Lupe

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Anonymous
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153215
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Lupe
Updated:
2012-05-09 23:29:28
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Test Chapter 34
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Medical Surgical
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  1. LOWER GASTROINTESTIANAL SYSTEM
    • SMALL INTESTINES
    • LARGE INTESTINES
    • RECTUM
    • ANUS
  2. APPENDICITIS=INFLAMMATION OF THE APPENDIX S/S
    FEVER, NAUSEA, VOMITING, ANOREXIA, PAIN RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT " AKA" "MCBURNEY'S POINT"
  3. PERITONITIS=INFLAMMATION/INFECTION OF PERITONEAL CAVITY S/S
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN
    • ABDOMINAL RIGIDITY
    • NAUSEA/ VOMITING
    • FEVER
  4. PERITONITIS NURSING DIAGNOSES
    • ACUTE PAIN
    • DEFICIENT FLUID VOLUME
    • IMBALANCED NUTRITION: LESS THAN BODY REQUIREMENT
  5. DIVERTICULOSIS/DIVERTICULITIS
    • DIVERTICULUM= OUTPOUCHING OF BOWEL MUCOUSE MEMBRANE
    • DIVERTICULOSIS= MULTIPLE DIVERTICULA
    • DIVERTICULITIS= INFLAMMATION/ INFECTION OF DIVERTICULUM
  6. DIVERTICULOSIS/DIVERTICULITIS CAUSES
    • CHRONIC CONSTIPATION
    • DECREASED INTAKE OF DIETARY FIBER
  7. CROHN'S DOSEASE
    • INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
    • ANY PART OF THE INTESTINE
    • REMISSIONS AND EXACERBATIONS
    • CAUSE UNKNOWN
    • HEREDITARY
  8. CROHN'S DISEASE S/S
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN OR CRAMPING
    • WEIGHT LOSS
    • DIARRHEA
    • FLUID AND ELECTROLYE IMBALANCE
  9. CROHN'S DISEASE COMPLICATIONS
    • MALNUTRITION
    • FISSURES= UNNATURAL TRACTS OR ULCERS
    • ABSCESSES
    • FISTULAS = ABNORMALCONNECTIONS BETWEEN STRUCTURES
  10. DIAGNOSIS CROHN'S DISEASE
    • LABORATORY TESTING
    • ENDOSCOPY WITH BIOPSY
    • ULTRASOUND
    • MULTIPHASE CT ENTEROGRAPHY
    • MAGNETIC RESONANCE ENTEROGTROGRAPHY
  11. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS CROHN'S
    • ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES
    • ANTIDIARRHEAL
    • ANTIBIOTICS
    • BIOLOGICS
    • CORTICOSTERIODS
    • IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS
    • AVOID OFFENING FOODS
    • SURGERY IF NECESSARY
    • ELEMENTAL FORMULA OR TPN IF REQUIRRED
    • SUPPORT AND EDUCTION
  12. ULCERATIVE COLITIS
    • INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
    • COLON AND RECTUM
    • REMISSIONS AND EXACERBATIONS
  13. ULCERATIVE COLITIS S/S
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN
    • 5 TO 20 STOOLS DAILY
    • RECTAL BLEEDING
    • FECAL URGENCY
    • ANOREXIA
    • WT LOSS
    • CRAMPING
    • VOMITING
    • FEVER
    • DEHYDRATION
  14. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS ULCERATIVE COLITIS
    • AVOID OFFENDING FOODS
    • ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES
    • ANIDIARRHEAL
    • IMMUNOSUPPRESSANTS
    • CORTICOSTERIODS
    • SURGERY IF NECESSARY
    • ELEMANTAL FORMULA OR TPN IF REQUIRED
  15. INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
    • ACUTE PAIN
    • DIARRHEA
    • DEFICIENT FLUID VOLUME
    • ANXIETY
    • IMPAIRED SKIN INTEGRITY
    • INEFFECTIVE NUTRITIONS: LESS THAN BODY REQUIREMENTS
    • INEFFECTIVE COPING
  16. IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME S/S
    • GAS
    • BLOATING
    • CONSTIPATION
    • DIARRHEA
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN
    • DEPRESSION
    • ANXIETY

