psych final

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psych final
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2012-05-14 21:26:44
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  1. the _____ lobe is the region of the cerebral cortex responsible for hearing, language and decisions
    temporal
  2. the ________ produces melatonin which helps regulate sleep wake cycles
    pineal
  3. the ______recieve information from other neurons
    dendrites
  4. the sympathetic nervous system conserves and maintains your physical resources
    false;
  5. the _____is a subdivision of teh peripheral nervous system that regulates involuntary functions
    autonomic
  6. the white fatty covering around the axons of some neurons is called____
    myelin sheeth
  7. the _____mantains homeostasis and regulates body tempeture, hunger and thrist
    hypothalmas
  8. the tiny gap that exists between neurons is called ____
    synaptic gap
  9. the part of the neuron that sends messages to other nerons is called____
    axon
  10. the _____ is callled the "master gland" of the body directing the functions of many other glands
    pituitary gland
  11. the thick band of nerve fibers connecting the two sides of the cerebral cortex is called
    corpus callosum
  12. the______controls heartbeat cirulation and breating
    medulla
  13. the portion of the cerebral cortex involved in making complex plans, judgments and speaking is called _____
    frontal lobe
  14. the _____automatically slows body organs after a time of intense alarm or activity
    parasympathetic system
  15. the parietal lobe is a part of the cerebral cortex whose function includes processing informations about touch
    true
  16. the development of new neurons is called
    neurogenisis
  17. the ________nervous system includes all nerves lying outside the central nervous system
    peripheral
  18. the brains _________demonstrates its ability to modify itself after some type of damage
    plasticity
  19. areas of the cerebral cortex not committed to any specific sensory or motor function are called
    association areas
  20. the part of the limbic system linked to emotion processing is called
    amygdala
  21. cells that support neurons are called
    glial
  22. the ______prepares the body for action in the threatning situation
    sympathetic system
  23. the autonomic system controls many of the internal organs and glands of the body
    true
  24. ______is the process whereby a sending neuron will reabsorb execessive neurotransmitters
    reuptake
  25. the "master " gland of the body is the______
    pituitary
  26. the ability to use knowledge gained from prior experience is called ____
    crystallized
  27. the french psychologist who worked with theodore simon in establishing one of the first intelligence tests was
    binet
  28. the negative aspect of deviation ig is that it does not allow comparisons between people of diffrent ages
    true
  29. the two factor theory of intelligence was proposed by
    spearman
  30. _________developed the tri archtic theory of intelligence
    sternberg
  31. the tri archtic theory maintains that the three kinds of intelligence exist including analytical, creative,_____
    practical
  32. according to piaget the last stage of cognitive development is
    formal operational
  33. the idea that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible is called
    object permanance
  34. ____is the failure to understand that the world appears diffrently to diffrent people
    egocentrism
  35. a test designed to assess a persons capacity to benefit from education or training is called an
    aptitude test
  36. adolescents place the greatest emphasis on relationships with
    mentors
  37. learning begins
    womb
  38. erik erikson maintaned that mid life centers on a resolution of the tension between
    generativity vs stagnation
  39. the ability to reason about emotions and use emotions to enhance reasoning is called
    emotional intelligence
  40. the havard scholar who mantained that individuals have eight diffrent kinds of intelligenceis
    gardner
  41. the scholar usually associated with iq testing us
    william stern
  42. a person of low intelligence who has an extraodinary ability in one area is called
    savant
  43. a fertilized egg that contains chromosomes from a sperm and egg is called
    zygote
  44. the organ that physically llinks the mother and the developing embryo or fetus is called
    placenta
  45. the proximodistal rule describes the tendency for motor skills to emerge in sequence from head to feet
    false
  46. the emergance of the ability to think and understand is called
    cognitive development
  47. a chief contributor to attachment theory was
    bowlby
  48. according to sternberg ______intelligence is necessary for solving complex problems and making future complex plans
    analytical
  49. erikson believed that the elderly find meaning in life by working through tensions between
    integrity vs despair
  50. __________adapted some of the intelligence tests of binet and simon and applied them to american culture
    terman

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