Cosmetology:

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Anonymous
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153895
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Cosmetology:
Updated:
2012-05-14 23:21:15
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Skin Care
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Cosmetology: Skin Care
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  1. What are the 5 factors that influence skin aging?
    • Sun
    • Environment
    • Health Habits
    • General Lifestyle
    • Hereditary
  2. What happens to the collagen and elastin in skin as it ages?
    Naturally weakens
  3. What is the approximate percentage of aging caused by the sun?
    80-90%
  4. Which UV rays are aging rays?
    UVA
  5. Which UV rays are burning rays?
    UVB
  6. Which UV ray contributes to the synthesis of Vitamin D?
    UVB
  7. What are the ABCD's of Skin Cancer?
    • Asymmetry
    • Border
    • Color
    • Diameter
  8. What is the best defense against the environment for the skin?
    A good daily skin-care routine
  9. What does nicotine do to the blood vessels and skin?
    Causes contraction and weakening of the blood vessels and capillaries that supply blood to the skin's tissues. Also causes skin to age prematurly and have a yellow, grey or dull appearance.
  10. What are the effects of drug abuse on the skin?
    Prevents healthy cell growth
  11. What does alcohol abuse do to the skin and blood vessels?
    Over dilates blood vessels and cappillaries, causing them to be weak or distended; broken. Also dehydrates the skin.
  12. Why is the combination of smoking and drinking detrimental to the skin?
    Because it causes blood vessels to constantly dilate and contract. It also deprives skin of oxygen and water.
  13. What is a mark on the skin or an abnormal change in the structure of an organ or tissue?
    Lesion
  14. What types of lesions are of concern to cosmetologist?
    Primary & Secondary
  15. What is a sensitivity that may develop from contact with normally harmless substances?
    Allergy
  16. What is redness, pain, swelling and/or increased temperature?
    Inflammation
  17. What is frequent & habitual?
    Chronic
  18. What is a condition that is brief and severe?
    Acute
  19. What is communicable by contact; infection?
    Contagious
  20. What is an illness influenced by weather?
    Seasonal Disease
  21. What is the study of disease causes?
    Etiology
  22. What is a medical opinion of how a disease progresses or the future condition of the illness?
    Prognosis
  23. What are disorders that occur in certain types of employment?
    Occupational Disorder
  24. What is the occupational disorder cosmetologist are susceptible to and define what it is.
    Dermatitis Venenata: an allergic reaction to certain cosmetics or chemicals; redness, cracking skin, open sores.
  25. What is a symptom that you feel?
    Subjective Symptom
  26. What is a symptom that you see?
    Objective Symptom
  27. What lesion is a large blister with watery fluid?
    It is a primary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Bulla
  28. What lesion is a closed, abnormally developed sac with fluid, pus and semifluid?
    It is a primary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Cyst
  29. What lesion is a spot or discoloration of the skin?
    Ex; Freckle. It is a primary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Macule
  30. What lesion is a small elevation of the skin that contains no fluid?
    Ex; Pimple. It is a primary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Papule
  31. What lesion is small elevations on the skin containing pus?

    Ex; inflammed pimple with pus. It is a primary lesion that you cannon perform service on.
    Pustule
  32. What lesion is an abnormal, rounded, solid lump, above, within or under the skin?
    It is a primary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Tubercle
  33. What lesion is a small blister or sac containing clear fluid?

    Ex; Poison Ivy/Oak, Herpes Simplex. It is a primary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Vesicle
  34. What lesion is an itchy, swollen, solid formation above the skin?

    Ex; hives or mosquito bite. It is a primary lesion that you cannot perform service on if it is hives.
    Wheal
  35. What lesion is dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while healing?
    Ex; Scabs. It is a secondary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Crust
  36. What lesion is a skin sore or abrasion to the epidermis?
    Ex; Scraps or Scratches. It is a secondary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Excoriation
  37. What lesion is a crack in the skin that penetrates to the dermis?
    Ex; Chapped hands and lips. It is a secondary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Fissure
  38. What lesion is a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue?
    It is a secondary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Keloids
  39. What lesion is any thin dry or oily plate of dead, shedding epidermal flakes?
    Ex; dandruff, psoriasis. It is a secondary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Scale
  40. What lesion is a light colored slightly raised mark on the skin?
    It is a secondary lesion that you can perform service on.
    Scar
  41. What lesion is any open lesion on the skin, with pus and loss of portions of the dermis?
    It is a secondary lesion that you cannot perform service on.
    Ulcer
  42. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a hair follicle filled with keratinized cells and sebum?

    It is often in the T-Zone: blackheads and whiteheads. You can perform service.
    Comedo
  43. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a benign, keratin-filled cyst, almost perfectly round?

    It is under the epidermis with no visible opening. Common in newborns and around the eyes, on the cheeks and forehead.
    Milia
  44. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is is chronic inflammation of sebaceous glands with retained secretions and bacteria?