  17. IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
    THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION
    • HIGH FIBER AND BRAN DIET
    • AVOID TRIGGER FOODS
    • SMALLER, FREQUENT MEALS
    • STRESS MANAGEMENT
    • BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
    • EXERCISE
    • MEDICATION
  18. ABDOMINAL HERNIAS
    • TYPES OF HERNIAS
    • 1. INGUINAL
    • 2. UMBILICAL
    • 3. VENTRAL ( INCISIONAL)
  19. CELIAC DISEASE
    • DAMAGES TO THE LINEING OF THE SMALL INTESTINE ADAMAGE DUT TO EATING GLUTIN
    • "WHEAT, BARLEY, TYE, AND POSSIBLE OATS"
  20. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS FOR ABSORPTION DISORDERS
    CELIAC DISEASE= HIGH-CALORIE, HIGH-PROTEIN, GUTEN-FREE DIET
  21. BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
    FLOW OF INTESTINAL CONTESNTS IS BLOCKED
    • MECHANICAL= BLOCKAGE OCCURS WITHIN THE INTESTINE
    • NON-MECHANICAL=PERISTALSIS IS IMPAIRED
    • BOTH CAN BE PARTIAL OR COMPLETE
  22. S/S BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN
    • BLOOD AND MUCUS PER RECTUM
    • FECES AND FLATUS CEASE
    • FECAL VOMITING MAY OCCUR
    • BOWEL SOUNDS HIGH-PITCHED/TINKLING OR ABSENT
    • ABDOMINAL DISTENTION
    • FLUID/ ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE
  23. BOWEL OBSTRUCTION DIAGNOSIS
    • ABDOMINAL X-RAY
    • CT SCAN
    • CBC AND ELECTROLYTES
  24. THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTION BOWEL OBSTRUCTION
    • NPO
    • FREQUENT MOUTH CARE
    • NASOGASTRIC TUBE
    • FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE REPLACEMENT
    • MEDICATION
    • ANTIBIOTICS ANTI-EMETICS
    • ANALGESICS
    • SURGERY
  25. LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING
    • NURSING CARE
    • MONITOR STOOLS, BLEEDING
    • VITAL SIGNS
    • DIAGNOSTIC PREP
  26. COLORECTAL CANCER
    CAUSED BY LACK OF DIETARY FIBER ANEMIA ABSTRUCTION
    • S/S
    • CHANGE IN BOWEL HABITS
    • BLOOD OR MUCUS IN STOOLS
    • ABDOMINAL OR RECTAL PAIN
    • WT LOSS
    • ANEMIA
    • OBSTRUCTION
  27. COLORECTAL CANCER
    DIAGNOSIS
    • COLONOSCOPY WITH BIOPSY
    • SIGMOIDOSCOPY WITH BIOPSY
    • PROCTOSIGMOIDOSCOPY
    • CT SCAN
    • ABDOMINAL AND RECTAL EXAMINATION
    • IMMUNOLOGICAL TESTS
    • FECAL OCCULT BLOOD
    • CEA
  28. COLORECTAL CANCER
    THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS
    • SURGERY
    • RESECTION
    • ABDOMINAPERINEAL RESECTION
    • COLOSTOMY
    • RADIATION
    • CHEMOTHERAPY
    • MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY THERAPY
    • ANALGESICS
    • TPN AS NECESSARY
  29. OSTOMY/STOMA/ABDOMINAL OSTOMIES
    • SURGICALLY CREATED OPENING DIVERTS STOOLS OR URINE TO OUTSIDE OF BODY
    • PORTION OF BOWEL SUTURED ONTO ABDOMEN
    • IIEOSTOMY, COLOSTOMY, UROSTOMY
  30. FOODS THAT CAN CAUSE ILEOSTOMY BLOCKAGE
    COLE SLAW , CELERY, CORN, POPCORN, COCONUT, MUSHROOMS, NUTS, CHINESE VEGETABLE, GREEN LEAFY VEGETABLES, SPINACH, COLLARDS, MUSTARDS, APPLES, GRAPES, POTATOES, RAISINS, FIGS, APRICOTS, SAUSAGE, HOT DOGS BOLOGNA

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