:
David659
ID:
153134
Filename:
CCP Review Labs
Updated:
2012-05-09 15:17:26
Tags:
Paramedic
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Description:
CCP Review
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  1. RBC ranges
    • Male 4.2-5.6
    • Female 3.8-5.1
    • Child 3.5-5.0
  2. WBC Ranges
    • Male/ Female: 3.8-11.0
    • Child: 5.0 - 10.0
  3. Differential
    • Types of White cells:
    • Bands: 1-5 %
    • Lymphocytes: 14-44 %
    • Monocytes: 2-6 %
    • Eosiinophils: 1-5%
    • Basophils: 0-1 %
  4. Bands
    • Less mature neutrophils : Increased values can indicate infection.
    • Left shift
  5. Segs
    Mature Neutrophils, are also known as Segs
  6. Neutrophils
    These are the most common of the WBCs and serve as the primary defense against infection
  7. Eosinophils (Eos)
    • These cells play a role in allergic disorders and in combating parasitic infections
    • .Elevations in eosinophil counts are associated with:Allergic reactions Parasite infections Chronic skin infections Some cancers
    • Decreases in eosinophil counts are associated with:Stress Steroid exposure Anything that may suppress WBC production generally
  8. Basophils (Baso's)
    These cells can digest bacteria and other foreign bodies (phagocytosis) and also have some role in allergic reactions.
  9. Monocytes (Mono's)
    These cells respond to inflammation, infection and foreign bodies by ingesting and digesting the foreign material.
  10. Lymphocytes (Lymphs)
    • These cells play both an immediate and delayed role in response to infection or inflammation
    • .Increased numbers of lymphocytes are seen in:Most viral infections Some bacterial infections Some cancers Graves' disease
    • Decreased numbers of lymphocytes are seen in:Steroid exposure Some cancers Immunodeficiency Renal failure Lupus
  11. Hemoglobin
    • Hgb
    • Male 14-18 g/dL
    • Female 11-16 g/dL
    • Child 10-14 g/dL
    • Newborn 15-25 g/dL
  12. Hematocrit
    • Hct
    • Measures the percentage of the volume of whole blood that is made up of red blood cells
    • Male: 40.7 - 50.3%Female: 36.1 - 44.3% Chil 30-42%.
  13. MVC
    Mean corpuscular volume, (MCV), is a measure of the average red blood cell size 78-98 fL
  14. MCH
    • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH),average amount of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin inside a red blood cell
    • 27-35 pg
  15. MCHC
    • Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) is a calculation of the average concentration of hemoglobin inside a red cell.
    • 31-37 %
  16. Prothrombin Time Blood Test-PT
    • This test is done to evaluate the blood for its ability to clot.
    • Normal PT Values: 10-12 seconds
  17. Partial Thromboplastin Time Blood Test-PTT
    • This test is performed primarily to determine if heparin (blood thinning) therapy is effective. It can also be used to detect the presence of a clotting disorder. It does not show the effects of drugs called “low molecular weight heparin” or most commonly by the brand name Lovenox.
    • Normal PTT Values: 30 to 45 seconds
  18. International Normalized Ratio Blood Test-INR
    Normal INR Values: 1 to 2

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