Card Set Information
3rd Officer duties?
Safe Navigational watch
GMDSS Radio Officer
What are the Emission Requirements outside an ECA area?
3.5% after 01.01.2012
0.5% after 01.01.2020
Conditions for Discharge from a Tanker Cargo area?
Not in a special area
Must be more that 50nm from land
Proceeding en route
Rate of discharge not to exceed 30 litres per nm
Total quantity discharged
: before 1979 = 1/15,000
after 1979 = 1/30,000
How does MARPOL Annex 1 affect you?
Follow discharge criteria
Maintain records on Oil Record Book
Maintain Oil Pollution equipmen
Follow & implement SOPEP
SOPEP drills every 3 months
Who is the ISM Code mandatory for?
MODU > 500gt
All passenger ships
How do you know ISM is working onboard?
Vessel will have valid DOC and SMC
Passes port state inspections
Complies with standards under ISM Code
Few near-miss reports
Gyro Failure onboard. Actions?
Switch to 2nd Gyro
If that fails, Call Master
Raise the alarm
Steer by Magnetic Compass
Post extra lookouts
Display NUC lights (if totally disabled)
Reporting as per Masters instructions
What is NAVTEX?
low cost, simple & automated
means of recieving MSI
518khz = international
490khz = national
Coverage = 400nm
A - nav warmings
B - met warings
D - SAR/piracy warnings
L - additional nav warnings
What are the problems with ECDIS?
(not properly trained)
not displayed on layers
Not always a
from chart to chart
Position based from
What are the requirements to go paperless?
SOLAS states that vessels must have either dual or single ECDIS
Vessel needs 2 independant ECDIS systems + seperate power supplies
Charts used to be of IHO standards
Company to risk assess voyages and send to the MCA
Vessel should have ENCs to go paperless
When does the GPS go into DR mode? How can you avoid this?
When the signal is lost
Satellite configuration (DOP) is greater than 5
Enter the GPS set up
Manually disable the satellite
How would you set up your RADAR for
Adjust gain/sea/rain clutter
Adjust to adequate range
What is ARPA? Limitations?
Automatic Radar Plotting Aid
: course, bearing, cpa, tcpa
Depends on gyro & speed log accuracies
Have to enter STW
Contents of Sailing Directions?
Info for Ports and Coastal nav
Each book as regulations/navigation for the area covered
Demographic information for countries and ports
What is IAMSAR? Contents?
International Aeronautical & Maritime Search and Rescue
1 - Organisation + Management
2 - Mission co-ordination
3 - Mobile facilities
Explain transverse thrust on a right-handed ship
Propellar moves clockwise
Sideways thrust of the propellar blades as they rotate displaces water
Bow moves to PORT
Stern moves to STBD
What is a Decleration Of Security?
A contract between the Ship and the Port
Used at all security levels
Details duties of each party for the duration of the Port stay
When is a Decleration Of Security sent?
Security level 3
When entering a non-contracting Port
When security level changes in Port
When ship level is higher than Port level
When ship has a security threat
What is a Risk?
(i) liklihood that a hazard may occur
(ii) the consequences of the hazardous event
What is a Hazard?
A source of potential harm/damage
What is a Risk Assessment?
Measures to improve
health & safety of workers
Examines all sources of potential harm
Ensures steps are in place to eliminate risks
(i) work activity
(iii) controls in place
(iv) crew at risk
(v) liklihood of risk
(vi) actions to prevent hazard
How do you know if charts are corrected?
Check latest Weekly NtM
Check latest Cumulative List of NtM
Check latest Annual Summary of NtM
Check chart correction log
What is the Ballast Management Plan?
When ballasting in USA, Brazil + Ukraine waters
200nm from land
Depth not less than 200m
If this is not possible, then 50nm from land but depth not less than 200m
All ships to have a treatment plant by 2017
What are the sources of Weather Information?
Radio 4 shipping forecast
Met Office website
Local VTS reports
What are the
for a TRS?
Latitude between 8 - 20 North and South
Sea temperature of 26 degrees and above
No vertical wind sheer
Islands close by
What are the
of a TRS?
