Spanish 101 Leccion 2 Panorama

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  1. Infinitive form of a verb in English can have almost any ending: to learn, to eat, to rumba, to play. The infinitve form of all verbs in , Spanish end in -ar, -er, -ir.
    to buy = comprar
    to pay= pagar
    to look at or watch = mirar

    to drink= beber
    to eat = comer
    to run = correr

    to live = vivir
    to say or tell = decir
    to write = escribir
  2. yo
    I or me
  3. ayudar
    to help
  4. bailar
    to dance
  5. cantar
    to sing
  6. cocinar
    to cook
  7. dibujar
    to draw
  8. ense~nar
    to teach
  9. escuchar
    to listen (to)
  10. estudiar
    to study
  11. bablar
    to talk, speak
  12. nadar
    to swim
  13. necesitar
    to need
  14. patinar
    to skate
  15. practicar
    to practice
  16. terminar
    to finish, end
  17. tocar
    to play
  18. trabajar
    to work
  19. infinitive
    • a verb that has not been changed
    • *ends in - ar
    • such as to sing, to work, to dance
  20. what do you do with an infinitive that is a yo version? Such as cantar (to sing) or nadar (to swim) trabajar (to work) bailar (to dance) necesitar (to need) cocinar (to cook) dibujar (to draw)
    • take of the -ar and ad an -o making it
    • canto ==== yo canto (I sing)
    • nado ==== yo nado (I swim)
    • trabajo === yo trabajo (I work)
    • bailo ===== yo bailo (I dance)
    • ncesito === yo necesito (I need)
    • cocino ==== yo cocino (I cook)
    • dibujo ==== yo dibujo (I draw)
  21. What do you do with an infinitive that is a yo version?
    to car (to play) la guitarra
    escuchar (to listen{to} ) m`usica
    estudiar espa~nol
    hablar (to talk, to speak) por tel`efono
    • yo toco la guitarra
    • yo escucho m`usica
    • yo estudio espa~nol
    • yo hablo por tel`efono
  22. What do you do with an infinitive that is a yo version to make it a negative? hablar (to talk, to speak) por tel`efono

    add no to the sentence
    Yo no hablo por tel`efono (I don't talk on the telphone)
    add no to the sentenceYo no hablo por tel`efono (I don't talk on the telphone)
  23. t`u
  24. How do you change dibujar (to draw) to the t`u form?
    T'u dibujas (you draw)
  25. Change these to yo and then to t'u form
    nadar (to swim)
    tocar (to play)
    trabajar (to work)
    • yo bailo (I dance) t'u bailas (you dance)
    • yo naido ( I swim) t'u naidas (you swim)
    • yo toco (I play) t'u tocas (you play)
    • yo trabajo (I work) t'u trabajas (you work)
  26. Change these to t'u form
    cantar (to sing)
    estudiar ( to study)
    necesitar (to need)
    eschucar (to listen [to} ) m'usica
    • t'u cantas
    • t'u estudias
    • t'u necestas
    • t'u escuchas m'usica
  27. How do you change "do you swim" to spanish
    • ignore the do and just say "you swim" with a questioning tone of voice
    • ?T'u nadas?
    • or just
    • ?nada? you can omit the t'u
    • or say
    • ?Nadas t'u?
  28. Change to spanish and then answer with a positive and then negative.
    "Do you study"
    "Do you sing?"
    "Do you sing?"
    • ?T'u estudias? Si, yo estudio. No, yo no estudio
    • ?T'u cantas? Si, yo canto. No, yo no canto
  29. How do you change estudiar to a 'el/ella/ud form? Now change it fto the yo, t'u and the 'el/ella/ud form.
    • Take off the ar and add a
    • estudiar to:
    • Yo estudio (I study) to T'u estludias (you study)
    • `El estudia
    • Ella estudia
    • Ud estudia
  30. How do you change cocinar to a 'el/ella/ud form? Now change it to the yo, t'u and the 'el/ella/ud form.
    • Cocinar: (to cook)
    • Yo cocino (I cook)
    • T'u cocinas (you cook)
    • 'El cocina (He cooks)
    • Ella cocina (she cooks)
    • Ud cocina (you cook)
  31. How do you change trabajar to a 'el/ella/ud form? Now change it fto the yo, t'u and the 'el/ella/ud form.
    Trabajar drop the ar and add a

