BIO 205 Final Birth Control

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Author:
ralejo
ID:
153600
Filename:
BIO 205 Final Birth Control
Updated:
2012-05-12 16:35:35
Tags:
Birth control bio 205 final exam
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Description:
Woo biology
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  1. Contraception
    • Hormonal
    • Barrier
    • Reversible
    • Permanent
    • Reliable
    • Erratic
  2. Abstinence is how effective?
    99.99%
  3. What does Birth Control Pills do?
    • Prevents FSH and LH production
    • No ovulation
    • No implantation
    • 1-3% failure
  4. What are some side effects of the pill?
    • Weight gain
    • Hyper tension - higher chance of strokes and heart attacks
  5. Hormone Patch
    • 1 patch per week, for 3 weks
    • 1 week off patch
    • 1% failure
  6. Hormone Ring
    • Inserts for 3 weeks
    • Releases hormones
    • 2% failure
  7. Hormone Injection
    • Progesterone only
    • Injection every 3 months
    • Changes in cervical mucus
    • Under 1% failure
    • Effects estrogen so you're more likely to hae osteoporosis
  8. Intrauterine Device (IUD)
    • Prevents implantation
    • May release hormones
    • Can remain for 5 years
    • 1-5% failure
  9. Diaphragm
    • Individually fitted
    • Uses spermicide
    • 10% failure if nulliparous
    • 20% failure if previous pregnancy
  10. Nulliparous
    Never been pregnant or had a baby
  11. Cervical Cap
    • Harder to use properly
    • Must be fitted
    • Use spermacide
    • 10-20% failure if nulliparous
    • 25-40% if previous pregnancy
  12. Male Condom
    • Latex, polyerthane or lambskin
    • Different sizes, embellishments
    • 15% failure
  13. Female condom
    • Polyurethane
    • Remove immediately
    • 25% failure rate
  14. Spermacide
    • Jelly, foam, or cream
    • Sperm killing chemicals
    • Try different brands
    • Leave for 8 hours afterwards
    • 25% failure
    • Most women are allergic to it
  15. Sponge
    • Contains spermacide
    • Multiple intercourses
    • 10-20% failure if nulliparous
    • 20-40% failure if previous pregnancy
  16. Tubal Ligation
    • Cut/seal oviducts
    • At c-section or laparoscopic
    • General anesthesia
    • 0-0.1% failure
  17. Vasectomy
    • Cut/Seal Vas Deferens
    • Local, spinal, or general anesthesia
    • Test semen after 3 months
    • Normal testosterone
    • 0-0.1% failure
  18. Coitus Interruptus
    • Sperm may already be in vagina
    • 20-40% failure
    • 5% failure even without penetration
  19. Natural Family Planning
    • Check cervical mucus
    • Difficult to predict ovulation
    • 20-35% failure
  20. Douche
    • "Cleans" the vagina
    • 80% failure
  21. No form of Birth Control
    85% failure rate
  22. "Morning After" Pill
    • High doses of combination hormones
    • Take ASAP; within 72 hours
    • Does NOT prevent fertilization
    • NOT meant to be used routinely
    • 20-25% failure
  23. Abortion
    • NOT birth control
    • 4000 per day in US
  24. RU-486 Pill
    • Medically induced abortion
    • 5% failure

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