Chapter 14 review nutritional sciences

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lindseypb
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153618
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Chapter 14 review nutritional sciences
Updated:
2012-05-12 20:17:01
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Review
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Chapter 14
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  1. Nonmilk complimentary foods should be introduced to an infant between 4-6mos old T/F
    True
  2. Older adults are at _____ risk of developing nutrition related problems?

    a)decreased

    b)the same

    c)increased

    d)no
    C
  3. How much weight should underweight women gain during pregnancy?

    a)15-25lbs

    b)20-30lbs

    c)25-35lbs

    d)28-40lbs
    D
  4. Women with poor folate status in early pregnancy are at incresed risk for having a baby with a neural tube defect T/F
    True
  5. When a child wants to eat only one specific food for an extended amount of time this is known specifically as:

    a)ritual

    b)food jag

    c)pica
    B
  6. Why is maternal cigarette smoking harmful to a pregnant womens developing fetus?

    a)it causes dialation of the blood vessels

    b)it deposits tar in the fetus' lungs

    c)it reduces blood flow to the fetus
    C
  7. WIthin a few days after birts infants lose what percentage of their body weight?

    a)1-2

    b)2-3

    c)4-5

    d)5-6
    D
  8. WHat term is used to describe the situation when households or individuals experience limited food availability oor when access to food is uncertain?

    a)hunger

    b)poverty

    c)food insecurity
    C
  9. During adolesence, males experience and increase in lean mass and a relative decrease in fat mass, females; the opposite T/F
    True
  10. Which of the following foods would be WIC approved?

    a)fruit punch, cheerios, crackers, cheese

    b)peanut butter, milk, rice, canned tuna

    c)eggs, beans, chips, soda
    B
  11. ______ Has high rates of children with stunted growth.


    a)Asia

    b) The carribean

    c)The US

    d)a and b

    e) ALL
    D
  12. How many weeks are included in the first trimester?

    a)10

    b)11

    c)12

    d)13
    D
  13. What term refers to "a change that enhances a skill or capacity to function"

    a)development

    b)growth

    c)maturation
    A
  14. With age, the sensation of thirst is not affected T/F
    False
  15. When purchasing an infant fomula today, parents should purchase formulas that have which of the following nutrients added?

    a)Iron

    b)DHA

    c)AA

    d) All of the above
    D
  16. Shelly realizes that she was eating far too much protein because she was following a low carb diet prior to becoming pregnant, and would like to balance her diet better. The prenatal dietitian helped her calculate that she was consuming 150g of protein per day How many grams of protein can Shelly TAKE OUT of her diet and still meet her needS?


    a)20

    b)60

    d)80
    D
  17. Between 2007 and 2008, nationwide food prices rose by nearly what %?

    a)4

    b)8

    c)12
    B
  18. A defiency of which micronutrient below affect 250million preschool age children in the world, causing blindness?

    a)Vitamin A

    b) Iodine

    c)iron
    A
  19. As an alternative to HRT, some women find that consuming foods made with ____ is helpful

    a)olive oil

    b)soybeans

    c)tomatoes
    B
  20. Whatb percentage of the kcals in human milk come from lipids?

    a)<30

    b)30-40

    c)>50
    C
  21. Shelly haas been breastfeeding for almost 9mos. How many Kca does she currently need to consume each day, if her energy needs were 2400 Kcal/day prior to her pregnancy?

    a)2660

    b)2730

    c)2800
    C
  22. Food insecurity refers to what households or individuals experience when food availability is limited or when access to food is uncertain T/F
    True
  23. All of the following factors are causes of food insecurity except:

    a)inadequate global food supply

    b)poverty

    c)war

    d)natural disasters
    A
  24. Poverty rates are highest amond which of the following groups?

    a)single parent families

    b)middle aged women

    c)minorities
    A
  25. What are the most common measures used to assess growth?

    a)height and weight

    b)height and head circumfrence

    c)height and BMI
    A
  26. How many grams of protein per day should a pregnant woman add to her diet?

    a)15

    b)20

    c)25
    C
  27. Shelly just found out she is pregnant. She is 5' 4" and 185lbs. How many pounds should she weigh if she gains the reccomended amount of weight based on her start weight?

    a)200

    b)215

    c)225
    A
  28. Which substance in human milk enhances the absorbtion of iron and protects the infant from certain infectious diseases?

    a)Vitamin C

    b)Lactoferrin

    c)Transferrin
    B
  29. What initiative was jointly sponsored to improve the nutritional health of older adults?

    a)Nutritional Screening Initiative

    b)Nutritional Assessment initiative

    c)Nutritional Monitoring Initiative
    A
  30. The fetal origins hypothesis is a theory suggesting the conditions during gestational development can alter the risk for chronic diseases later in life T/F
    True

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