Pharm

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Anonymous
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15386
Filename:
Pharm
Updated:
2010-04-20 15:56:17
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Nclex
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  1. Agents for treating shock, Cardiac arrest and anaphylaxis?
    Norepinephrine, dopamine, epinephrine, isoproterenol, pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, dobutaminesodium nitroprusside, benadryl
  2. What is the group name for antianxiety agents?
    Benzodiazepine derivatives and nonbenzodiazepine derivatives
  3. How do Antianxiety meds work?
    They target nuerotransmitters
  4. How do Antacids work?
    By neutralizing gastric acids, raise gatric pH and inactivates pepsin.
  5. What types of medications are antidysrhythmics?
    • Used to interfere with electrical excitability of heart.
    • Indications: Atrial Fibrillation and flutter/ Tachycardia
  6. What are Aminoglycosides and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics and they inhibit protein synthesis in Gram-Negative Bacteria.

    Indications: Systemic infection of CNS, respiratory, GI, urinary track, bone, skin, soft tissue, PID, TB.
  7. What are Cephalosporins and what do they do?
    Indications?
    • Antibiotics/anti-infectives and they Inhibit synthesis of bacterial cell wall.
    • Indications: Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis
  8. What are Flouroquinolones and what do they do?
    Indications?
    • Antibiotics/anti-infectives
    • They are bacterialcidal; interfere with DNA replication in Gram-Negative Bacteria
    • Indications: E. coli, chronic bacterial prostatitis, acute sinusitis
  9. What are Glyopeptides and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/anti-infectives and they attach to bacterial cell walls interfering with synthesis

    Indications: Resistant staph, colitis,
  10. What are Lycosamides and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/anti-infectives and they are bacteriastatic and bactericidal

    Indications: Staph, strep, and others
  11. What are Macrolides and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/anti-infectives

    Bactericidal and Bacteriostatic

    Indications: Acute infections, acne and skin infections, upper resipratory infections
  12. What are Penicillans and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/Anti-infectives

    • Bactericidal; they inhibit cell wall synthesis
    • Indications: Moderate to severe infections, Syphillis, Gonococcal Infections, Lyme Disease
  13. What are Sulfonamides and what are they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/Anti-infectives

    Bacteriostatic; competitively antagonize paraminobezoic acid, essential for folic acid synthesis, causing cell death

    Indications: Ulcerative colitis, Crohns, Otitis media, conjunctivitis, Meningitis, Toxoplasmosis, UTIs, Rheumatoid atheritis.
  14. Toxoplasmosis?
    An infection due to parasite Toxoplasma gondii

    Cat shit is definite host but also found in birds.
  15. Meningitis
    Inflammation and swelling of membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.

    Can be caused by Gram negative, H. Influenza, meningoccal, pneumococcal,Staphylococcal, and TB
  16. Otitis?
    General term for infection of the Ear.
  17. What are Tetracyclines and what do they do?
    Indications?
    Antibiotics/Anti-infectives

    Bacteriostatic: inhibit protein synthesis

    Indications: Syphillis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, malaria prophylaxis, drug of choice for stage one Lyme disease.

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