bio111 (ch.14)(ch.15)

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Author:
nurse_chelsaliss
ID:
153873
Filename:
bio111 (ch.14)(ch.15)
Updated:
2012-05-14 21:24:07
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nursing anatomy physiology
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bio111 w/ dr.paul
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  1. Define Respiration:
    The Exchange of Gases
  2. Define External Respiration:
    Exchange of gases between air in the lungs and in the blood
  3. Define Internal Respiration:
    Exchange of gases between blood and the cells of the body
  4. Define Ventilation:
    In and out of the air
  5. Define Perfusion:
    The blood flow through an organ
  6. Where is an accucheck performed
    In the capillaries
  7. Glucose level in Venous blood is Higher/Lower than in Capillaries?
    Lower
  8. Exchange of gases occurs where?
    Capillaries
  9. Upper Respiratory Tract:
    • -Nose
    • -Pharynx
    • -Larynx [voice box]
  10. Lower Respiratory Tract:
    • -Trachea [windpipe]
    • -Bronchial Tree
    • -Lungs
  11. Mediastinum
    Space between lungs
  12. How many lobes does the right lung have?
    • 3
    • -right superior
    • -right middle
    • -right inferior
  13. How many lobes does the left lung have?
    • 2
    • -left superior
    • -left inferior
  14. externsive, thin, moist, slippery membrane
    Pleura
  15. Parietal Pleura:
    Lines the walls of the thoracic cavity
  16. covers the lungs and the intrapleural space that lies between the two pleural membranes
    Visceral Pleura
  17. Define Inspiration:
    "drawing air in"
  18. What happens to the diaphragm & lungs when during inspiration?
    • Diaphragm: contracts, flattens
    • Lungs: Expand
  19. Define Expiration:
    "Releasing air"
  20. What happens to the diaphragm & lungs during expiration?
    • Diaphragm: Relaxes
    • Lungs: Recoil
  21. PO2:
    Partial Pressure of Oxygen
  22. PCO2:
    Partial Pressure of Carbon DIoxide
  23. What is the normal range of PCO2?
    35-45
  24. What is the normal range of PO2?
    90^
  25. Define Eupnea:
    Normal Respiratory Rate
  26. Define Hyperventilation:
    Very rapid and deep respirations
  27. Define Hypoventilation:
    Very slow and shallow respirations
  28. Dyspnea:
    Labored and difficult breathing
  29. Apnea:
    Cessation of breathing
  30. Responsibilities of the liver:
    detoxifies, clotting factors
  31. Stomach Contains:
    HCL, Pepsin
  32. Pancreas Contains:
    Islets of Langerhans, beta cells, alpha cells
  33. Beta Cells Responsible for:
    Insulin
  34. Alpha Cells Responsible For:
    Glucagon
  35. Ulcerative Colitis:
    Colon
  36. Colon:
    Large Intestine
  37. What is absorbed in the small intestine?
    Nutrients
  38. What is absorbed in the large intestine?
    Water, Vitamins
  39. GERD
    Gastroesphageal Reflux Disease

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