GCSE History

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
153256
Filename:
GCSE History
Updated:
2012-05-10 08:20:07
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USA 1920 part three prohibition gangsters one
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revision
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  1. in 1918 the American giovernment decided to make a law to ban the sale and drinking of alcohol in the USA . This was called :
    prohibition
  2. why was prohibition passed
    because of pressure from religiuos groups such as the Women's Christian Temperance union and the Anti saloon league , who campaigned for many years for the government to ban alcohol in the USA . They were mainly country people who resented drunkness that they saw in the cities
  3. the arguments used ny the anti-alcohol drinks were
    • alcohol was a waste of grain
    • alcohol was bad for American industry
    • alcohol led to deaths on the road
    • alcohol ruined families
    • alcohol was made by Germans
    • banning alcohol would make America into a better , more moral , country
  4. the anti-alcohol groups said that prohibition should be introduced so that grain :
    could be used for food instead of being wasted making liquor
  5. the anti-alcohol groups said that alcohol was bad for American industry . They argued that drink led to
    absenteeism from work so this reduced the country's industrial output . This made buissness men like Rockefeller support prohibition
  6. the anti-alcohol groups said that alcohol led to deaths on the road . with more
    mortor cars on the road , druken driving was becoming an increasing menance
  7. why did the anti-alcohol groups suggest alcohol ruined families .
    they argued that wives and children suffered when husbands spent their wages on drink
  8. why did the anti-alcohol groups argue for prohibition because alcohol was made by Germans
    because Germans were the enemies in W.W.1. so people should not make Germans rich by buying beer . This showed an anti-foreign element to the campaing .
  9. The anti-alcohol groups said that banning alcohol would make America into a better more moral country , because
    many americans were very religious people , who became convinced that alcohol was the root of all social problems . it was believed that prohibition would bring in a new and moral age
  10. theses rural religious groups exerted a huge influence on the governement because
    they were rich , powerful people , who the government ignored at their peril
  11. the american consitution is a document which was drawn up in ........ , when the USA was first set up . It laid down the :
    • 1787
    • rights of American citizens and its exists to protect those rights
  12. beause people where being deprived of the right to drink alcohol , the
    american constitution had to be changed
  13. in 1918 the ......... amendment was added to the american constitution this bannned the manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquor
    18th
  14. now ........ had to pass a law to bring prohibition into existance . in ....... the ......... act brought prohibition into effect
    • congress
    • 1919
    • volstead
  15. the volstead act define intoxicating liquor as
    any drink having more than 0.5% alcohol
  16. a special group of prohibition agents were set up to enforce prohibition . they had the right to
    confiscate illegal stills and destroy any alcohol they discovered
  17. although religious groups were delighted about prohibition , many other people were ...... , especially in the cities where the temperance movement was not strong . ....... , ...... and ....... had to close down , with the loss of .....
    • horrified
    • saloons
    • breweries
    • distilleries
    • jobs
  18. what was the effect of prohibition on ocasional drinkers
    people who only used to drink alcohol occasionally suddenly found that now alcohol was banned , they wanted to drink more than ever
  19. how did policemen , politicians and buisnessmen react to prohibition
    they still wanted their beer , and were determined to find ways to get it
  20. anti-prohibition groups campaigned to bring alcohol back . They held demonstrations but despite their efforts , prohibition
    remained the law in the USA for 14 years , from 1919 until 1933

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