Gait

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Author:
jsanders4
ID:
153640
Filename:
Gait
Updated:
2012-06-01 11:04:53
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Gait
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Gait
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  1. What are the different stages of gait
    • 1. initial contact
    • 2. loading response
    • 3. mid stance
    • 4. terminal stance
    • 5. pre-swing
    • 6. initial swing
    • 7. mid-swing
    • 8. terminal swing
  2. Functional task and support of initial contact
    weight acceptance and double limb
  3. Functional task and support of loading response
    weight acceptance and double limb
  4. Functional task and support of mid stance
    single limb support and single limb
  5. Functional task and support of terminal stance
    single limb support and single limb
  6. Functional task and support of pre swing
    swing limb advancement and double limb
  7. Functional task and support of initial swing
    single limb advancement and single limb
  8. Functional task and support of mid swing
    swing limb advancement and single limb
  9. Functional task and support of terminal swing
    swing limb advancement and single limb
  10. Pelvis placement during initial contact
    5o forward, AT, abductors (TFL, glut med) activated
  11. Hip motion during initial contact
    20o flexion (glut max, add mag) isometric
  12. Knee motion during initial contact
    00 slight flexion (up to 5o) vasti eccentric HS concentric
  13. Ankle motion during initial contact
    0o supination pre tibs (AT, EDL, EHL) eccentric
  14. MTP motion during initial contact
    25o extension
  15. Opposite leg during intial contact
    pre swing
  16. Critical events during initial contact and other info
    heel first contact; @ hip, GRFV anterior (flex mvmt) @ knee GRFV anterior (extension mvmt)
  17. Pelvis placement during loading response
    5o forward, AT, abductors (TFL, glut med) activated
  18. Hip motion during loading response
    20o flexion with 10o add glut max isometric (primarily) HS isometric then none, abductors (TFL, glut med) activated
  19. Knee motion during loading response
    15o flexion quads (1o vasti) eccentric, HS (slight activity in some subjects)
  20. Ankle motion during loading response
    5o plantarflexion, pronation, pre-tibs eccentric, plantarflexors concentric (end of LR)
  21. MTP motion during loading response
    0o
  22. Opposite leg during loading response
    pre swing
  23. Critical events during loading response and other info
    heel rocker, controlled knee flexion (quads), stable hip; @ hip GRFV anterior (flexion moment) and Adductor moment initiated @ knee GRFV posterior (flexion moment) @ ankle GRFV posterior (plantar flexion moment)
  24. Pelvis placement during mid stance
    0o neutral, AT, abductors (TFL, Glut Med) activated
  25. Hip motion during mid stance
    0o (neutral) glut max quiet by mid stance, glut med, TFL eccentric then isometric at very end of mid stance
  26. Knee motion during mid stance
    0o (up to 5o flexion) early vasti quick concentric then none by mid stance mid/late none
  27. Ankle motion during mid stance
    5o DF, pronation, plantarflexors eccentric
  28. MTP motion during mid stance
    0o
  29. Opposite leg during mid stance
    initial swing to mid swing
  30. Critical events of mid stance and other info
    ankle rocker, controlled tibial, advancement progressive knee extension; @ hip GRFV anterior/posterior (flexion to extension moment) @ knee GRFV posterior/anterior (flexion to extension moment) @ankle GRFV anterior (dorsiflexion moment)
  31. Pelvis placement during terminal stance
    5o backward, AT, abductors (early) isometric, then none as foot nears ground
  32. Hip motion during terminal stance
    20o extension (apparent), glut min/med isometric, then none TFL variable (usually until midpoint of terminal stance) Add longus (activated in late terminal stance
  33. Knee motion during terminal stance
    0o up to 5o of flexion, no quad contraction, gastroc eccentric, with quick concentric
  34. Ankle motion during terminal stance
    10o dorsiflexion, pronation/supination, plantarflexors eccentric with quick concentric
  35. MTP during terminal stance
    20o extension
  36. Opposite leg during terminal stance
    terminal swing
  37. Critical events and other info during terminal stance
    forefoot rocker, heel rise, forward body fall, trailing limb; @ Hip GRFV posterior (extension moment) @ knee anterior/postereior (extension to flexion moment) @ ankle GRFV anterior (dorsiflexion moment)
  38. Pelvis placement during pre swing
    5o backward, PT
  39. Hip placement during pre swing
    10o extension RF, Add Longus, and gracilis fire concentric and then eccentric
  40. Knee motion during pre swing
    40o flexion RF eccenctic
  41. Ankle motion during pre swing
    15o PF supination, none (pre-tibs very late) concentric
  42. MTP during pre swing
    50o extension
  43. Opposite leg during pre swing
    initial contact to loading response
  44. Critical events and other info
    forefoot rocker, passive knee flexion @ knee, GRFV posterior (flexion moment)
  45. Pelvis placement during initial swing
    5o backward, PT
  46. Hip motion during initial swing
    15o flexion, 5o abduction, flexors concentric (illacus, gracillis, sartorius, add longus) adductors assist
  47. Knee motion during initial swing
    60o flexion, HS (short head), sartorius, gracilis concentric
  48. Ankle motion during intital swing
    5o PF, neutral pre tibs concentric
  49. MTP during initial swing
    0o (relaxed)
  50. Opposite leg during initial swing
    mid stance
  51. Critical events during initial swing
    hip flexion to 15o knee flexion to 60o
  52. Pelvis placement during mid swing
    0o (neutral) PT
  53. Hip motion during mid swing
    • 25o flexion add longus, gracilis concentric
    • late MSw HS eccentric
  54. Knee motion during mid stance
    25o flexion HS (decreasing) eccentric
  55. Ankle motion during mid swing
    0o neutral pre tibs concentric
  56. MTP during mid swing
    0o (relaxed)
  57. Opposite leg during mid swing
    late mid stance
  58. Critical events during mid swing
    hip flexion to 25o ankle to 0o
  59. Pelvis placement during terminal swing
    5o forward, AT abductors (TFL, glut med) activated
  60. Hip motion during terminal swing
    0o flexion extensors (glut max- limited, HS) eccentric abductors activated
  61. Knee motion during terminal swing
    0o (up to 5o flexion) vasti concentric HS eccentric
  62. Ankle motion during terminal swing
    0o neutral to supination pre tibs concentric
  63. MTP motion during terminal swing
    0o (relaxed)
  64. Opposite leg during terminal swing
    terminal stance
  65. Critical events during terminal swing
    knee extension to 0o (up to 5o) hip deceleration ankle DF for initial contact

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