Chapter 13 nutritional sciences review

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lindseypb
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Chapter 13 nutritional sciences review
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2012-05-12 19:51:07
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Chapter 13
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Review
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  1. Dave typically has several cups of coffee with cream and sugar with his breakfast. How much is his ability to absorb the iron in the sausage he eats for breakfast diminished as a result?

    a)0%

    b)5-15%

    c)20-30%

    d)40-70%
    A
  2. Which trace ineral is needed by enzymes to detoxify drugs in the liver?

    a)fluoride

    b)magnesium

    c)chromium

    d)molybdenum
    D
  3. Consuming large amounts of ____ can cause a garlic like odour of the breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and brittleness of the teeth and fingernails.

    a)selenium

    b)zinc

    c)chromium
    A
  4. Which trace mineral is not an essential nutrient but has long been recognized for strengthening bones and teeth?

    a)fluoride

    b)magnesium

    c)zinc
    A
  5. In order to be classified as a trace mineral, a mineral must be required by the body in amounts less than ___mg/day.

    a)10

    b)100

    c)1000
    B
  6. IODINE UPTAKE BY THE THYROID IS STIUMLATED BY:


    a)thyroid regulating hormone

    b)thyroid stimulating hormone

    c)goitrogen
    B
  7. Rosetta is a dietitian in a small mining town int he west. Because many of her patients and clients are miners, which mineral may be present in their bodies at potentially toxic levels?

    a)copper

    b)magnesium

    c)manganese
    C
  8. Chromiums bioavailability is decresed by:


    a)iron

    B)copper

    c)vitamin C

    d)antacids
    D
  9. Dairy products are a good source of:

    a)molybdenum and iron

    b)copper and molybdenum

    c)chromuium and manganese

    d)iodine and zinc
    D
  10. Goitrogens can inhibit iodine uptake by the pituatary gland T/F?
    False
  11. Iodine defiency results in ALL of the following EXCEPT:

    a)severe mental retardation

    b)excessive growth

    c)infertility

    d)increased risk of mortality
    B
  12. Kate is shopping for an iron supplement. To enhance absorbtion, which of the following iron forms will her dietitian suggest she look for on the label of the product she chooses?

    a)ferric

    b)ferrous

    c)ferrite
    B
  13. Anemia caused by iron defiency is characterized by small, pale red blood cells T/F
    True
  14. If Sue, at age 22 and not pregnant, attempted to meet her RDA for iron by eating a 3oz hamburgers, how many would she have to eat each day?

    a)2

    b)4

    c)6

    d)8
    C
  15. What iron-containing protein is found in muscle cells?

    a)hemoglobin

    b)myoglobin

    c)albumin
    B
  16. A genetic condition that decreases zinc absorbtion is called:

    a))acrodermititis enteropathica

    b)hereditary hemochromatosis

    c)cretinism
    A
  17. Josie is pregnant and craves red clay from her back yard. Because of her ____ the dietitian suspects she has an ____ defiency.

    a)geoanemia, zinc

    b)geographia, copper

    c)geographia, iodine

    d)geophagia, iron
    D
  18. Johnathan, a dietitian working with mothers and their young children, notices that many of the children are given bottled water rater than that from the community water supply. He plans to discuss with the mothers the advantage of having sufficient____ in the diet of children.

    a)selenium

    b)copper

    c)fluoride
    C
  19. Chromium is needed for proper digestive system function T/F
    False
  20. Which trace mineral is needed for growth, reproduction, immunity, and protein synthesis?

    a) zinc

    b)magnesium

    c)chromium
    A
  21. The snack item richest in nonheme iron here is:

    a)mushrooms stuffed with bread crumbs

    b)non fat yogurt with fruit
    c) potato chips
    A
  22. Which of the following foods contain polyphenols?

    a)tea

    b)chocolate

    c)blueberries
    A
  23. Chromiums bioavailability is increased by medications such as aspirin and which of the following vitamins?

    a)Vitamin A

    b)Vitamin C

    c)Vitamin D
    B
  24. When an elite athlete decides to donate blood during training and then have it transfused back into his body just before a competition, he is trying to increase his____ and therefore the amount of _____ available to tissues in order to increase the rate of ______ energy metabolism.


    a)myoglobin, cytochromes,aerobic

    b)transferrin, glucose,anaerobic

    c)hemoglobin, oxygen, aerobic
    C
  25. ____and____ compete for the same transport ptoteins in enterocyte cell membranes

    a)iron, copper

    b)zinc, iodine

    c)selenium, manganese
    A
  26. ____are excreted from the body in the urine

    a) iron and iodine

    b)iodine and selenium

    c)selenium and manganese
    B
  27. Excess manganese is excreted:

    a)via the lungs

    b)in the urine

    c) in the feces
    C
  28. Green leafy vegetables and legumes are excellent sources of heme iron T/F
    False
  29. Sarah has frequent heartburn, so she regularily takes antacids. To lessen her risk of developing a(n)______defiency she could add _____ to her diet.

    a)selenium, vegetable oil

    b)zinc, nuts

    c)copper, legumes
    C
  30. If sadie wanted to avoid cruciferous vegetables she would avoid__________.


    a)green beans, broccoli, sweet potatoes

    b)carrots, mushrooms,spinach

    c)cabbage, cauliflower, brussels sprouts
    C

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