    • Yo trabajo (I work
    • T'u trbajas (you work)
    • 'El trabaja (He works)
    • Ella trabaja (she works)
    • Ud trbaja ( you work)
  32. change to 'el/ella/ud form:
    bailar (to dance)
    • 'El baila (he dances"Ella baila (she dances)
    • Ud baila (you dance)
  33. How do you substitute he or she ('el or ella) with a name in Spanish?
    'El nada (he swims) substitute 'el for Juan
    Ella canta (she sings) subsitute Ella for Ver'onica
    Can you substitute a noun for a name the same way?
    • Do it!
    • 'El nada = Juan nada (Juan swims)
    • Ver'onica canta (Veronica sings)
    • yes
  34. Translate
    The student does not study.
    then say it in "he" form
    The teacher teaches.
    then say it in "he" form
    • El estudiante no estudia
    • 'El no estudia
    • El professor ense~na.
    • 'El professor ense~na.
  35. Translate
    The class ends at 1:10
    La clase termina a la una y diez.
  36. What part (verb) is changed to "it" "'el/ella/Ud" form?

    La clase termina a la una y diez.
  37. When wanting to ask a question in "'el/ella/Ud" form, it is best to put the "'el/ella/Ud" or persons name after the verb or at the end of the sentence.
    Does he sing?
    Does Paulina help around the house?
    • ?Canta 'el?
    • ?Ayuda en casa Paulina?
  38. Translate:
    He speaks spanish.
    She works in a restaurant.
    You sing. (form)
    He skates.
    You study math. (form)
    Catalina dances well.
    Pedro needs the science book.
    You play piano. (form)
    • 'El habla espanol.
    • Ella trabaja en un restaurante.3
    • Usted canta.
    • 'El patina.
    • Usted estudia matematicas.
    • Catalina baila bien.
    • Pedro necesita el libro de ciencias.
    • Usted toco el piano.
  39. translate:
    Does he work much?
    Does Isabel listen to music?
    • ?Trabaja mucho 'el?
    • ?Escucha m'usica Isabel?
  40. What are the three types of cognates?
    exact, direct, and indirect cognates
  41. What are exact cognates
    There are no differences in spelling or meaning but different pronunciation
  42. say these:
    actor, doctor, piano, idea., popular, horrible, animal, motor, central, circular, hotel, hospital, cruel, radio, color
    These are exact cognates
  43. What is the English word ending that you change to -oso?
  44. What is the English word ending that you change to -cion?
  45. What is the English word ending that you change to -mente?
  46. What is the English word ending that you change to -ia?
  47. What is the English word ending that you change to -dad?
  48. What are direct cognates?
  49. With some English words that end in -tion, how do you change them to be Spanish?

    Are the masculine or feminine?

    Change to Spanish:
    ambition, section, education, combination, direction, repetition, nation, production
    • Swap the -tion for -ci'on.
    • Feminine
    • la ambici'on, la secci'on, la educaci'on, la combinaci'on, la direcci'on, la repetici'on, la naci'on, la producci'on,
  50. With some English words that end in -ty, how do you change them to be Spanish?

    Are the masculine or feminine?

    Change to Spanish:

    curiosity, electricity, serenity, capacity, society, eternity, variety, necessity
    • Change -ty to -dad
    • Feminine
    • Curiosidad, electricidad, serenidad, capacidad, sociedad, eternidad, variedad, necesidad
  51. With some English words that end in -y, how do you change them to be Spanish?

    Are the masculine or feminine?

    Change to Spanish:
    family, democracy, history, photograph, vacabulary, pharmacy, ceremony, dormitory, memory, canary, geography, Mary
    You change the -y to a -ia, -io, or -'ia,

    • ia is feminine and io masculine
    • la famil'ia, la democracia, historia, fotograf'ia, el vocabulario, la farmacia, la ceremonia, el dormatorio, la memoria, el canario, la geograf'ia, la Mar'ia
  52. With some English words that end in -ous, how do you change them to be Spanish?

    Are the masculine or feminine?

    What are they?

