phlebotomy exam 2

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phlebotomy exam 2
2012-05-14 01:49:53
phlebotomy chapter

chapter 9
Show Answers:

  1. What should information be compared with?
    Wrist band
  2. What is first and most important task in phlebotomy?
  3. At what angel should the needle be inserted?
  4. What order?
    Patient ID, never label tubes before drawing, and bleeding attended to
  5. What do you do if the patient ID number doesn't match the requistion form?
    Contact the nurse
  6. What is the best way to find out if the patient is fasting?
    Ask the patient
  7. What do you do if the patient refuses?
    Explain the procedure and ask for concent.
  8. What is the definition of hemoconcentration.
    An increase in the ratio of formed elements to plasma, usually caused by leaving the tourniquet on too long
  9. What is the definition of petechiae?
    Small red spots appearing on the skin that are caused by a tourniquet that is too tight
  10. What is the definition of hemolysis?
    The destruction of red blood cells
  11. How does hemoconcentration occur?
    It can occur is the tourniquet is left on too long
  12. What does it mean if the patient complains of tingling and pain in the hands and fingers?
    The tourniquet has been left on too long
  13. Which is the 2nd vein of choice?
    The cephalic vein
  14. Which vein lies on top of the brachial artery?
    The bacillic vein
  15. How does a vein feel?
    Spongy and firm
  16. How long should the alcohol be in contact with the skin in order for maximum effectiveness?
    Wait 30-60 seconds
  17. What is the correct way to insert the needle?
    Bevel up: Quick and smooth
  18. What can result if the needle is taken out before the tourniquet is taken off?
  19. When should the tourniquet be taken off?
    After the first tube
  20. Define hematoma
    A reddened, swollen area in which blood collects under the skin
  21. What do you to stop bleeding?
    Apply pressure
  22. When do you label the tube?
    At the patient's bedside, AFTER drawing blood
  23. What do you do after you remove your gloves?
  24. What do you do to ensure patency?
    Pull plunger back on the syringe
  25. What do you look for when using a syringe?
  26. How do you transfer specimen from a syringe?
    Remove needle and attatch needleless transfer device