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2012-05-12 12:12:04
ancasc aplang terms

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  1. Abstract Language
    Lauguage descirbing ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people or places.
  2. Active voice
    The subject of the sentence performs the action.
  3. Allusion
    An indirect reference to something with which the reader is supposed to be familiar.
  4. Ambiguity
    An event or situation that may be interpreted in more than one way.
  5. Analogy
    A comparison to a directly parallel case.
  6. Anecdote
    A brief recounting of a relevant episode.
  7. Annotation
    Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, clarify, or prompt futher thought.
  8. Antecedent
    The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
  9. Apostrophe
    A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity.
  10. Attitude of the author/tone
    A writer's attitude toward his subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.
  11. Classicism
    Art or literature characterized by a realistic view of people and the world
  12. Concrete Language
    Language that describes specific, observable things, peoples or places, rather than ideas or qualities.
  13. Diction
    Word choice, particularly as an element of style.
  14. Colloquial
    Ordinary or familiar type of conversation.
  15. Connotation
    Implied meaning rather than literal meaning.
  16. Denotation
    the literal, explicit meaning of a word, without its connotations.
  17. Jargon
    The diction used by a group which practices a similar profession or activity.
  18. Vernacular
    Language or dialect of a particular country, language or dialect of a regional clan or group, plain everyday speech.
  19. Didactic
    A term used to describe fiction, nonfiction or poety that teaches a specific lesson or moral or provides a model of correct behavior or thinking.
  20. Adage
    A folk saying with a lesson
  21. Allegory
    A story, fictional or non fictional, in which characters, things, and events represent qualities or concepts.
  22. Aphorism
    A terse statement which expresses a general truth or moral principle.
  23. Homily
    This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
  24. Ellipsis
    The deliberate omission of a word or phrase from prose done for effect by the author.
  25. Epigram
    A short poem with a clever twist at the end, or a concise and witty statement.
  26. Epigraph
    A quotation or aphorism at the beginnning of a literary work suggestive of theme.
  27. Euphemism
    A more agreeable or less offensive substitute for generally unpleasant words or concepts.
  28. Explication
    The act of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text.
  29. Figurative Language
    The opposite of "literal language"
  30. Hyperbole
  31. Idiom
    A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
  32. Metaphor
    Making an implied comparsion, not using "like," "as," or other such words.
  33. Simile
    Using words such as "like" or "as" to make a direct comparison between two very different things.
  34. Genre
    The major category into which a literary work fits.
  35. Gothic
    Writing characterized by gloom, mystery, fear and/or death.
  36. Imagery
    Word or words that create a picture in the reader's mind.
  37. Invective
    An emotionall violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
  38. Irony
    When the opposite of what you expect to happen does.
  39. Verbal irony
    When you say something and mean the opposite/something different.
  40. Dramatic irony
    When the audience of a drama, play, movie, etc. knows something that the character doesn't and would be surprised to find out.
  41. Situational irony
    Found in the plot of a book, story, or movie.
  42. Juxtaposition
    Placing things side by side for the purposes of comparison.
  43. Mood
    The atmosphere created by the literature and accomplished through word choice.
  44. Objectivity
    An author's stance that distances himself from personal involvement.
  45. Oxymoron
    When apparently contradictory terms are grouped together and suggest a paradox.
  46. Paradox
    A seemingly contradictory statement which is actually true.
  47. Parallelism/parallel structure
    Sentence construction which places equal grammatical construction near each other, or repeats identical grammatical patterns.
  48. Anaphora
    Repetition or a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
  49. Antithesis
    Two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses, or even ideas, with parallel structure.
  50. Parenthetical idea
    An idea that is set off from the rest of the sentence.
  51. Parody
    An exaggerated imitation of a serious work for humorous purposes.
  52. Passive voice
    The subject of the sentence receives the action.
  53. Pedantic
    Observing strict adherence to formal rules or literal meaning at the expense of a wider view.
  54. Persona
    The fictional mask or narrator that tells a story.
  55. Rhetoric
    The art of effective communication.
  56. Rhetorical question
    A question not asked for information but for effect.
  57. Romanticism
    Art or literature characterized by an idealistic, perhaps unrealistic view of people and the world, and an emphasis on nature.
  58. Sarcasm
    A generally bitter comment that is ironically worded.
  59. Satire
    A work that reveals a critical attitude toward some element of life to a humorous effect.
  60. Sentence
    A group of words (including subject and verb) that expresses a complete thought.
  61. Appositive
    A word or group or words placed beside a noun or noun substitute to supplement its meaning.
  62. Clause
    A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
  63. Simple sentence
    Contains one independent clause.
  64. Compound sentence
    Contains at least two independent clauses but no dependent clauses.
  65. Complex sentence
    Contains only one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
  66. Compound-complex sentence
    contains two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
  67. Balanced sentence
    One in which two parallel elements are set off against each other like equal weights on a scale.
  68. Loose sentence
    A complex sentence in which the main clause comes first and the subordinate clause follows.
  69. Periodic sentence
    When the main idea is not completed until the end of the sentence.
  70. Declarative sentence
    States an idea
  71. Imperative sentence
    Issues a command.
  72. Interrogative sentence
    Sentences incorporating interrogative pronouns.
  73. Style
    The choices in diction, tone, and syntax that a writer makes.
  74. Symbol
    Anything that represents or stands for somthing else.
  75. Syntax/sentence variety
    Grammatical arrangement of words.
  76. Theme
    The central idea or message of a work.
  77. Thesis
    The sentence or groups of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or proposition.
  78. Transition
    Smooth movement from one paragraph (or idea) to another.
  79. Understatement
    the ironice minimizing of fact, presents something as less significant than it is.
  80. Litotes
    A particular form of understatement, generated by denying the opposite of the statement which otherwise would be used.