    Change to Spanish:
    mysterious, rigurous, curious, famous, furious, generous, precious, mountainous
    • When a Spanish word ends in -oso it's English version ends in -ous.
    • These are usually adjectives
    • misterioso, riguroso, curioso, famoso, furioso, generoso, precioso, monta~noso
  53. With some English words that end in -ly, how do you change them to be Spanish?
    Are the masculine or feminine?
    What are they?
    Change to Spanish:
    rapidly, correctly, sincerly, exactly, frequently, immediately, naturally, perfectly.
    When a Spanish word ends in -mente, it's English cognate ends in -ly.

    • adjectives or adverbs
    • r'apidamente, correctament, sinceramente, exactamente, frecuentemente, inmediatamente, naturalmente, perfectamente.
  54. Some English wors that start with s when translated, they start with?
    studio, special, student, spirit

    estudio, especial, estudiante, esp'iritu.
  55. other cognates:
    aeropuerto, restaurante, emergencia, autor, excelente, diferente
  56. Indirect cognates are?
    words that have similar roots. Does not mean the same thing, but similar.j
  57. Indirect cognates

    Spanish word == English word == English meaning
    Alto == altitude == high/tall
    aprender == apprentice == to learn
  58. False cognates

    la sopa does not mean soap, it means soup
    embarazada means pregnant not embarassed
    asistir means to attend, not assist
    lectura means to read not lecture
  59. days of the week do not get capitalized and start on what day of the week? Monday, that is right
  60. lunes
  61. martes
  62. mi'ercoles
  63. jueves
  64. viernes
  65. s'abado
  66. domingo
  67. Translate
    ?Qu'e d'ia es hoy?
    Answer with Saturday.
    What is today?

    • Hoy es s'abado
    • (today is Saturday)
  68. Translate:
    ?Qu'e d'ia es ma~nana?
    Answer with Sunday.
    • What (day) is tomorrow?
    • Ma~nana es domingo.
  69. ?Qu'e d'ia es ma~nana?

    Answer with Monday.
    What is tomorrow?

    Hoy es lunes.
  70. Ma~nana es martes
    Tomorrow is Tuesday
  71. Translate:
    What day is tomorrow?
    Today is Thursday
    Tomorrow is Friday
    • ?Qu'e d'ia es ma~nana.
    • Hoy es jueves.
    • Ma~nana es viernes.
  72. Translate:
    On Monday, on Tuesday, on Wednesday
    • el lunes
    • el martes,
    • el mi'ercoles
  73. Translate:
    On Thursdays
    On Fridays,
    On Saturdays
    on Sundays
    • Los jueves
    • los viernes
    • los s'abados
    • los domingos
  74. on the weekend
    el fin de semana
  75. el fin de semana
    on the weekend
  76. on the weekends
    los fines de semana
  77. los fines de semana
    on the weekends
  78. nosotoros
    we (masculine) and (masculine and femine mix)
  79. nosotras
    we (feminine)
  80. How do you change a verb into a nosotros version?
    Change practicar (to practice) to the yo, 'el, ella, usted and then the nosotros version
    switch the letters of the verb that end with -ar to -amos

    • yo practico
    • t'u practica
    • ella practica
    • usted practica
    • nosotros practicamos
    • nosotras practicamos
  81. change to the you, t'u, 'el, ella, usted, nosotros, nosotras versions:
    hablar (to speak, talk)
    cocinar (to cook)
    bailar (to dance)
    yo hablo, t'u hablas, 'el habla, ella habla, usted habla, nosotros hablamos, nosotras hablamos

    yo cocino, t'u cocinas, 'el cocina, ella cocina, usted cocina, nosotros cocinamos, nosotras cocinamos

    yo bailo, t'u bailas, 'el baila, ella baila, usted baila, nosotros bailamos, nosotras bailamos
  82. We need more money
    Nosotros necesitamos m'as dinero.
  83. We cook pizza
    Nosotros cocinamos la pizza
  84. We listen to the radio.
    Nosotros escuchamos la radio.
  85. We draw well.
    Nosotros dibujamos bien.
  86. We study English.
    Nosotros estudiamos ingl'es.
  87. We dance poorly.
    Nosotros bailamos mal.
  88. We do not play drums.
    Nosotros no tacamos la bater'ia.
  89. We (feminine) do not sing well.
    Nosotras no cantamos bien.
  90. How do you change verbs such as trabajar to the ellos/ellas/uds form?

    translate to the yo, t'u, 'el/ella/ud, nosotros/nosotras and ellos/ellas/uds forms:
    trabajar (to work)
    tocar (to play an instrument)
    switch -ar for an.

