MUSIC OF THE WORLD'S CULTURES
Card Set Information
MUSIC OF THE WORLD'S CULTURES
Explain what is meant by Chinese language(s) being “tonal”.
Pitch is used to determine meaning. Each “character” is a whole word.
Define shan’ge and what it is used for.
Traditional folk song for agricultural work, courting, and flirting. Verses trade off between singers, the boys and girls “tease” each other.
These songs help take mind off of work.
Know the eight categories of sound-producing materials
Know the two sound-producing materials used in sizhu music
Silk stringed instrument,
Describe the instruments in a beiguan ensemble and the purpose of the ensemble
: wind and percussion
: outdoor ritual music (funerals, temples)
Describe the following instruments: pipa, dizi, suona, qin
Pipa- four stringed, pear shaped lute.
Dizi- transverse bamboo flute
suona- double reed instrument
qin-7 stringed instrument.
Define jingju and qingyi
Jingju- bejing opera. Four expressive meanings: singing, speech, acting, fighting.
Qingyi- a serious heroine known for her vocal prowness and use of stance and gesture.
Name at least three characteristics of Beijing opera
1.) Elaborate costumes and makeup
2.) Simple scenery and props
3.) Has some western musical instruments
4.) Expressive percussionist
Define ternary form
ABA- Changes from major to minor in B section
Define “model operas”
Operas that told stories about the Chinese revolution
Name at least two requirements for music in the socialist realist movement
1.) Express a Chinese theme
2.) Be accessible to ordinary listeners
3.) Use full range of techniques
Define/translate Nueva Canción and describe the political
movement it involved
Nueva Cancion means “new song”, and it’s a politically charged folk song. People were standing up for their own culture in the face of oppression.
Know what Victor Jara is known for
He composed Nueva Cancion, among others (like El Aparecido).
Traditional Chile rhythm, which is also their national dance.
Mixture of duple and triple meter. It’s simultaneously ¾ and 6/8
Describe the following instruments: kena and zampoña
Kena- flute you can alter with your voice. Zampona- panpipes
Combining two or more melodies.
Ceremonial panpipe music.
Describe the size of k’antu ensembles and the types of instruments used in them
There are 20-30 dancing players. They panpipes, drums, and triangles.
Know how panpipes are put together and the names for each set of pipes
There are two sets of pipes, the Irca and the Arca.
The Irca pipes are “male”, and they are the leaders.
There are six total Irca pipes.
The Arca pipes are the “female”, and they are the followers.
There are seven total Arca pipes.
Explain what is meant by “doubling the melody” in a k’antu
Different sizes of panpipes are used for the ensemble. They are all playing the same melody, but at a parallel octave, 4th and 5th above the main melody.
When the melody is dispersed among two or more voices or instruments.
Two phrase design
Vocables “e hehe hehei
pitch rises to half steps
overlapping vocal entries
four differet vocal parts
“Fang Ma Shan’ge”
emotional expert vs moral expert
traditional and modern instruments
Mix of major and minor
Mix of duple and triple meter
“Qi Cun Lian” VOCAL
Straight forward lines
Easy to sing
doubling melodic line
Sanniang Jiao Zi
Two stringed fiddle
Vocalist and fiddle player track each other closely
Elaborate percussion when singer rests
short intro + three main sections
notes play in pairs-same pitch, different technique
about two friends parting