Gram negative bacteria

Card Set Information

Author:
dtminhthu
ID:
15338
Filename:
Gram negative bacteria
Updated:
2010-04-20 10:21:46
Tags:
gram negative bacteria microbiology
Folders:

Description:
gram negative bacteria, microbiology
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dtminhthu on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. type III secretion system (introduces exoenzymes S&T), endotoxin, Alginate capsule, pilli (adherence), Exotoxin A (disrupts protein synthesis), pyocyanin, LasA & LasB (degrade elastin), antibiotic resistance (beta lactamase),
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  2. slime layer, Pigments: pyocyanin (blue green- catalyzes production of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide & stimulates IL-8 release, leading to enhanced attraction of neutrophils) and fluorescein, transient in GI, corneal ulcers, hot tub folliculitis, pulmonary infections, UTIs,exotoxin A causes burn wound infections, Ecthyma gangrenosum
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  3. From Water, raw veggies, flowers and easily acquired in hospital setting
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  4. Rod pairs in shape, polar flagellum, aerobic, catalase +, oxidase +
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  5. Polysaccharide capsule, pili, cell wall (LPS), IgA proteases, facultative anaerobic
    Haemophilus influenzae
  6. Cell wall componts impair ciliary fxn of resp tract, common cause of disease in unvaccinated children (meningitis, epiglottitis, cellulitis), grows in same media w/ Staph aureus
    Haemophilus influenzae
  7. Facultative anaerobic, catalase +, oxidase +, non-motile, round rods
    Haemophilus influenzae
  8. Facultative anaerobic, catalase +, oxidase +, non-motile, round rods bacteria. Where does it reside?
    Respiratory tract
  9. Tender, erythrematous papule on genital, chancroid (soft painful sore)
    Haemophilus ducreyi
  10. Polymyxin (antibiotic that binds LPS) resistance
    Haemophilus ducreyi
  11. Facultative anaerobic, catalase -, oxidase +, round rods. Where do they reside?
    Human genital
  12. exotoxin (A&B subunits) inhibits negative regulator of adenylate cyclase --> ↑ cAMP, children younger than 1 at greater risk, whooping cough
    Bordetella pertussis
  13. Strictly aerobic, round rods, catalase +, oxidase +, non-motile, transmitted via respiratory droplets
    Bordetella pertussis
  14. Pertactin and filamentous hemagglutinin (binding), Adenylate cyclase/hemolysin (↑ cAMP, ↑ edema), tracheal cytotoxin, toxin that aids in attachmt & ↑ mucus secretion)
    Bordetella pertussis
  15. Diplococci that causes Urethral/vaginal discharge, dysuria, endocervicitis, pelvic inflam disease, ophthalmia in infants
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  16. Pilli, IgA protease, porin proteins, Opa proteins (outer membrane for binding/signaling), LOS (lipid A that lacks O antigen), beta-lactamase produces penicillin resistance diplococci
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  17. Non-motile aerobic diplococci present in human genital tract
    Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  18. Photophobia, petechial, purpuric, & rash, septicemia, thrombosis, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome- over whelming disseminated intravascular coagulation, w/ bleeding into brain & adrenal gland
    Neisseria meningitidis
  19. catalase +, oxidase + non-motile diplococci bacteria in human nasopharynx
    Neisseria meningitidis
  20. Polysaccharide capsule, pilli, IgA protease, porin proteins, LOS (lipid A that lacks O antigen), transmitted via respiratory droplets and blood stream, diplococci
    Neisseria meningitidis
  21. Zoonotic, Ulceroglandular tularemia; localized lymphadenopathy, Oculoglandular tularemia, Pneumonic tularemia
    Francisella tularensis
  22. Polysaccharide capsule, Inhibits phagosome-lysosome fusion, beta lactamase, transmitted via tick bite, air, ingestion, and trauma
    Francisella tularensis