    • you trabajo
    • t'u trabajas
    • 'el/ella/ud trabaja
    • nosotros/nosotras trabajamos
    • ellos trabajan, ellas trabajan, ustedes trabajan

    • yo toco
    • t'u tocas
    • 'el toca, ella toca, ud toca\
    • nosotros tacamos, nosotras tocamos
    • ellos tocan, ellas tocan, uds tocan
  91. ustedes
    you all
  92. usted
  93. Change to ellos/ellas/uds form:

    ellos estudian, ellas estudian, ustedes estudian

    nadan, ellas nadan, ustedes nadan

  94. Change to 'el/ella/ud or ellos/ellas/uds form:

    Domingo y Santiago tocan el piano. (Domingo and Santiago play the piano.)

    In'es y Dora ayudan en casa. (In'es and Dora help around the house.

    Los estudiantes estudian. (The students study.)
    Ellos tocan el piano.

    Ellas ayudan en casa.

    Ellos estudian.
  95. Translate:
    They (m) talk on the telephone.
    You all work in the city.
    They don't swim much.
    The boys don't help around the house.
    • Ellos hablan por tel'efono.
    • Ustedes trbajan en la ciudad.
    • Ellas no nadan mucho.
    • Los chicos no ayudan en casa.
  96. Translate:
    The classes ends at 3:30.
    Las clases terminan (verb in ellos form) a las tres y media.
  97. In english we say we like something. In Spanish, we say something more like:

    In English we would say.
    I like ice cream. What would Spanish say?
    It is pleasing to me. Or something is pleasing to something.

    A m'i me gusta el helado. (Ice cream is pleasing to me.
  98. How do you use gustar when the things you like are plural?
  99. How do you use gustar when it is singular?
  100. Say we like
    Nos gusta(n)
  101. Say I like
    me gusta
  102. Say you like
    te gusta(n)
  103. Say they like
    les gusta(n)
  104. Say they like one thing in ellos/ellas/Ud form and then they like more than one thing
    • Les gusta
    • Les gustan
  105. Say they like one thing in vosotros form and then they like more than one thing
    • Os gusta
    • Os gustan

    Used in Spain
  106. Say we (m) like one thing in nostros/as form and then we(fe) like more than one thing
    • nos gusta
    • nos gustan
  107. Say he likes on thing in él/ella/Ud form and then he likes more than one thing.
    • le gusta
    • le gustan
  108. Say you like one thing in tú form and then you like more than one thing
    • te gusta
    • te gustan
  109. Say you like one thing in yo form and then I like more than one thing
    • Me gusta
    • Me gustan
  110. Gustar in 3rd person singular: (el/ella/ud)
    Gustar in 3rd person plural: (ellos/ellas/uds)
    • Gusta
    • Gustan
  111. Indirect object pronouns:
    Me - a mi (to me)
    Te - a ti (to you)
    Le - a 'el/ella, a Ud. (to him/her, to you)
    Nos - a nosotros (to us)
    Os - a vosotros (to you guys)
    Les - a ellos/as, a Uds. (to them/you guys)
  112. the form of gustar has to agree with the thing (not with the person it is being spoke about) :

    A m'e me gusta pescar (I like to fish. (Fishing is pleasing to me.)
  113. Translate:
    A ti te gusta cantar. / Te gusta cantar.
    A nosotros nos gusta mirar pel'iculas.
    A mis padres les gusta acampar.
    • You like to sing. (Singing is pleasing to you.)
    • We like to watch movies.
    • My parents like to camp.
  114. Shorten them up:

    A ti te gusta cantar.
    A nosotros nos gusta mirar pel'iculas.
    A mis padres les gusta acampar.
    • Te gusta cantar. (Singing is pleasing to you.)
    • Nos gusta mirar pel'iculas. (We like to watch movies.)
    • Les gusta acampar. (They like to camp.)
  115. Translate and then answer the question:

