Southeast Ohio Frogs and Toads

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Author:
stimmelt
ID:
153737
Filename:
Southeast Ohio Frogs and Toads
Updated:
2012-05-13 23:26:14
Tags:
Frogs Toads Southeast Ohio
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Description:
Hocking College Ohio Frogs and Toads Lecture- Field Biology
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  1. Characteristics of Toads:
    • Warty, Dry Skin
    • Short Legs
    • Wide Waists
    • Enlarged Poison Glands on Neck
    • HOP along the ground
  2. Characteristics of Frogs:
    • Smooth, Moist Skin
    • Long Legs
    • Small Waists
    • No enlarged Poison Glands
    • LEAP in the air
  3. Characteristics of Order- Anura:
    • Moist scaleless skin
    • 4 legs with no claws on toes
    • External fertilization= AMPLEXUS
    • Eggs surrounded by gelatinous membrane
    • Eggs usually laid in water in clusters, strings, or singly
    • Larva= Tadpole (with tail and covered gills)
    • Tadpole can last just a few days or several years
    • Adult= lungs, no tail, 4 legs, back legs for jumping or hopping
  4. Characteristics of Family-
    Bufonidae:
    • Order: Anura
    • Warty skin with parotid glands
    • Eggs in string
    • Hop
    • American Toad
    • Order: Anura
    • Family: Bufonidae
    • Genus: Anaxyrus
    • Species: americanus
    • Characteristics
    • Back with 1-2 wart spots
    • Kidney Bean shaped Parotid gland
    • Parotid gland separate form cranial ridge or just touching spur
    • Chest often with many dark spots
    • Size: 2- 3.5 inches
    • Song: High Pitched Trill (6-30 seconds) (April - May)
    • Fowler's Toad
    • Order: Anura
    • Family: Bufonidae
    • Genus: Anaxyrus
    • Species: woodhousii fowleri
    • Characteristics
    • Back with 4+ wart spots
    • Oval shaped parotid gland
    • Parotid gland touches cranial ridge
    • Chest has 1 or 0 dark spots
    • Size: 2- 3 inches
    • Song: Loud Harsh WAAAAAAH (1- 4 seconds) (May- July)
  5. Eastern Spadefoot Toad
  6. Characteristics of Family- Hylidae:
    • Slim Waisted
    • Long legged
    • Usually small
    • Warty
    • Gray Treefrog
    • Order: Anura
    • Family: Hylidae
    • Genus: Hyla
    • Species: versicolor
    • Characteristics
    • Largest tree frog in our area
    • Camouflage color varies- Grey, Tan, or Green
    • Lighter spot below each eye
    • Has large adhesie discs at teh tips of the toes
    • Yellow/ Orange inner back legs
    • Quite warty
    • Woodland frog in trees
    • Size: 0.75- 1.25 inches
    • Song: Short Trill- Mellow to Harsh (May- June)
    • Spring Peeper
    • Order: Anura
    • Family: Hylidae
    • Genus: Pseudocris
    • Species: crucifer
    • Characteristics
    • Tan with an X on back
    • Small adhesive discs on tips of toes
    • No light line on upper lip
    • Cling to vegetation around ponds
    • Size: 0.75 - 1.25 inches
    • Song: Loud High Pitch "Peeeeep" (Repeated every second) (March- April)
    • Mountain Chorus Frog
    • Order: Anura
    • Family: Hylidae
    • Genus: Pseudacris
    • Species: brachyphona
    • Characteristics
    • Tan with two cruved stripes on back (reversed parenthesis)
    • Dark triangle between eyes
    • Light line on upper lip
    • Size: 1- 1.5 inches
    • Song: Raspy "Creeeeek" Speeding up and raising in pitch at the end (March - April)

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