Antibiotics/Indications

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Author:
azbenchaar
ID:
153784
Filename:
Antibiotics/Indications
Updated:
2012-05-14 12:13:54
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Antibiotics Indications
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Antibiotics/Indications
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  1. Tetracycline
    Mycoplasma infections
  2. 1st line for gonorrhea
    cefixime/ceftriaxone
  3. Tx for listeria monocytogenes in infants
    Ampicillin
  4. -alternate for bacterial meningitis in pts allergic to cephalosporins/penicillins

    -Rickettsial infections in pregnancy/young children
    Chloramphenicol
  5. -Lymes disease from borrelia burgdorferi (DOC)

    -Rickettsiae (DOC)
    Doxycycline
  6. Mycoplasma infections
    Tetracyclines (use erythromycin in pregnant pts)
  7. -mycoplasma pneumonia (ESP in pregnant pts) (DOC)

    -chlamydial infections in pregnant patients (DOC)
    Erythromycin
  8. Mycobacterium avium (in AIDS pts)
    Clarithromycin
  9. single dose to treat uncomplicated genital chlamydial
    infections
    Azithromycin - does not inhibit CYP p450s
  10. Gentamicin-resistant bacterial endocarditis
    Streptomycin
  11. Gentamicin is an option for treating ______.
    UTIs
  12. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis
    Tobramycin
  13. serious noscomial infections → broad spectrum
    Amikacin
  14. ulcerative colitis → 5-aminosalicylate is active agent
    Sulfasalazine
  15. prevention of infections in pts with 2nd/3rd degree
    burns
    Silver Sulfadiazine
  16. -uncomplicated UTIs → DOC for empirical UTI
    treatment

    -Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in AIDS pts (also
    could use pentamidine for this)
    Bactrim (TMP-SMX)
  17. Pseudomonas, prostatitis, bacterial diarrhea
    (traveler’s diarrhea)
    Ciprofloxacin
  18. strep pneumoniae, CAP
    Levofloxacin
  19. strep pneumoniae, anaerobes, CAP
    Moxifloxacin- eliminated via non-renal mechanisms
  20. ONLY used to treat chronic UTIs
    Nitrofurantoin
  21. -good penetration into abscesses (anarobes - B.
    Fragilis, clostridium perfringens)

    -causes superinfection of clostridium difficile
    Clindamycin
  22. -MRSA, diarrhea caused by C. diff.
    Vancomycin
  23. topically applied for skin infections
    Polymyxin B
  24. -anaerobes, clindamycin-resistant B fragilis...DOC for
    B. fragilis in adults!!

    -pseudomembranous colitis caused by C. Diff!!! (DOC)
    Metronidazole
  25. ophthalmic and dermatologic ointments - eye infections,
    conjunctivitis
    Bacitracin
  26. -Vancomycin-resistant MRSA

    -life threatening infections

    -Enteroccoccus FAECIUM (but NOT faecalis)
    Quinupristin/Dalfopristin
  27. Inhibits MAO
    Linezolid
  28. complicated skin infections (depolarizes cell membranes,
    SEs: myopathy, peripheral neuropathy)
    Daptomycin

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