    What do you guys like to do? (movies)
    Who likes to camp? (my parents)
    • -?Qu'e les gusta hacer a ustedes? (What do you guys like to do?
    • -Nos gusta mirar pel'iculas. (We like to watch movies)
    • -?A qui'en le gusta acampar? (Who likes to camp?)
    • -A mis padres les gusta acampar. (My parents like to camp)
  116. When you are speaking of activities (verbs) gustar is conjugated in the singular regardless of the persons being spoken of. (Think of it being a single activity.)
  117. Translate, paying attention to gustar:

    I like apples.
    Do you like beer? (now answer it with yes)
    Yes I like beer a lot.
    Do youi like horror movies?
    No, we do not like horror movies.
    • Mi gustan las manzans.
    • ?A ti te gusta la cerveza?
    • S'i, me gusta mucho la cerveza.
    • ?A ustedes les gustan las pel'iculas de terror?
    • No, no nos gustan las pel'iculas de terror.
  118. When speaking of singular nouns, gustar is conjugated into the singular. We use the singular form of gustar (gusta).

    When speaking of plural nouns (manzans, apples, peliculas) we use the plural form of gustar, which is gustan.
  119. Gustar is conjugated in the third person singular or plural, depending on what is pleasing, not the person being spoken of.

    The person being spoke of is represented with the indirect object pronuouns me, de, le, los.
  120. (A mi) Me gusta + verb
  121. (A mi) Me gusta nadar.
    (A mi) Me gusta estudiar.
    (A mi) Me gusta dibujar.
    (A mi) Me gusta ir al cine.
    • I like to swim. (Swimming is pleasing to me)
    • I like to study. (Studying is pleasing to me.)
    • I like to draw. (Drawing is pleasing to me.)
    • I like to go to the movies. (Going to the movies is pleasing to me.)
  122. (A mi) Me gusta escuchar m'usica.
    (A mi) Me gusta hablar por tel'efono.
    (A mi) Me gusta ver la televisi'on.
    (A mi) Me gusta tocar la guitarra.
    • I like to listen to music.
    • I like to talk on the phone.
    • I lke to watch t.v...
    • I like to play guitar.
    • I like to work.
  123. Me gusta tocar la guitarra,cantar, y dibujar.
    I like to play guitar, sing and draw.
  124. No me gusta
    I don't like
  125. (A mi) No me gusta hablar por tel'efono.
    (A mi) No me gusta estudiar.
    (A mi) No me gusta trabajar.
    • I don't like to talk on the telephone.
    • I don't like to study.
    • I don't like to work.
  126. Me gusta
    I like (or is pleasing)
  127. (A ti) Te gusta
    You like
  128. Translate:
    ?(A ti) Te gusta hablar por tel'efono?

    Now answer that you do and you don't.
    Do you like to talk on the phone?

    • Si, (a mi) me gusta hablar por tel'efono.
    • No (a mi) no me gusta hablar por tel'efono.
  129. Translate:?(A ti) Te gusta hablar ir al cine?

    Now answer that you do and you don't.
    Do yo like to go to the movies?

    • Si, (a mi) me gusta ir al cine.
    • No, (a mi) no me gusta ir al cine.
  130. No, (a mi) no me gusta ir al cine.
    No, I do not like to go to the movies.
  131. ?Què te gusta hacer?

    Hola, Soy Señor Jordan y a mi me gusta ir al cine.Me gusta mucho hablar español.

    Tambièn me gusta cantar, pero me gusta m'as to car la guitarra.
    What do you like to do?

    Hello, I am Mr. Jordan and I like to go to the movies. I like to speak Spanish a lot.

    I also like to sing (or like singing too), but (pero) I prefer(m'as) to play guitar.
  132. No me gusta mucho practicar deportes.

    No me gusta nada estudiar.

    No me gusta ni trabajar ne bailar.

    Tampoco me gusta ver la televisión.
  133. No me gusta mucho (much) practicar deportes.
    No me gusta nada (at all) estudiar.

    No me gusta ni (neither) trabajar ni (nor) bailar.

    Tampoco (neither, either) me gusta ver la televisión.
  134. When asking a question, you put the verb before the subjec, just like in English.

