History 101

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  1. which president initialli proposed that the federal government adopt the policy of inidal removal to presr native american culture?
    Thomas Jefferson
  2. what modern American states made up the territory of the native americans peoples knowns as the Five Civilized Tribes??
    • M ississippi
    • A labama
    • N orth Carolina
    • F lorida
    • G eorgia
  3. which one of the Five Civilized Tribes adopted a republican form of government and costitution modeled on those of the united states?
  4. What product did americas first large scale modern factory system produce??
    Cotton Cloth
  5. What was the Slave Power Conspiracy?
    • South wanted to keep and protect slavery by having the goverment support slavery
    • The Republicans so slave power as way to liberty for free labor
  6. What was the Manifest Destiny?
    • Americans belief that us should expand across the continent
    • it encourage american settlement of european colonial and indian lands in the great plains and the west
  7. How many states fought for the confederacy
    • 5 counting west virginia
    • Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, Misssouri, and West Virginia
  8. What was the 1st Confederate
    state to secede?
    South Carolina was the first state to secede
  9. What issues did the wilmot priviso , compromise of 1850, and the supreme courts decision in the dred schott case address?
    • Congress had no power to eliminate slavery from any territory
    • Any territory aquired from mexico had its own decision on slavery.
  10. what was andrew jacksons policy toward Native Americans?
    • The indian Removal
    • He believed that everyone would be happier if the Indians were relocated, by force, if necessary, on the western side of the Mississippi River.
    • he made treats wiht tribes to get them moved to missisispi
    • river
  11. What were the rle of women in the early 19th century and how did they interact with the larger male dominate society?
    What were their avenues to escape?
    • For working class women worked on farms and in factories. Even when they married and had children housework was very hard
    • working class girls began to get some educations
    • wealthy women were kept busy running the household and organising the servants
  12. Horance Mann
    • a massachusetts lawyer and whig politician who served as director of the states board of educations
    • eas the eras leading educational reformert
    • the common school
    • he establised tax supportd schools system for its children
  13. Charles Grandisons Finney
    • leader of second great awakening-
    • known as an innovative revivalist, an opponent of Old School Presbyterian theology, an advocate of Christian perfectionism, a pioneer in social reforms in favor of women and blacks, a religious writer, and president at Oberlin College
    • Oberlin became active early in the movement to end slavery and was among
    • the first American colleges to co-educate blacks and women with white
    • men
  14. Elli Whitney
    • was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin.
    • the musket machine. He had a great impact on the U.S.;
    • he help supply the war with 10,000 muskets and improved the cotton business.
  15. Sam houston
    • was a nineteenth-century American statesman, politician, and soldier
    • was elected as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas,
    • U.S. Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as a governor of the state.
    • Sam Houston was a great political figure.
    • He got Texas independence on the day of the Battle of San Jacinto.
    • U.S. Congressmen. He was a frontiersmen, statesmen, great orator, and accomplished military man. He is one of the founding fathers of Texas and a great Indian Rights Supporter.
  16. Dorothea Dix
    • was an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress,
    • created the first generation of American mental asylums.
    • She got humane treatment of the mentally ill who were in jail, and also built Mentally Ill hospitals.
  17. William Lloyd
    • was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer.
    • leader in the Abolitionist Movement of the
    • 19th Century in the United States.
    • He was a newspaper editor and publisher, founder and
    • President of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and
    • campaigned for 40 years against slavery.
    • he went on to become an important figure in the Woman's Suffrage Movement and the Temperance Movement.
  18. What was the major political cotroversy of jacksons presidency
    • his policy toward native americans inidan removal
    • was to provide ladn for indians in the west
  19. How did many southerners define slavery after 1830s?

    What Events brought about this change?
    • Before they defined as nessessary evil
    • After began to defend slavery as a "positive good."
    • slaves were in actuality happy, content and well
    • cared for.
    • They even went as far as saying that being a slave was
    • better than being a worker in a northern factory, a condition referred to as "wage slavery

    • Growing abolitonist sentiment.
    • Increased reliance on cottyon as an export crop
    • The defended nullification, opposed tariffs and worked to get strictfugitive slave laws passed.
  20. what is wage slavery?
    • refers to a situation of quasi-voluntary slavery where a person's livelihood depends on wages, especially when the dependence is total and immediate
    • was an embodiment of freedom
    • the free laborer could change jobsif he wished, accumulate property and enjoy a stable family life
  21. What was the Spoil System?
    • also known as a patronage system)
    • is a practice where a political party, after winning an election,
    • gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party—
    • as opposed to a system of awarding offices on the basis ofsome measure of merit independent of political activity
  22. what what was the treaty that ended the mexican american war?
    what concessions the unted states recived from Mexico?
    • The Treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
    • mexico gave usa texas california new mexico, arizona nevada and utah
  23. What was the Utopian Movement?
    • The Utopian Movement was a time period during American History when
    • people with radical views started to create their own perfect communities.
    • These were called Utopian Colonies, or perfect little
    • communities. However, most of them were unsuccessful and died out after a
    • few years for various reasons.
    • Some examples of these colonies were
    • Brook Farm, New Harmony, and Shakers.
  24. Know-Nothings
    They were a nativist party that was anit-catholic and wanted to decrease immigration and make life difficult for immigrants.
  25. Who were the whigs?
    • U.S. political party. Organized by opponents of Pres. Andrew Jackson
    • the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernization and economic protectionism.
  26. Wat is the significance of the 49th parallel?
    . the boundary between British and American regions of the Pacific Northwest

    The claim by presidential candidate James K. Polk of American territorial boundary
  27. waht were the objective of the american colonization society?
    to support the return of free African Americans to what was considered greater freedom in Africa.
  28. what was the spirit of popular sovereignty?
    What did it include and how was it transmitted?
    was the right of the residents of these territories to vote themselves on the issue of slavery
  29. WHat was bleeding kansas all about
    • was a series of violent political confrontations involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements,
    • At the heart of the conflict was the question of whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free state or slave state. As such, Bleeding Kansas was a proxy war between Northerners and Southerners over the issue of slavery in the United States.
Card Set:
History 101
2012-05-13 04:48:15

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