    It is often found on the face, back and chest. Levels 1-2 you can perform service, 3-4 you cannot.
    Acne
  45. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is inflammation of sebaceous glands?

    Has dry or oily scaling, crusting and/or itchiness. Commonly found in the eyebrows, hairline, forehead and nose, you cannot perform service.
    Seborrheic Dermatitis
  46. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is dry, scaly skin due to absence of sebum?

    Found with old age and exposure to cold. You can perform service.
    Asteatosis
  47. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a chronic condition appearing mainly on cheeks and nose?

    Appears as redness, dilated surface blood vessels, papules and pustules. You cannot perform service.
    Rosacea
  48. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a sebaceous cyst or a tumor of the sebaceous gland that is filled with sebum?

    Found on the scalp, neck & back. Also known as wen. You cannot perform service.
    Steatoma
  49. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a boil that appears in the dermis or epidermis; caused by an acute bacterial infection?

    It is characterized by a localized infection of hair follices and you cannot perform service.
    Furuncles
  50. What Sebaceous Gland disorder is a cluster of furuncles, an acute bacterial infection of several adjoining hair follicles?

    You cannot perform service.
    Carbuncles
  51. What Sudoriferous Gland disorder is a deficiency in perspiration and needs medical attention?
    Anhidrosis
  52. What Sudoriferous Gland disorder is a foul smelling perspiration that does not need medical attention?
    Bromhidrosis
  53. What Sudoriferous Gland disorder is excessive sweating that needs medical attention?
    Hyperhidrosis
  54. What Sudoriferous Gland disorder is prickly heat, acute inflammatory disorder of sweat glands, appears as small red vesciles; burning, itching skin? It does not need medical attention.
    Miliaria Rubra
  55. Which skin condition is an inflammatory condition of the skin that is not contagious?
    Dermatitis
  56. Which skin condition is inflammatory, painful, itching disease of the skin that is not contagious.
    Eczema
  57. Which skin condition is a fever blister or cold sore, it is a recurring viral infection on the lips, nostrils and face? It IS contagious.
    Herpes Simplex
  58. Which skin condition is a skin disease that is red patches covered with silver-white scales that appears on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest and lower back? It is not contagious.
    Psoriasis
  59. Which skin condition is a highly contagious bacterial infection that produces a honey-yellow crusted lesion; on the face?
    Impetigo
  60. What is an overabundance of pigment?
    Hyperpigmentation
  61. What is a lack of pigment?
    Hypopigmentation.
  62. Which pigmentation abnormality is increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated; liver spots; from sun exposure? [Hyperpigmentation]
    Chloasma
  63. Which pigmentation abnormality is freckles, small yellow- to brown colored spots on the skin exposed to sunlight and air? [Hyperpigmentation]
    Lentigines
  64. Which pigmentation abnormality is light abnormal patches in the skin; burn or congenital disease that destroys pigment producing cells. [Hypopigmentation]
    Leukoderma
  65. Which pigmentation abnormality is congenital leukoderma, absence of melanin pigment in the body, hair is silky white, skin and eyes are pinkish, skin won't tan and sesitivity to light? [Hypopigmentation]
    Albinism
  66. Which pigmentation abnormality is milky-white spots on the skin, hereditary and may be related to thyroid conditions? [Hypopigmentation]
    Vitiligo
  67. Which pigmentation abnormality is is a birthmark, small or large mark on the skin caused by abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries? [Hyperpigmentation]
    Nevus
  68. Which pigmentation abnormality is a brown or wine skin discoloration? [Hyperpigmentation]
    Stain
  69. Which pigmentation abnormality is a change in pigmentation of the skin caused by exposure to the sun or UV rays? [Hyperpigmentation]
    Tan
  70. What is an abnormal growth of the skin?
    Hypertrophy
  71. Are hypertrophies harmless or harmful?
    Many are harmless (benign)
  72. What hypertrophy is a callus; thickened skin? If it grows inwards it is called?
    • Keratoma
    • Corn
  73. What hypertrophy is a brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging from pale tan to brown or bluish black?
    Mole
  74. What hypertrophy is a small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin?
    Skin Tag
  75. What hypertrophy is a wart?
    Verruca
  76. Which skin cancer is the most common, least severe and has light or pearly nodules?
    Basal Cell Carcinoma
  77. Which skin cancer is more serious than basal cell carcinoma and has scaley red papules or nodules?
    Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  78. Which skin cancer is the most serious form of skin cancer, black or dark brown patches that appear uneven in texture, jagged or raised.
    Malignant Melanoma
  79. What is a greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to products?
    Sensitization
  80. When skin is irritated, how does the swelling and itching occur?
    The immune system floods the tissue with water to dilute the substance causing swelling. Also the immune system floods the tissue with histamines, causing itching.

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