    Where is the book.
    is is the verb
    book is the subject.
  135. The exception to the verb before the subject order when asking a question would be:

    Does John speak Spanish?
    It would actually go: Does speak John Spanish. or you could do it, "Does speak Spanish John.
  136. Interrogatives
    Question words
  137. Ad'onde

    para qui'en
    • to where
    • for whom
  138. como
  139. Cu'ando

    Con qui'en
    • When
    • With whom
  140. ?Qu'e?
    ?De d'onde?
    Con qui'en
    para qui'en
    • What
    • How
    • Who
    • When
    • Where
    • (To) Where
    • From Where
    • With whom
    • for whom
  141. To make an information question in Spanish, yolu use what formula?
    ?QW + verb + subject + RQ?

    • QW - Question word (what, who, when, why,etc.)
    • Verb - must be conjugated, it must not end in ar, ir, er.

    RQ - Rest of the question.
  142. ?D'onde est'a mi almuerzo?

    Donde is the question word
    est'a is the verb and is conjugated (does not end in ir, ar, er)
    mi aluerzo is the subject.
    Where is my lunch?
  143. ?De d'onde es Paco?

    De d'onde is the question word(s)
    es is the verb
    Paco is the subject
    Where is Paco from?
  144. ?C'omo est'an Enrique y Sof'ia?

    C'omo is the question word
    est'an is the verb
    Enrique y Sof'ia is the subject.
    How are Enrique and Sofia?
  145. ?Cu'ando estudia Ana en la biblioteca?

    Cu'ando is the question word
    Estudia is the verb
    Ana is the subject
    en la biblioteca is the rest of the question
    When does Ana study in the library?
  146. When do we use cual?
    • When there is more than one choice.
    • in, "what is your opinion," you use ? cual?
  147. ?Cu'al es tu opinion?
    ?Cu'ales son tus peliculars favoritas?
    ?Cu'al de los prefieres, Coca-Cola o Pepsi?
    What is your opinion?
  148. When do you use cu'ales?
    When you assume the answer is more than one thing
  149. When do we use ?qu'e?

    Where do we use qu'e?
    When we are asking for a definition or explanation. Simply, it means what.

    • Commonly used before nouns or adjectives.
    • In Latin American Spanish often uses cu'al or cu'ales before nouns.

    !Qu'e buenas son las vacaciones! How good are vacations! Que can mean how as well.
  150. We can also use ?Qu''e? befor a noun to mean what or what a as in:
    !Qu'e ni~nos feos! meaning, What ugly children!
  151. ?Qu'e te gusta nacer en el verano?
    ?Cua'l de los dos prefieres, manejar o caminar?
    ?Cu'al es tu color favorito?
    ?Qu'e quieres hacer ma~nana?
    ?Qu'e es "un duende"?
    ?Qu'e carro te gusta m'as? or in Latin America you would here Cu'al instead of Qu'e.
    • What do you like to do in the summer?
    • Qu'e is asking for an explanation.
    • Which of the two do you prefer, to drive or to walk? Cual is giving a choice between the two.
    • (Of all the colors) Which is your favorite color? Cual is having you choose one.
    • What do you want to do tomorrow? Qu'e is asking for an explanation.
    • What is "un duende"? A dwarf. Qu'e is asking for an explanation.
    • Which car do you like more? There is more than one way to say car.
  152. ?Qu'e estudian los muchachos en la universidad?
    What do the boys study in college?
  153. Translate:
    What time is it?
    What do you like to eat?
    • ?Qu'e hora es?
    • ?Qu'e te gusta comer?
  154. Translate:
    Which do you prefer, guitar or drums?
    Which type of car would you like to have?
    • ?Cu'al prefieres, la guitarra o la bateria?
    • ?Qu'e Tipo de carro te gustar'ia tener?
  155. Translate:
    What are you most boring classes?
    ?Cu'ales son tus clases m'as aburridas?
  156. Translate:
    What is that?
    How boring that class was!
    • ?Qu'e es eso?
    • o
    • ?Qu'e es aquello?
    • !Qu'e aburrida estuvo la clase!
  157. Translate:
    What is you r favorite team?
    Which one of you washed the dishes?
    • ?Cu'al es tu equipo favorito?
    • ?Cu'al de ustedes lav'o los trastes? "los platos" could also mean "dishes"
  158. Estar is used for temporary situations. For example "estoy cansada," which means, "I am tired (now)" temporary condition
  159. Conjugations fo the verb ESTAR

