GI alterations- definitions

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Author:
nika.steffan
ID:
153340
Filename:
GI alterations- definitions
Updated:
2012-05-10 17:36:14
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patho pharm final GI alterations defintions
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patho pharm final *GI alterations- definitions
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  1. hematochezia
    Bright red or burgundy-colored blood from the rectum
  2. Secretory Diarrhea
    Form of large-volume diarrhea caused by excessive mucosal secretion of chloride- or bicarbonate-rich fluid or inhibition of net sodium absorption

    Bacteria- E. Coli
  3. Osmotic Diarrhea
    Due to a nonabsorbable substance in the intestine that draws water into the lumen by osmosis

    Lactose deficiency
  4. Motility Diarrhea
    Caused by resection of the small intestine.

    This is often found after bypass surgery (bariatric)
  5. Partietal Pain
    arises from the parietal peritoneum

    -more localized and intense than visceral pain
  6. Visceral Pain
    arises from the organs themselves

    -often poorly localized and dull
  7. Referred Pain
    well-localized visceral pain felt at some distance from a diseased or an affected organ
  8. Hematemesis
    Blood in vomit.
  9. Melena
    Description for dark or tarry stools.
  10. Occult Bleeding
    • Usually caused by slow, chronic bleeding, and it is not obvious.
    • "not seen by naked eye"
  11. Acute gastritis symptoms
    Often has vague abdominal discomfort, epigastric tenderness, and bleeding
  12. Chronic gastritis symptoms
    include anorexia, fullness, nausea, vomiting, and pain
  13. Cushing Ulcer
    a stress ulcer related to severe head trauma or brain surgery and is caused by overstimulation of the vagus nerve and decreased mucosal blood flow
  14. Ischemic ulcer
    Stress ulcer that develops within hours of an event such as septicemia, hemorrhage, multisystem trauma, severe burns, or CHF
  15. Ulcerative Colitis is a ______ ________ ________ and is most common in ...
    • -chronic inflammatory condition
    • -common in Jews and Euros. 20- 40 yo
  16. Appendicitis
    an inflammation of the vermiform appendix and commonly occurs between the ages of 20 and 30. There is often periumbilical pain that can be vague
  17. Diverticulum
    an abnormal pouch or sac opening from a hollow organ (as the colon or bladder)
  18. Diverticulosis
    asymptomatic diverticular disease, which is herniation or saclike outpouching of mucosa through the muscle layers of the colon wall
  19. Diverticulitis
    • inflammation of the diverticula in the colon. Patients are usually older and have a crampy pain, often in the left lower quadrant,
    • fever, chills, pain, cramps
  20. Hepatitis A transmits via
    fecal-oral route
  21. Hepatitis B transmits via
    infected blood or bodily fluids
  22. Hep C transmits via
    infected blood or bodily fluids
  23. Prodromal Phase of Hepatitis
    jaundice, fatigue, anorexia, nausea and vomiting- flu like symptoms
  24. Chronic Constipation may be a result of ...
    • low-residue diet
    • sedentary lifestyle
    • opiate use- particularly codeine
    • aging

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