ota

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Author:
browneyedgyrl
ID:
153872
Filename:
ota
Updated:
2012-05-14 21:12:56
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biology
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Description:
biology final exam
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  1. Study of animals
    Zoology
  2. Internal skeleton, usually bone
    Endoskeleton
  3. External skeleton made of chitin EX. bugs, crawfish
    Exoskeleton
  4. All the body parts radiate out from one point. Ex: starfish, jellyfish
    Radial symmetry
  5. Two equal left and right sides. Ex. Human, horse, cow, rabbit,
    Bilateral symmetry
  6. No body plan. Ex. sponges
    Asymmetry
  7. has No Backbone
    Invertebrate
  8. Has a backbone
    Vertebrate
  9. Sponges
    Phylum porifera
  10. Tiny openings in the sponges body
    Ostia
  11. Big opening at the top of the sponge, lets water out.
    Osculum
  12. Line the inside of the sponge and move water through the body of the sponge.
    Collar cells
  13. Have stinging cells. Ex. jellyfish, sea anymony, hydra.
    Phylum Cnidaria
  14. A body form in which the body form is attached to the base and has a ring of tentacles.
    Polyp
  15. Body plan umbrella shaped tentacles hanging down. ex. jellyfish
    Medusa
  16. Stinging cells
    Cnidocytes
  17. flatworms, tape worms, flukes and planeria
    Phylum Platyhelminthes
  18. allows them to detect light
    eyespots
  19. Animal shows a head region.
    Cephalization
  20. Free living and harmless
    Planaria
  21. Example of Flatworm parasitic
    Tapeworm and fluke
  22. Pharnyx
    Throat
  23. has male and female reproductive organs
    hermaphroditic
  24. lives inside or on its host, harmful
    parasite
  25. segmented body. ex. earthworms and leaches
    Phylum Annelida
  26. stores its food
    crop
  27. grinds its food
    gizzard
  28. nerve cells in the head of an earthworm.
    ganglia
  29. The excretory organ in an earthworm, acts like kiddneys.
    Nephridia
  30. Round worm; ex tapeworms, heartworms, whipworms
    phylum nematoda
  31. Mollusc soft bodies
    Phylum Mollusca
  32. Secretes the shell
    Mantle
  33. uses the foot to move
    foot
  34. internal organs are located
    Visceral mass
  35. Have to shells, or hinged shells. ex clams and oysters
    Bivalve
  36. mollusc that have antenae on their head with eyes on them.
    Gastropod
  37. have a head and foot area like a squid and octopus
    Cephalopod
  38. Scraping organell inside the mouth of mollusc
    radula
  39. Spinyskins ex: sea urchins, starfish, sand dollars
    phylum Edinodermada
  40. allow it to suction itself to something
    tube feet
  41. helps it to breath, helps it to eat and move
    water vascular system
  42. Phylum Anthropoda
    Characteristics
    Jointed feet, segmented bodies, exoskeleton made of Chitin
  43. shed their exoskeleton to grow
    molt
  44. chest and head region of spiders and crustations
    cephalethorax
  45. compound eyes
    many lenses
  46. Does not have many lenses, spiders have these
    Simple eyes
  47. resperatory organs in spiders
    book lungs
  48. tiny opening on the side of an insect that lets air into the trachea
    Spiracles
  49. the resperatory system of an insect
    trachea
  50. Excretory organ in crawfish
    green gland
  51. excretory organs in insects
    Malpighian tubules
  52. egg laying structures
    Ovipositor
  53. Incomplete metamorphasis
    egg, nymph, adult
  54. complete metamorphasis
    egg, larva, pupa, adult
  55. chordates
    all vertabrates
  56. nerve chord
    spinal chord and brain
  57. notochord
    flexable rod becomes backbone
  58. Pharyngeal pouches
    neck, throat, or gills

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