    Yo estoy - I am
    T'u est'as - You are
    Usted est'a - You are (formal)
    'El/Ella - est'a - He/she is.
  160. Conjugations of the Verb Estar

    Nosotros estamos - We are
    Usteds est'an - You are
    Vosotros est'ais - You are
    Ellos/Ellas est'an - They are
  161. What is the acronym for Estar
  162. What is the acronym for Ser?
  163. The conjugations for Estar

    Singular Plural
    1st person - I am - Estoy we are - estamos
    2nd person -You are - Est'as you are - est'ais
    3rd person -You are 'el/ella/ud est'a - est'an
    How you feel and where you are, that is how you use estar.
  164. When to use Estar
    • Position/ Postion -E stoy sentado (I am sitting down) Est'as acostada (You are lying down.)
    • Location Where the person or thing is located, real or imaginary. El caf'e est'a cerca de la librer'ia. (The cafe is near the book store.) Mi abuelo est'a en la luna. (My grandfather is out of it. or My grandfather is on the moon.)
    • Action - Any ongoing action in the progressive tense. Estamos comiendo manzanas. (We are eating apples.) Est'an leyendo peri'odicos. (They are reading newspapers)
    • Condition - Any temporary physical or mental condition falls in this category. Como estas (How are you feeling? [current condition]) Estoy tan cansada. (I am so tired.) (Ella) Est'a enferma hoy. She is sick today.
    • Emotion - The emotional part. say how are you feeling. Estoy preocupada. (I am worried.) Estamos contentos. (We are happy.)
  165. What is the other/shortened version for Estar?
    LoCo - everything falls under location and conditon Place/position, location, action, condition ,emotion
  166. What is the cute little rhyme she uses for Estar
    How you feel and where you are, that is when you use estar.
  167. Estar is used to describe the temporary aspects of a noun
  168. Conjugations for Ser
    Singular Plural
    1st person - I am - Soy - we are -Somos
    2nd person -You are - Eres - plural- sois3rd person -You are 'el/ella/ud - es --plural - son
  169. When do you use ser?
    • Description - Jorge es guapo (Jorge is handsome.) Soy Paralee. (I am Paralee.)
    • Occupation - Eres estudiante. (You are a student.) Soy profesora de espa~nol. (I am a Spanish teacher.)
    • Characteristics
    • Time
    • Origin
    • Relationship
  170. 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 91, 101
    • treinta y uno
    • cuarenta y uno
    • cincuenta y uno
    • sesenta y uno
    • setenta y uno
    • ochenta y uno
    • noventa y uno
    • ciento uno
  171. cien
  172. Thirty-one women
    fifty-one men
    Ninety-one houses
    Eighty-one books.
    • Treita y una mujeres.
    • Cincuenta y un hombres.
    • Noventa y una casas
    • Ochent y un libros.
  173. When uno/una form part of a compound number (e.g., treinta y uno, cincuenta y un) it becomes 'un' before a maxculine nound and 'una' before a feminine noun.
  174. 110
    • Ciento diez
    • doscientos/as
    • trescientos/as
    • trescientos/as unos
    • cuatrocientos/as
    • quinientos/as
    • seiscientos/as
    • setecientos/as
    • ochocientos/as
    • novecientos/as
    • mil
    • dos mil
    • cinco mil
    • un mill'on
    • dos millones
    • cinco mil
    • cien mil
  175. los n'umeros
  176. 500
    • quinientos/as
    • setecientos
    • mil
    • un mill'on
  177. 1975
    • mil novecientos setenta y cinco
    • dos mil ocho
    • el cinco-setenta y seies-dieciocho-treinta y nueve
  178. prueba
  179. Name the class:

    Abraham Lincoln, Winton Churchill
    Es la clase de historia
  180. Name the class:

    Picasso, Leonardo da Vinci
    Es la clase de arte
  181. Name the class:

