causes of World War two

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  1. Causes of the Stock Market Crash
    • Consumerism (mass media, advertising)
    • Credit (Installment plan, widespread credit)
  2. Main causes of the great depression
    • Stock market crash
    • Bank Failures
    • Less trade between america & foreign countries
  3. Social effects of the great depression
    • Mass migrations
    • high crime rate
  4. How did president hoover respond to the depression?
    • tried to create more jobs
    • tried to lessen the effects on the people
  5. What were the affects of the great depression on American politics?
    It gave the government more power, Hoover played it safe, he didn't really try to solve the problems, he just made living with them easier
  6. Explain the rise of Hitler
    The former government, the Weimar Republic, was bad for the people, and they wanted new government that helped them cope with the results of WW1. The economy was failing because of the reparations and the people were upset. The Nazi membership grows because of the hopelessness in Germany. He became chancellor legally in 1933
  7. Explain the rise of Mussolini
    He organized disoriented veterans of WW1 into the fascist party, he used the black shirts to seize control. King Victor Emmanuel asked him to create a government where he would be prime minister. The government controlled nearly everything.
  8. Explain the rise of Militarism in Japan
    Japan was an ally in WW1, but did not get what it was promised. They started to westernize but they were discriminated against because they worked hard for less money. They were angry and attacked Manchuria
  9. How did britain and france change their position after the invasion of Poland?
    They wanted to intervene because they saw that Germany was causing harm to innocent areas.
  10. Describe Germany's acquisition of territory through military and non-military means
    They invaded and waged war on countries to gain more land for living space. They also acquired land by threats or surrenders.
  11. Describe the factors that lead to Japanese agression
    • -Not getting what they were promised in WW1
    • - Having to westernize/ give up culture
    • -needed more land to industrialize
    • -Jealous of China because they had so much fertile land and success.
  12. Explain the results of Japan's invasion of Manchuria and China
    • Japan's invasion of Manchuria caused them to withdraw from the league of nations.
    • Military influence increases
    • The US stops shipments to Japan (they cannot strive without oil/scrap metal.
  13. What was the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere?
    A plan to group asian nations under Japanese rule.
  14. Explain the United States growing involvement in the war prior to Pearl Harbor
    • They made several neutrality acts
    • They lent money to several nations
    • They banned shipments to Japan
  15. How did the US prepare for the war?
    • Before the Japanese attacked, not at all,
    • but after:
    • Mass weapon production
    • Drafting citizens
    • Minorities working in factories
    • Weapon development (atomic bomb)
  16. Why did the US join the war?
    They were bombed by Japan at Pearl Harbor!
  17. Buying on the margin
    Borrowing money for investing in stocks
  18. Black Thursday
    day the stock market crashed, the start of the great depression
  19. Unemployment
    unemployment in the US skyrocketed during the Great depression
  20. Unstable economy
    • The US had an unstable economy during the great depression
    • The Weimar Republic caused an unstable economy in Germany
  21. Herbert Hoover
    The president of the US when the stock market crashed; established chanty towns called Hoovervilles.
  22. New Deal
    The New deal was presented by FDR, had many new laws to prevent the economy from failing agains, like minimum wage.
  23. Benito Mussolini
    The fascist dictator of Italy.
  24. Fascist
    The party of which Mussolini was the leader, Black shirts.
  25. Joseph Stalin
    Communist leader of Russia. Harsh conditions.
  26. Austria
    Ruled by germany, it's people were forced to fight for he Germans
  27. Spanish Civil War
    Italy and Germany practiced their new tactics while intervening in this war.
  28. Nazi-Soviet pact
    A pact between Russia and Germany that was soon broken by Germany invading Stalingrad.
  29. Blitzkrieg
    Lightning war, a fast war that defeated many of Germany's conquests.
  30. Vichy Government
    The Governments established in France by the Germans
  31. Luftwaffe
    The German airforce
  32. Cash and Carry
    system of trading whereby goods are paid for in full at the time of purchase and taken away by the purchaser.
  33. Rape of Nanjing
    An attack of a chinese city by Japan that killed nearly 100,000 civillians
  34. Embargo
    An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.
  35. Pearl Harbor
    The Japanese attack on US
  36. Consumerism
    • Media
    • Advertising
  37. Black Tuesday
    Sell tons of stocks
  38. Great Depression
    The depression in the economy in 1929-1941
  39. Over speculation
    To overestimate (value of stocks...)
  40. Voluntary action
    an act that was done consciously, of one's own choice.
  41. Totalitarianism
    A new kind of government that has total rule over the nation
  42. Brown shirts
    Hitler's army
  43. Nazi's
    • The party organized by Hitler.
    • Largely prejudice
  44. Neville Chamberlain
    The prime minister of Britain as they entered WWII
  45. Mein Kampf
    autobiography of one Adolf Hitler
  46. Sudetenland
    The Germans wanted it as living space, the british intervened, then to avoid war, appeased in the Munich conference.
  47. Appeasement
    Agreeing to whatever is said to avoid confrentation
  48. New Technology
    • TV
    • Radio
    • Washing machine
    • ...
  49. Operation Barbosa
    • The Nazi invasion of Russia
    • Goals-
    • Russians retreated, and Germans left to face the harsh russian winter
    • Germans had to surrender at Stalingrad.
  50. Battle of Britain
    Conflict between RAF and Luftwaffe to gain Britain
  51. Lend-Lease
    The US supplied the allied powers
  52. General Tojo
    The Japanese General that encouraged militarism. He was the one who led Pearl Harbor
  53. French Indochina
    French colonial regions of china
  54. Philippines
    targeted by Japan in 1941
  55. Bank Runs
    People who went to the banks and got their money while they were failing.
  56. Business Cycle
    The recurring and fluctuating levels of economic activity that an economy experiences
  57. Hoovervilles
    Chanty towns set up by President hoover
  58. F.D. Roosevelt
    Democratic president elected during the great depression. established the new deal
  59. Adolph Hitler
    The Nazi ruler of Germany.
  60. Black Shirts
    Mussolini's violent army
  61. Maginot Line
    A defense set up by the French
  62. Winston Churchill
    A new leader that emerged in England
  63. Ethiopia
    Attacked by Italy, and colonized
  64. Crystal Night
    when the germans killed many jews during the night time "The night of broken glass"
  65. Invasion of Poland
    The Nazi invasion of poland caused the allied powers to intervene on Germany.
  66. Dunkirk
    Where the English were saved after a naval battle with Germany, in the english channel
  67. Weimar Republic
    The democratic republic set up after WWI, failed and implemented the Dawes plan
  68. Neutrality Acts
    The US passed many neutrality acts to stay out of the war.
  69. Manchurian Incident
    Japan captured cities in Manchuria for raw materials
  70. Dutch East Indies
    capture of the dutch east indies by Japan
  71. Hong Kong
    The capital of Japan
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causes of World War two
causes of World war two flashcards
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