Digestive System

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Author:
malpal84
ID:
153229
Filename:
Digestive System
Updated:
2012-05-10 00:55:48
Tags:
anatomy
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Description:
anatomy
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  1. first nutrient to be chemically digested in the body
    starch
  2. teeth adapted for tearing food
    canine
  3. sphincter to control the rate food leaves the stomach
    pyloric
  4. enzyme to breakdown carbs and starches
    amylase
  5. muscular contractions to propel food from one organ to the next
    peristalis
  6. emulsifier to aid in the digestion of lipids
    bile
  7. forms if part of the stomach wall digests itself
    ulcer
  8. part of the large intestine found on the right side of the body
    ascending colon
  9. teeth adapted for grinding food
    molars
  10. salivary gland inflamed when one gets the mumps
    parotid gland
  11. molecules that serves as readily available energy for the body
    glucose
  12. enzyme to breakdown lactose in dairy products
    lactase
  13. the building blocks of proteins
    amino acids
  14. opening at the terminal end of the large intestin
    anus
  15. primary function is absorption of nutrients
    small intestine
  16. watery stool resulting when food residue passed through the large intestine too quickly for water to absorb
    diarrhea
  17. enzyme to breakdown lipids, produced by the pancreas
    lipase
  18. part of the alimentary canal where no digestion or absorbtion takes place
    esophagus
  19. site of HCL and pepsinogen
    stomach
  20. cell which produce hydrochloric acid in the stomach
    parietal cell
  21. saliva are important in ____ digestion
    chemical
  22. fingerlike projections of the small intestine that are important for nutrient absorption
    villi
  23. sphincter at the distal end of the seophagus, damaged during heartburn
    cardioesophageal
  24. process by which large molecules are built from smaller ones
    anabolism
  25. where bile is stored
    gallbladder
  26. site where small and large intestine join together
    ileocecral valve
  27. chemical digestion breaking large molecules into simpler compounds
    catabolism
  28. last subdivision of teh small intestine
    ileum
  29. middle section of the small intestine
    jejunum
  30. where bile is produced
    liver
  31. enzyme produced in the stomach to break down proteins
    pepsinogen
  32. another name for the alimentary canal
    gastrointestinal tract
  33. name for soft, partially digested mixture in the stomach
    chyme
  34. where water is absorbed in the alimentary canal
    large intestine
  35. produces enzymes to breakdown all food groups
    pancreas
  36. beginning of carb/starch digestion
    mouth
  37. site where bile and pancreatic juices enter alimentary canal
    duodenum
  38. part of the large intestine becomes inflamed, pain on the lower right side of the abdomen
    appendicitius
  39. common passageway for food and air
    pharynx
  40. beginning of the large intestine, site of the appendix
    cecum
  41. anterior chisel shaped teeth for cutting
    incisors

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