100) A pun is a literary and rhetorical device which has reach beyond the textual realm; in other words, we often use puns to create humor in everyday life. A pun may appear in noun or verb form. Puns function by the logic of similarity; either the reader recognizes a word that is similar and finds the resonance amusing, or else the writer evokes a range of meanings associated with a word that prove humorous (or merely poignant) because of the lack of clarity. There are numerous forms. For instance, a student who missed the final exam does not agree with the professor’s choice to give him a zero. He may state, “I beg to defer.” This usage oscillates between “I beg to differ” (a polite statement that shows disagreement) and the usage we see here, wherein “defer” means “to put off [the exam] to a later date.” A recent article by a writer named Norman D. Plummer for The Chronicle of Higher Education has as its title, “Fallow, the Yellow Brick Road.” Plummer puns the imperative verb “follow” with the adjective “fallow,” which means “infertile, dry, useless, spent, non-viable.” Yet another example: Christian yoga enthusiasts have appropriated the spiritual and athletic practice (whose origins are decidedly non-Christian) by renaming “sun salutations” (surya namaskara from the original Sanskrit) to “Son salutations” (which puns on the idea of Jesus as the son of God). By doing this, the Christian yogis and yoginis do not feel they are engaging in a practice with questionable symbolism (that is, saluting a cosmic object, which would fall under idolatry).