poli sic FINAl cards.txt

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poli sic FINAl cards.txt
2012-05-11 20:00:16
American Government

American Government
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  1. Internationlism
    American interest in peace abroad and liberty at home required its permanent enrollment in world affair
  2. Who are the working poor?
    Individuals who seek a job or have one but don�t get paid enough to unclaimed bankruptcy
  3. Give an example of an alleviative strategy for poverty
    Cash benefits , welfare
  4. Give an example of in-kind benefits
  5. Give 4 examples of environmental problems
    oil spills, acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion
  6. Give both the liberal and conservative view of welfare.
    liberal: support \ just right �conservative smother initiative and independence
  7. Demographic changes that are making changes necessary to social security retirement are
    low birth rate and longer life expectancy because of the baby boom enough to pay and go
  8. Since the end of the second world war, major foreign policy initiatives have originated from the US presidency
  9. During the presidency of bill Clinton the US intervened in
    Bosnia Haiti Kosovo
  10. D�tente
    means a relaxation of tension between countries
  11. What does the Hughes Ryan amendment (1974) require?
    If passed�
  12. Why is congress poorly equipped to conduct foreign policy?
    Poclism-narrow minded organization weakness
  13. What are the BRIC countries?
    Brazil Russia India china biggest economy
  14. Which is the elite corps of employment in the state department?
    Foreign service officers
  15. In 2003 congress added a program to Medicare. What was it?
    Prescription drug benefits part d
  16. What the characteristic of �underclass�poverty
    chronic unemployment unstable family environment welfare dependency high incident of crime
  17. What did the environment reach the public policy agenda in the 1960 and 70�s?
    Public view became post materialistic quality view of life became post mate like Santa Barbra oil spill 3 mile love canal successful industrialization of war
  18. Internationalism is a belief that America�s interest in peace abroad and liberty at home requires its�
    permanent involvement in world affairs
  19. The immediate reason for the Truman doctrine were�
    civil war in Greece and soviet pressure on turkey
  20. Opponents of Medicare in1965 called it
    socialized medicine
  21. How did the welfare reform act fundamentally change welfare?
    Placing work and training requirements time limits 2 consecutively 5 total life time changed to TANF
  22. Which is an example of public assistance?
    Welfare ( supplemental security income
  23. The original social security act of 1935
    insures only workers in commerce and industry after 1935 congress added other occupation groups to the act including: self-employment farmers, military personnel, self-employed professionals, the president, vice president and members of congress
  24. Regulatory agencies like EPA ultimately receive their authority from
    congress makes laws
  25. George Washington Farwell address advocated that US foreign policy should be one of
  26. Environmental regulations
    promise environmental benefits and impose monetary costs
  27. Which cabinet department administers the food stamp program?
    USDA apartment of ag
  28. What are examples of legislation passed under the
    great society?
    Food stamps, civil rights, voting, under president Johnson
  29. What programs were implemented under the new deal?
    • Social programs under Roosevelt: social security,
    • FTAP, unemployment.
  30. BRIC countries
    Brazil Russia India china
  31. International monetary fund
    • United Nations designed to promote international
    • monetary cooperation
  32. World Bank
    specialized agency of the United Nations that makesloan to poor nations for economic development _BORROW_
  33. DOD
    • established national security 1947, formulating
    • military policy and maintain armed forces
  34. ACDA
    • agency of the state dept. responsible for research on
    • arms control and often involved in the actual negotiations
  35. Carter doctrine
    • 1980 reverse Persian Gulf vital interest of US attend
    • to outside power to control will be resisted nuclear war_
  36. Truman Doctrine
    containment of communism
  37. State department
    • routine daily functions of foreign policy, represents united states
    • abroad, involved in international negotiations, supervised foreign aid
    • programs, policy recommendation to president
  38. Marshal plan
    • 1947 secretary state general European countries cash to recover grants
    • integration
  39. The evolution of American social security programs after 1935 has been
    incrementalism – slowly charged
  40. George Washington’s farewell address in regards to foreign policy
    • Expand our trading relations with other nations, but have as little
    • political connection as possible with foreign nations.
