bio111 (ch.14)(ch.15)

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  1. Define Respiration:
    The Exchange of Gases
  2. Define External Respiration:
    Exchange of gases between air in the lungs and in the blood
  3. Define Internal Respiration:
    Exchange of gases between blood and the cells of the body
  4. Define Ventilation:
    In and out of the air
  5. Define Perfusion:
    The blood flow through an organ
  6. Where is an accucheck performed
    In the capillaries
  7. Glucose level in Venous blood is Higher/Lower than in Capillaries?
  8. Exchange of gases occurs where?
  9. Upper Respiratory Tract:
    • -Nose
    • -Pharynx
    • -Larynx [voice box]
  10. Lower Respiratory Tract:
    • -Trachea [windpipe]
    • -Bronchial Tree
    • -Lungs
  11. Mediastinum
    Space between lungs
  12. How many lobes does the right lung have?
    • 3
    • -right superior
    • -right middle
    • -right inferior
  13. How many lobes does the left lung have?
    • 2
    • -left superior
    • -left inferior
  14. externsive, thin, moist, slippery membrane
  15. Parietal Pleura:
    Lines the walls of the thoracic cavity
  16. covers the lungs and the intrapleural space that lies between the two pleural membranes
    Visceral Pleura
  17. Define Inspiration:
    "drawing air in"
  18. What happens to the diaphragm & lungs when during inspiration?
    • Diaphragm: contracts, flattens
    • Lungs: Expand
  19. Define Expiration:
    "Releasing air"
  20. What happens to the diaphragm & lungs during expiration?
    • Diaphragm: Relaxes
    • Lungs: Recoil
  21. PO2:
    Partial Pressure of Oxygen
  22. PCO2:
    Partial Pressure of Carbon DIoxide
  23. What is the normal range of PCO2?
  24. What is the normal range of PO2?
  25. Define Eupnea:
    Normal Respiratory Rate
  26. Define Hyperventilation:
    Very rapid and deep respirations
  27. Define Hypoventilation:
    Very slow and shallow respirations
  28. Dyspnea:
    Labored and difficult breathing
  29. Apnea:
    Cessation of breathing
  30. Responsibilities of the liver:
    detoxifies, clotting factors
  31. Stomach Contains:
    HCL, Pepsin
  32. Pancreas Contains:
    Islets of Langerhans, beta cells, alpha cells
  33. Beta Cells Responsible for:
  34. Alpha Cells Responsible For:
  35. Ulcerative Colitis:
  36. Colon:
    Large Intestine
  37. What is absorbed in the small intestine?
  38. What is absorbed in the large intestine?
    Water, Vitamins
  39. GERD
    Gastroesphageal Reflux Disease

Card Set Information

bio111 (ch.14)(ch.15)
2012-05-15 01:24:07
nursing anatomy physiology

bio111 w/ dr.paul
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