Legal Terminology

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SugaBear
ID:
153312
Filename:
Legal Terminology
Updated:
2012-05-10 14:00:02
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Legal Law Terminology Voc
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Description:
Legal Terminology Chapter 7 Steps in a Trial
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  1. adjudicating
    determining finally by a court
  2. adjudication
    a court judgment
  3. admissible evidence
    evidence that is pertinent and proper to be considered in reaching a decision following specific rules
  4. affirm
    approve
  5. appeal
    a request to a higher court to review the decision of a lower court
  6. appeal bond
    a bond ofter required as security to guarantee the cost of an appeal, especially in civil cases
  7. appellant
    a party brining an appeal
  8. appellee
    a party against whom an appeal is brought. Also called defendant in error and respondent
  9. case in chief
    the introduction of evidence to prove the allegations that were made in the pleadings and in the opening statement
  10. circumstantial evidence
    evidence that relates to some fact other than the fact in issue; indirect evidence
  11. closing argument
    final statement by an attorney summarizing the evidence that has been introduced. Also called summation
  12. consent decree
    a decree that is entered by consent of the parties, usually without admitting guilt or wrongdoing
  13. court of equity
    a court that administers justice according to the system of equity
  14. cross-examination
    the examination of an opposing witness
  15. decree
    the decision of a court of equity
  16. defendant in error
    a party against whom an appeal is brought. Also called appellee and respondent
  17. deliberate
    to consider slowly and carefully
  18. direct evidence
    evidence that directly relates to the fact in issue
  19. direct examination
    the examination of one's own witness.
  20. DNA
    abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid. The double strand of molecules that carries a cell's unique genetic code
  21. DNA sample
    biological evidence of any nature that is utilized to conduct DNA analysis
  22. documentary evidence
    evidence consisting of such documents as written contracts, business records, correspondence, wills, and deeds
  23. equity
    that which is just and fair
  24. exhibit
    tangible items that are introduced in evidence
  25. hung jury
    a deadlocked jury; one that cannot agree
  26. injunction
    an order of a court of equity to do or refrain from doing a particular act.
  27. judgment
    the decision of a court of law
  28. judgment notwithstanding the verdict
    a judgment rendered in favor of one party notwithstanding a verdict in favor of the other party. Also called judgment n.o.v.
  29. judgment n.o.v.
    a judgment rendered in favor of one party notwithstanding a verdict in favor of the other party (n.o.v. is the abbreviation for non obstante cerdicto, which means notwithstanding a verdict?
  30. judgment on merits
    a court decision based on the evidence and facts introduced
  31. judgment on the pleadings
    a judgment rendered without hearing evidence if the court determines that it is clear from the pleadings that one party is entitled to win the case
  32. jury charge
    instuctions to a jury on matters of law
  33. leading questions
    questions that suggest to the witness the desired answer
  34. mistrial
    an invalid trial of no consequence
  35. motion for a directed verdict
    in a jury trial, a motion asking the court to find in favor of the moving party as a matter of law, without having the case go to the jury
  36. non obstante verdicto
    abbreviated n.o.v. Notwithstanding a verdict
  37. opening statement
    an attorney's outline to the jury of anticipated proof.
  38. polling the jury
    a procedure in which individual jurors are asked whether they agree with the verdict given by the jury foreperson
  39. preliminary injunction
    an injunction issued by a court before hearing the merits of a case
  40. prima facie case
    legally sufficient for proof unless rebutted of contradicted by other evidence
  41. questions of fact
    questions about the activities that took place between the parties that caused them to go to court
  42. questions of law
    questions relating to the application or interpretation of law
  43. real evidence
    actual objects that have a bearing on the case, such as an item of clothing, a weapon found at the scene of a crime, a photograph, a chart, or a model
  44. rebuttal
    the introduction of evidence that will destroy the effect of the evidence introduced by the other side
  45. relevant evidence
    evedence tending to prove or disprove an alleged fact
  46. remand
    send back
  47. respondent
    one who is called on to answer a petition. A party against whom an appeal is brought. Also called appellee and defendant in error
  48. reverse
    make void. Also called set aside
  49. ripe for judgment
    the stage of a trial when everything has been completed except the court's decision
  50. sequester
    to set apart; isolate
  51. set aside
    make void. Also called reverse
  52. summation
    final statement by an attorney summarizing the evidence that has been introduced. Also called closing argument
  53. testimonial evidence
    oral testimony of witnesses made under oath in open court
  54. vacate
    annul
  55. verdict
    the decision of a jury
  56. verdict contrary to law
    a verdict that is incorrect as a matter of law

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