    Àfrica, el océano Pacìfico
    Es la clase de geografìa
  182. Translate

  183. Hoy es martes. Mañana es _____. Ayer fue ______.
    miércoles, lunes
  184. Ayer fue
    yesterday was
  185. Ayer fue sàbado. Mañana es ______. Hoy es _______.
    lunes, domingo
  186. Hoy es jueves. Ayer fue ________. Mañana es ___________.
    lunes, domingo
  187. Tomo
    I take
  188. Use el + day of the week when an activity occurs on a specific day and los = day of the week when an activity occurs regularly.
    Except for s`abados and domingos, the singular and plural forms for days of the week are the same.
  189. I take the class of history of nine to ten Mondays and Wednesdays with Mr Ordoñez.
    Tomo la clase de historia de nueve a diez los lunes y miércoles con el señor Ordoñez.
  190. I take the class of biology de 12 - 1 on Mondays and Thursdays with Mr. Dàvila.
    Tomo la clase de biología de doce a uno los lunes y jueves con el señor Dàvila.
  191. El lunes tengo un examen.
    On Monday I have an exam.
  192. Los lunes y jueves tomo biologia.
    On Mondays and Thursdays I take biology.
  193. It is exactly like the pictures in the books of geography
    Es exactamente como las fotos en los libros de geografia.
  194. Yes, I also took your geography.
    si, tambien tomas tu geografia
  195. almost eighty five per cent.
    casi un ochenta y cinco por ciento
  196. ay
    an exlamation expressing pain shock or affliction. Oh dear; Woe is me!
  197. escribir
    To write
  198. comer
    to eat
  199. When changing an infinitive verb from the t'u version to a vosotros version, how do we change them? Change estudiar to the vosotros version
  200. What are prepostions?

    Examples of prepositons.
    A preposition sits before a noun to show the noun's relationship to another word in the sentence.

    above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to, toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with and within.
  201. What is so special about thses Spanish verbs?
    They don't need to be followed by prepositions.

    • Like
    • Busco la tarea. (I'm looking for my homework.)
    • Espero el auto'us. (I'm waiting for the bus.)
    • Escucho la m'usica. (I'm listening to music.)
    • Miro la pizarra. (I'm looking at the blackboard.)
  202. English uses thress sets of forms to talk about the present (Paco works), the [resemt [progressive (Paco is working), and the emphatic present (Paco does work). In Spanish, the simple present can be used in all three cases.

    Paco trabaja en la cafeteria. Means that Paco works/is working/ does work in the cafeteria.

    Marina viaja a Madrid ma~nan. Means that Marina travels/will travel/ is traveling tomorrow.
  203. When two verbs are used together with no change of subject, the second verb is generally in the infinitive. To make a sentence negative in Spanish, the no is placed berfore the conjugated berb. In this case, no means not.

    Deseo hablar con don Fransciso. (I want to speak with Don Francisco.

    Alicia no desea bailar ahora.
    Alicia doesn't want to dance now.
  204. ahora
  205. Spanish speakers often omit subject pronouns because the verb endings indicate who the subject is. In Spanish, subject pronouns are used for emphasis, clarification, or contrast.

    Ella ense`na arte y 'el ense`na fisica.
    He teaches art and he teaches physics.
  206. To express your own likes and dislikes, us teh expression me gusta + singular noun or me gustan + plural noun. Never use a sujbect pronoun such as yo with this structure.
  207. I like classical music.
    I like Spanish and biology classes.
    • Me gusta la m'usica cl'asica.
    • Me gustan las clases de espa~nol y biologia.
  208. To express what you like to do, you use what expression?
    Me gusta + infinitive(s)
  209. I like to travel.
    I like to sing and dance.
    • Me gusta viajar.
    • Me gusta cantar y bailar.
  210. To use the verb gustar with referenct to another person, use what expression?

    To say that someone does not like somthing, insert the word ___ ___ the expression.
    te gusta(n) or a le gusta(n) (usted, 'el, ella)

    no before
  211. You like geography.
    Javier doesn't like computers.
    Te gusta la geografia.

    A Javier no le gustan las computadoras.
  212. To use the verb gustar with reference to more than one person, use what?
    nos gusta(n) nosotros


    a + (name/pronoun) les gusta(n) (ustedes, ellos ellas.)
  213. We like to draw.
    They don't like tests.
    • Nos gusta dibujar.
    • A ellos no les gustan los ex'amenes.
Card Set:
Spanish 101 Leccion 2 Panorama
2012-06-15 03:14:18
Lesson Panorama Chapter Spanish 101 Pierce College

Spanish Flashcards
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