  41. National environmental policy act
    • national policy which will encourage productive and enjoyable harmony
    • between man and his environment; to promote efforts which will prevent or
    • eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and
    • welfare of man
  42. EPA
    agency that controls and air and water pollution and protect environment
  43. Food stamps
    • programs that provided the eligible needy with coupons that can be used
    • to purchase food
  44. “In-kind” benefits
    non cash benefits such as medical needy social welfare
  45. The new deal
    est. persuasive and active role for the national gov
  46. The Great society
    • president Lyndon society aggressive gov action to help the poor and
    • disatvange
  47. Social security-
    • passed by new deal insurance financed by taxes on workers and employment
    • programs
  48. Domestic policy
    • public policy that comprised of policy decision on matters affecting
    • individuals within political systems
  49. Social insurance
    • welfare programs
    • provide cash or services to aged disabled and special needs
  50. Welfare
    • public money given to people whose desire to live off public dole is
    • greater than their desire to work for living
  51. Welfare reform act-
    • 1996 law that fundamentally altered the AFDC welfare program by renaming
    • it TANF and placing work and training requirements as well as time limits on
    • its use.
  52. Medicare-
    social insurance 2nd national gov great society elderly and disabled
  53. TANF-
    temporary assistance for needy fam
  54. Medicaid
    • means tested medical care programs providing in-kind medical benefits
    • for the poor
  55. Medicare-
    social insurance 2nd national gov great society elderly and disabled
  56. Unemployment
    • UI, provides workers, who lose their jobs through no fault of their own,
    • with weekly unemployment insurance payments. The UI program is 100% funded by
    • employers who pay taxes on wages paid to employees
  57. Alleviative strategies to handle poverty
    • in-kind benefits: housing assistance, school lunch program, emergency
    • fuel assistance
  58. “Underclass” poverty
    • proportion of the poor comprised of individuals isolated from rest of
    • society.
  59. “Working poor”
    individual, employed or seeking employment but still defined as poor
  60. Bush’s plan for social security
    • limiting benefits for wealthy retirees;indexing benefits to prices
    • rather than wages;increasing the retirement age; and discouraging taking Social
    • Security benefits early.
  61. Social security act
    • passed in the new deal: system of old age insurance financed by taxes on
    • worker and employers, compensation for the unemployed jointly administered by
    • the national state gov grants to the state to provide cash assistanfe to
    • dependent children ,blinded dis
  62. Public assistance
    • Government benefits provided to the needy, usually in the form of cash
    • or vouchers.
  63. liberal ideals of welfare
    • initiate and extended the program is right necessary to help redress
    • economic imbalances in capitalist systems
  64. Conservative
    • opposed the creation and extension of social welfare programs bcuz
    • entrust gov with decisions that should be left to individuals and groups like
    • independence and citizen mindless bureaucracy
  65. Supplemental security income (SSI)
    • social security administration where by the national gov guarantees a
    • certain level of income for the needy, aged, blind, and disabled
  66. What are examples of legislation passed under the great society
    Food stamps, civil rights, voting, under president Johnson
  67. Bush doctrine
    no inside power can claim Persian golf Iran Iraq and north Korea
  68. Détente
    • relaxation applied to soviet American relations in
    • early1970-arms control improved
  69. Manifest Destiny
    concept which heavily influenced American policy in the 1800s. The idea was the driving force behind the rapid expansion of America into the West from the East, and it was heavily promoted in newspapers, posters, and through other mediums. While Manifest Destiny was not itself an official government policy, it led to the passage of legislation such as the Homestead Act,
  70. Containment
    the blocking of another nation's attempts to spread communism influencean act or policy of restricting the territorial growth or ideological influence of another, especially a hostile nation
  71. Hughes-Ryan Amendment
    1974 United States federal law that amended the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. The Act was named for its co-authors, Senator Harold E. Hughes (D-Iowa) and Representative Leo Ryan (D-CA). The Act required the President of the United States to report all covert operations of the Central Intelligence Agency to one or more Congressional committees within a set time limit.
  72. NATO
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
    • The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
  73. Cold War
    conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States. It is fought by all means - propaganda, economic war, diplomatic haggling and occasional military clashes
  74. Department of Homeland Security
    (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government, created in response to the September 11 attacks, and with the primary responsibilities of protecting the United States of America and U.S. Territories (including Protectorates)[vague] from and responding to terrorist attacks, man-made accidents, and natural disasters
  75. WTO
    World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.
  76. The SSI program is administered by which department?
    Social security