  23. Spore forming,Q fever; small cell variants: extremely resistant to environmental stress and large cell variants: multiply in host monocytes or macrophages, Extremely stable in harsh environmental conditions, can survive in soil/milk for months- years, Vasculitis in skin, subcutane tissues, CNS, lungs, heart, kidneys, liver, spleen;
    Coxiella burnetii
  24. Transmitted via inhalation of aerosols of urine, feces, amniotic fluid, or placental tissue
    Coxiella burnetii
  25. Antigenic variation in expression of the cell wall LPS antigen, found in domestic livestock especially in pregnant animals
    Coxiella burnetii
  26. Strictly aerobic non-motile rod bacteria that you get from Cattle, goats, pigs (with bacteria from pigs getting most severe symptoms)
    Brucella
  27. Inhibiting phagolysosome fusion, Suppressing production of TNF-α, Preventing release of toxic enzymes from intracellular granules, induce granuloma formation. Transmitted via Contact w/ animals, unpasturized dairy
    Brucella
  28. Zoonotic, non-encapsulated, nonfermenter, splenomegaly, intensity of fever and symptoms recur and recede at about 10 day intervals (aerobic rod bacteria)
    Brucella
  29. Extremely sensitive to O2, endarteritis lesions, Nontender chancre, mucocutaneous rash; condylomata lata (Raised lesions, wartlike, highly infectious), Granulomatous lesions, congenital form in infants (deafness, teeth/bone malformation)
    Treponema pallidum
  30. Thin helical bacteria, sexually transmitted, Resist phagocytosis, adhere to host fibronectin, hyaluronidase facilitates perivascular infiltration
    Treponema pallidum
  31. Anaerobic, non-polar flagella, thin helical bacteria in human genital tract
    Treponema pallidum
  32. No cell wall, urease +, opportunistic, Nongonococcl urethritis
    Ureaplasma urealyticum
  33. #1 tick borne disease in US, erythema migrans (bulls-eye lesions), facial nerve palsy, zoonotic, linked to non-Hodgkin lymphomas
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  34. Present in White-footed mice, white-tailed deer
    Borellia burgdorferi
  35. Virulence factors mainly unknown but bacteria is Motility,and can survive in absence of iron
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  36. Microaerobic, non-polar flagella, helical bacteria
    Borrelia burgdorferi
  37. Slime layer, Rocky mountain spotted fever (rash, myalgia, fever, vomit, confusion), typhus, GI, periorbital swelling, stiff neck
    Rickettsia rickettsii
  38. Giemsa stain, Specific fluorescein-labeled Abs, PCR, non-motile small bacillus aerobic bacteria
    Rickettsia rickettsii
  39. Transmitted via hard shelled ticks, aerobic bacteria, only found in cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells of small wild animals
    Rickettsia rickettsii
  40. P1 adhesin (adheres & inhibits ciliary action), superantigen (elicits production of TNF-α, IL1, IL6), very small bacteria shape unknown
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  41. PCR, Mulberry-shaped colonies on media containing sterols, ELISA & Immunofluorescence assays. Present in human respiratory tract
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  42. PCR, Mulberry-shaped colonies on media containing sterols, ELISA & Immunofluorescence assays. Present in human respiratory tract. What's the O2 requirement?
    Strictly aerobic
  43. No cell wall, urease +, opportunistic, Nongonococcl urethritis, Adherence proteins, inhibits host catalase, activate macrophages and cytokine production. What's the O2 requirement?
    Facultative anaerobic
  44. swineherd’s disease; swamp or mud fever), headache, myalgia, chills, ab pain, & conjunctivitis, Severe disease can progress to vascular collapse,
    thrombocytopenia, hemorrhage, & hepatic/renal dysfunction
    Leptospira interrogans
  45. what's the O2 requirement for Leptospira interrogans
    obligate aerobic
  46. Thin helical bacteria w/ hooks, found in rodents and other small animals
    Leptospira interrogans

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview