Chapter 8 Nutritional Sciences review

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lindseypb
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Chapter 8 Nutritional Sciences review
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2012-05-10 10:39:02
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Nutritional Sciences
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Chapter 8
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  1. Misuse of laxatives,enemas, and diuretics are considered binging
    False
  2. Your client is 69 inches tall and weighs 185lbs. His BMI is:

    a) 23.6

    b)25.9

    c)27.3

    d)45.4
    C
  3. What is the energy expendature called the "thermic effect of food" used for?

    a)warming ingested food to 98.6 degrees

    b)transport of stored food nutrients to body tissues between meals

    c)digestion,absorbtion,transport,metabolism, and storage of nutrients following a meal
    C
  4. Your Asian-American, female client is 25 years old and weighs 110lbs and is 61 inches tall. According to the Harris-Benedict equation her REE in Kcal/day is

    a)1296

    b)1414

    c)1531
    a
  5. If Sal added an extra mile of walking to his routine every day for one month, how much weight could he expect to lose by making only this change?

    a)one pound

    b)two pounds

    c)3 pounds
    A
  6. What type of obesity is associated with an increased risk for developing CVD, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension

    a) pear shaped adiposity

    b)subcutaneous adiposity

    c)visceral adiposity
    C
  7. How do neuropeptides differ from hormones?

    a) they regulate activities mainly in the liver

    b)they regulate activities mainly in the CNS

    c)They regulate activities mainly in adipocytes
    B
  8. WHich of the following syndromes is characterized by eating while asleep?

    a)Nocturnal Sleep-Related eating disorder

    b)Night eating syndrome

    c) nocturnal night disordered eating
    A
  9. Even though they are the same age and have the same height and weight, matt has more lean mass than rob. which of the following is true in this casE?

    a)Rob has a higher BMR

    b)Rob has a higher REE

    c)Matt has a higher REE

    d) Matt has a higher BMR
    D
  10. Sara requires 2100 Kcal/day. Currently sshe is consuming between 2200-2300. What state is her energy balance in?

    a)neutral

    b)negative

    c)positive

    d)balanced
    C
  11. What is the PhysiologicAL RESPONSE TO HAVING eaten enough called?

    a)contentment

    b)satisfaction

    c)satiety

    d)fulfillment
    C
  12. If Lynn, who now weighs 170lbs, follows the reccomended rate of weight loss, what will she weigh in 8 weeks?

    a)136-139

    b)145-152

    c)154-162
    C
  13. ______ can be defined as the longing or desire for food

    a)hunger

    b)satiety

    c)apetite

    d)Thermic Effect of Food
    C
  14. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by an irrational fear of gaining weight or becoming obese T/F
    True
  15. All of the following statements about gastric bypass surgery are true except:

    a)gastric bypass reroutes the GI tract to bypass the stomach

    b)bypass surgery reduces food intake, limiting nutrient digestion and absorbtion

    c)the risk of developing nutritional deficiencies is much greater after this procedure

    d)surgical reverseal is difficult and can pose certain risks
    A
  16. Compared to the number of people who develop anorexiam how many are likely to develop bulemia?

    a)twice as many

    b)the same number
    c) half as many
    A
  17. What percentage of people participating in eright-loss programs experience episodes of NES?

    a)3-5

    b)6-10

    c)9-15
    C
  18. Why hasn't the hormone originally thought to be a potent satiety signal in mice been a miracle cure for obesity in poeple?

    a)the hormone may protect against starvation rather than obesity

    b)few humans actually have a defiency of this hormone

    c)this is a hormone for mice, not people
    B
  19. Disordered eating can be defined as:

    a) Irregular eating, consistent undereating, or consistent overeating

    b)binging, purging, and or food restriciton

    c)anorexia, bulemia, or EDNOS
    A
  20. Expansion of the stomach signals satiety to the brain T/F
    True
  21. The WHR or waist circumfrence can be used to determine ones body fat distribution pattern T/F
    True
  22. If Hosea perspires because the air temperature is 90 degrees ferenheit, what physiological process is he exibiting?

    a)Dissipation of basal energy

    b)dissapation of non-exercise activity thermogenesis

    c)adaptive thermogenesis
    C
  23. What is it called when normal menustration stops?

    a)asthenopia

    b)amenorrhea

    c)ankylosis
    B
  24. Eating disorders are just as common among men as women

    T/F
    False
  25. What interrelated conditions are included in the "female athlete triad"

    a)bulemia, consumption of excessive amounts of water, and dyspnea

    b)anorexia,dyspnea,irritability

    c)disordered eating, amenorrhea, osteopenia

    d)anorexia,dehydration, hypercalcemia
    C
  26. Adipocytes decrease in number as an individual loses weight T/F
    False

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