Chapter 7 review Nutritional Sciences

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lindseypb
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153153
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Chapter 7 review Nutritional Sciences
Updated:
2012-05-09 20:11:40
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Chapter 7
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  1. What metabolic process is required during fermentation/

    a)glycolysis

    b)gluconeogenesis

    c)glycogenesis

    d)lipolysis
    A
  2. Most of the ATP that the body generates is produced by the reactions of the electron transport chain T/F
    True
  3. Organic molecules derived from vitamins that act as helpers are called:

    a) coenzymes

    b)cosubstrates

    c)cofactors

    d)cointermediates
    A
  4. Heavy drinking can cause the synthesis of_____.

    a)pyruvate

    b)acetyl CoA

    c)oxolacetate

    d)lactate
    D
  5. You have been stranded in a remote area for eight days with nothing to eat. The process that our body uses to produce an alternate form of energy under these circumstances is:

    a)gluconeogenesis

    b)proteolysis

    c)ketogenesis

    d)lipogenesis
    C
  6. Joe admits to consuming alcohol almost daily. Lately, of the 2500kcal he consumes every day, nearly 850 come from alcohol. Which of the following is most likely true of Joe's micronutrient intake?

    a)It is supplemented by the nutrients from alcohol

    b)it is excessive, which can cause joe to crave alcohol

    c)it is adequate at this level of consumption, but could be a problem if joe were to consume several more drinks each day

    d) it is inadequate
    D
  7. Glucose catabolism begins with:

    a)glycolysis

    b)glycogenolysis

    c)glycogenesis
    a
  8. Tom is a swimmer, what is the substrate that provides the energy he needs while competing in a 10k swimming event?

    a)glycerol

    b) ADP

    c) Acetyl-CoA

    d)Lactate
    D
  9. WHich of the following reactions involves the gain of electrons and hydrogen ions?

    a)oxidation

    b) reduction

    c) redox

    d) a coupled reaction
    B
  10. Adults who consime and average of ____ alcoholic drinks have a lower risk of CVD (daily)

    a) less than one

    b)one

    c) 1-2

    d) 2-3
    C
  11. What metabolic pathway predominates when excess glucose is present in the body and glycogen stores are filled?

    a) glycolysis

    b)glycogenolysis

    c)lipogenesis

    d)lipolysis
    C
  12. Drinking alcohol has an impact of nutrient availability and impaired nutritional status: T/F
    True
  13. Catabolic pathways take place primarily in the:

    a)blood

    b)nucleus

    c)cytosol

    d)mitochondria
    D
  14. When the electrons and hydrogen ions of NADH+H+ and FADH2 enter the electron transport chain, they are_____.

    a)removed

    b)comsumed

    c)converted
    A
  15. Glycolysis begins with _____ and the end product is _____.

    a)starch, glucose

    b)lactate, glucose

    c)glucose, pyruvate
    C
  16. Body leanness and size both influence BAC T/F
    True
  17. If sara mixes flour, sugar, milk, eggs, and butter to make a batter that she bakes to get a cake, what could be considered her intermediate product(s)?

    a)flour, sugar

    b)milk, eggs, butter

    c)the batter

    d)the cake
    C
  18. Substrates attach to a special surface on the enzyme called the:

    a)active site

    b)connection

    c)link
    A
  19. Which of the following would most likely be the enzyme involved in reactions metabolizing amylose?

    a)amyloxyl

    b)amylase

    c)amylosin
    B
  20. What types of enzymes catalyze hydrolysis reactions?

    a)transferases

    b)lyases

    c)hydrolases

    d)isomerases
    C
  21. Mr. P was admitted to the hospital with nausea and vomiting and hasn't eaten anything in more than two days. What nutritional state is he in?

    a)fed state

    b)postabsorbative state

    c)fasting

    d)starvation
    C
  22. Weight-reduction diets that produce ketosis are generally safe and effective?

    T/F
    False
  23. What percentage of college students describe themselves as binge drinkers?

    a)10

    b)25

    c)30

    d)45
    B
  24. Holly has type 1 diabetes. It is important that she take her insulin because without it her bodys metabolism is similar to someone who is:

    a)starving

    b)overeating

    c)eating too much protein
    A
  25. Lipid catabolism takes place in the __________.

    a)lymph

    b)nucleus

    c)mitochondria
    C
  26. After sue eats lunch, the hormone ____ stimulates the storage of glycogen in sues muscles...

    a)insulin

    b)estrogen

    d)adrenaline
    a
  27. There are no lipogenic effects of chronic and heavy alcohol consumption that cause triglycerides to accumulate in the liver.T/F
    False
  28. Alcohol is most readily absorbed when the concentration is.

    a)<30%

    b)<50%

    c)>70%
    A
  29. The process that adds a phosphate grup directly to ADP is called______.

    a)substrate phosphorylation

    b)conversion

    c)oxidative phosphorylation
    A

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