Vital Signs Practicum

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  1. 6 Vital Signs?
    • 1-Temperature
    • 2-Pulse
    • 3-Respirations
    • 4-Blood Pressure
    • 5-Pulse Ox.
    • 6-Pain
  2. Normal Range of Temperature
    Celsius= 36-38 degrees

    Fahrenheit= 96.8-100.4
  3. Normal range of pulse for adults
    60-100 BPM
  4. Normal range for respiratory
    12-20 per min.
  5. Normal range of for blood pressure
    Systolic= 120-140

    Diastolic= 60-80
  6. Normal range of pulse ox.
    95-100%
  7. Pain Scale
    0 to 10, 0=no pain; 10=most pain possible
  8. First 6 steps of interaction with a patient.
    • 1- Introduction
    • 2- Wash Hands
    • 3- I.D. the pt.
    • 4- provide privacy
    • 5- Explain procedure
    • 6- Ask how they are feeling
  9. What is included in introduction?
    • Name and Title
    • (Ron Skiba nursing student)
  10. How should patient be identified?
    Ask patient their name and birthday while observing ID band
  11. Where can a temperature be taken?
    • Orally-posterior sublingual pocket
    • Axillary- deep in arm pit
    • Rectally-insert 1-1.5"
  12. What can interfere with the accuracy of a temperature reading?
    • smoking, eating, drinking
    • wait 30 min. to check temperature after any of these have occured
  13. Where are the 8 palpable pulse sites?
    • 1-Temporal
    • 2-Carotid
    • 3-Brachial
    • 4-Radial
    • 5-Femoral
    • 6-Popliteal
    • 7-Dorsal pedis
    • 8-Posterior tibial
  14. Where is the apical pulse site?
    5th intercostal space midclavicular line
  15. What are the 3 ways to measure respiratory rate?
    • 1- sight; after taking 30 sec. pulse, count the number of times the chest rises and falls for 30 sec and x2.
    • 2- palpate; placing hand on chest and feel the number of chest rises and falls for 30 sec. and x2.
    • 3- auscultate; place stethoscope on chest and count number of breath cycles in 1 min.
  16. How to obtain the estimated target systolic?
    Feel for radial pulse and slowly inflate cuff untill pulse disappears and add 30.
  17. What is the term for a heart rate over 100? And under 60?
    tachycardia

    bradycardia
  18. What is the term for a respiratory rate above 20? And under 12?
    tachypnea

    bradypnea
  19. What is the term for consistantly elevated BP? And decreased BP?
    hypertension

    hypotension
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ID
153922
Card Set
Vital Signs Practicum
Description
Nursing Lab Vital Signs Practicum
Updated
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