Ugly, lurid sky and sunrise and sunset
Cirriform clouds in thick spiral bands
An oppresive atmosphere
Change in intensity/direction of Trade Winds
Pressure 3mb below seasonal average
Increase in sea swell
What are the factors taken into account when calculating a Datum point?
Size of area to be searched
Type of assisting craft
Size of distress craft
Time of day
What are the contents of a Fire Plan?
GA plan for LSA/FFA
Bunker tank location
What are the sequence of events for a Freefall lifeboat launch?
Carry out a risk assessment
Raise the alarm
Muster crew + head count
Ask individual duties of each crew member
Check lifeboat engines & rudder movement
Remove batter connection
Make fast the painter
Remove lashings from the stern
Swing davit completely out
Lower to the waterline
Crew to go down on a ladder
Lower boat to the water
Remove lashing, triangle bar and painter
Close hatches + drive away
What are the contents of a SOLAS training manual?
Explains how to use LSA and FFA equipment
Contrains manufacturers instructions on equipment
Explain how the IG system works
Flue gas produced from
(cleans + cools the gas)
Travels up to the
(removes moisture from gas)
Gas travels through
2 blowers push the IG at 125%
deck water seal
(protects ER from HC backflow)
(protects tanks from pressure/vacuum)
Cargo goes down to tanks
IG moves to
What documents are required for DG?
Document of Authorisation
How do you use a Masons Hygrometer to find humidity?
Note dry + wet bulb temperatures
Find the difference (depression of wet bulb)
Use rel humidity table,
obtain humidity using depression of wet bulb and dry bulb reading
If both readings are the same = 100% humidity
If both readings are far apart = much drier air
What is a Whirling Psychrometer? What is it used for?
Provides a mechanical draft
Used in cargo hold
Can predict ship & cargo sweat
If the hold humidity is higher than the outside air = CARGO SWEAT
How do you predict fog?
Note dry + wet bulb temperatures for a given time
Find the difference (depression of wet bulb)
Enter the dew point table (using dry and wet bulb temps)
Get sea temperature from the ER
Plot these figures on a graph (time axis)
Extend the lines - gives predicted time of fog
6 non-correctable errors of the Sextant?
Worm + Rack
What is Deviation?
The difference between Compass north and Magnetic North
What is Variation?
The difference between Magnetic North and True North
What are the uses of the Magnetic Compass?
Calculating compass errors
What is a fall preventor device?
Prevents lifeboats/FRC from falling o the water in the event of equipment failure
Not mandatory under SOLAS
What are your duties under MGN 315?
In no cirmumstances leave the Bridge
Responsible for safe navigation
Notify the master if in any doubt
Maintain deck log book
Check vessel position frequently
Have a helmsman available at all times
Dont undertake any additional duties
Ensure hand steering is enganged in all hazardous nav situations
Which ships require a liferaft forward?
Ships whose extreme stern to the nearest end of the survival craft is greater than 100m
How many pyrotechnics are required in a lifeboat/liferaft?
6 x hand flares
4 x rocket parachutes
2 x smoke floats
How many SARTs does a ship require to carry?
What are the regulations for a cargo ship to carry Fire Hoses?
1 hose for every 30m of the ship + 1 spare
Not less than a total of 5
Ships with DG = 3 additional hoses and nozzles
What are the regulations for EEBD?
2 in the accommodation space + 1 spare
ER - variable as per Flag State
How long is the painter for a liferaft?
Length not less than 10m +
Distance from the stowage position to the Waterline
In the lightest seagoing condition
Whichever is greatest
What are your actions in a Steering Gear Failure?
Switch to 2nd Pump
Try NFU steering
Raise alarm, Call master
Establish comms with steering gear flat
Engage emergency steering
Consider use of Bow Thruster
Increase position fixing frequency
Report to nearest VTS
Prepare for possible anchorage
What weather is expected with a Warm Front?
Cirrus cloud >> Cirrostratus
Temperatures begin to rise slowly
Increase of air pressure
Clouds thin out
What weather is expected with a Cold Front?
Increase in wind speed